Renewable Revolution

Environment => Wonders of Nature => Topic started by: AGelbert on June 17, 2014, 01:28:01 am

Title: Bees
Post by: AGelbert on June 17, 2014, 01:28:01 am

Beekeepers are breeding a race of superbees at the Seattle airport (  (

By Amber Cortes
Title: Re: Bees
Post by: AGelbert on June 21, 2014, 01:55:13 am
The Neonicotinoid pesticides affect sucking insects. Bees are sucking insects. What a STUPID and HARMFUL act it was to create these insecticides and then get them approved.  >:( :(

Before it’s too late

Biopesticides may be a long-term solution for replacing neonicotinoids and other pesticides, although they are in a very early stage of development. Spider venom-based pesticides can still be lethal to the”main target audience”, and the bees coming in contact with them don’t the show the adverse effects of neonicotinoids. The agent originates from the venomous Blue Mountains funnel-web spider of Australia. The spider venom was mixed with a carrier protein, and injected into the bees in sucrose solutions.

Such direct and high exposure to the pesticide is not expected under natural circumstances. During the experiment, about every sixth bee died within 48 hours, but the rest remained completely “functional”. This start is reassuring, but the researchers have still to determine how bumblebees or wasps react to the same substance.

Source: After EarthTimes
Title: Re: Bees
Post by: AGelbert on June 23, 2014, 10:47:44 pm
President Obama Directs Federal Agencies to Restore Pollinator Populations  ( News

Last week, President Obama issued an executive order to expand protection for our oceans and today, he directed federal agencies to "reverse pollinator losses and help restore populations to healthy levels" of bees, birds, bats, and butterflies - as "critical contributors to our nation's economy, food system, and environmental health."   (

As you know, bees, bats and butterflies in particular, are under siege and need emergency action. We must "take immediate steps to address these alarming declines," he says. "pointing to last year's lowest-ever numbers of Monarchs - "there is a risk this iconic migration could end." About 30% of honey bee colonies have been lost every year since neonic pesticides were introduced, and native bees are also effected. Several species of formerly common bats are being decimated by white-nose syndrome, now found in 25 states.

 Obama is directing the Secretary of Agriculture (USDA) and EPA Administrator to co-chair a Pollinator Health Task  Force, which will be responsible for focusing federal efforts to research, prevent, and recover pollinator populations. They will develop a National Pollinator Health Strategy within 180 days, which includes a Pollinator Research Action Plan that examines how various stressors - pesticides, pathogens and management practices - contribute to the decline.

 And it requires federal agencies to substantially expand pollinator habitat on federal lands.  The USDA announced a small $8 million in funding to help ranchers and farmers increase acreage for pollinators.

EPA, USDA In Awkward Position
 The EU banned neonicotinoid (neonic) pesticides, but EPA refuses to do so. While habitat loss and disease play a role in bee loss, the science clearly points to neonics as the major cause of decline.

 Just today, researchers called for complete global phase-out of neonicotinoids. After reviewing 800 studies in the most comprehensive effort to date, "The evidence is clear: neonics are harming our pollinating insects and could be causing damage to many other species and habitats," says Vanessa Amaral-Rogers, one of the scientists.

Widespread planting of GMO crops is another prime culprit - in addition to wiping out nectar sources for bees and butterflies, "The biological impact of glyphosate are consistent with all of the known conditions related to colony collapse in bees," says plant pathologist Dr. Don Huber.

"It's bad enough that Monsanto produces GMO crops that screw with honeybees' gastrointestinal health, making them more susceptible to disease. But here's the kicker: Monsanto also treats its seeds with neonicotinoids," says Ronnie Cummins, national director of the Organic Consumers Association. Bayer and Syngenta are the other main manufacturers of these pesticides.

Indeed, bee colonies began disappearing in 2004 - just one year after the EPA allowed neonicotinoids on the market. Amazingly, they were approved by "conditional registration," ( which expedites pesticides to market ( without meaningful research.  >:( Over two-thirds of pesticides introduced since 2000 have been approved this way.   (

Unlike other pesticides, they are absorbed by the entire plant. :P  Even at low levels, they impair foraging ability, navigation, learning behavior and suppress the immune system, making them more susceptible to pathogens and disease, explains Beyond Pesticides.  They are just as toxic to birds, butterflies and aquatic ecosystems.

"While organically managed farms prove these pesticides aren't  necessary, ( EPA has yet to take meaningful action to reduce exposure to these harmful chemicals," they say. "Mounting scientific evidence requires an urgent response that necessitates removing these chemicals from the market."

A lawsuit   ( has been filed against EPA because of its continued registration of these chemicals by Beyond Pesticides, (  Center for Food Safety, Pesticide Action Network North America, Sierra Club, Center for Environmental Health and four beekeepers. Incredibly, even in the face of this evidence, EPA proposes expanding their use.  >:(

They are also trying to get legislation passed - the Saving America's Pollinators Act, introduced last year by Rep. John Conyers (D-MI) and Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-OR). It  would suspend use of neonicotinoid pesticides until a full review of scientific evidence and a field study demonstrates no harm ( to pollinators. So far, the bill has 68 cosponsors.    (

Please urge your Representative to co-sponsor this bill: 

Title: Re: Bees
Post by: AGelbert on June 27, 2014, 08:34:27 pm
Title: Re: Bees
Post by: AGelbert on July 09, 2014, 10:11:57 pm
No bees, no future... :P
Title: Do Honeybees Have Hair on Their Eyes?
Post by: AGelbert on August 29, 2014, 09:55:00 pm
Do Honeybees Have Hair on Their Eyes?



Honey bees really have hair on their eyes—the microscopic short hairs are known as setae and help the insect with navigation. As honey bees fly, the hair on their eyes catches the wind to help them figure out direction and speed while traveling.

It can also sense levels of humidity in the air and help lead the honey bees toward plants with pollen. Although there are over 20,000 other species of bees, honey bees are among the only ones with hair covering their eyes.

The honey bees’ eyes are made of hexagonal lenses, and are so strong, they can see ultraviolet light that the human eye cannot, which helps them differentiate between flowers that have nectar and those that don't.

More about bees:

•Bees beat their wings approximately 180 times every second and can reach speeds of up to 20 miles (32 km) per hour.

•To produce 1 pound (.45 kg) of honey, a bee has to fly 55,000 miles (88,513 km) and tap two million flowers.

•The compound vision of bees is so strong, they can view 300 frames per second

Title: Re: Bees
Post by: AGelbert on August 31, 2014, 03:17:35 pm
How Much Honey Does One Bee Produce? (

One worker bee produces 1/12 of a teaspoon (0.4 ml) on average in its entire lifespan.

Honey is produced when bees collect flower nectar and store it in honeycombs. The design of the honeycombs allows for air flow from outdoors and the beating of the bees wings.


This lets the nectar liquid evaporate while the sugars break down, resulting in sticky honey. During a trip to collect nectar from flowers, a bee will visit from 50 to 100 flowers. Collectively, honey bees must extract nectar from around two million flowers and travel over 55,000 miles (88,513 km) to produce one pound (0.45 kg) of honey.

More about honey:

•The average American consumes 1.3 pounds of honey every year, according to assessments from the National Honey Board.

•Pollination, in which male parts of flowers are transferred to female parts in order to fertilize and grow a plant, is a major role of honey bees. It’s estimated the insects are responsible for one-third of the food crops humans eat.

Agelbert NOTE: IOW an Average American consumes about 409 mL a YEAR. And we live about 75 YEARS (Lifetime average American HONEY consumption of 30,675 ml).

THAT MEANS that 30,675 ml/0.4 = 76,678 bees live and die for the lifetime honey consumption of just ONE average American (over ONE THOUSAND DEAD BEES A YEAR! :o). Remember that if you are a vegetarian.  ;)

And remember that when the fossil fuelers and nuke pukes claim that distributed energy harvesting and production is "too costly and inefficient"  ( compared with centralized profit over planet polluting energy production.    ( The fossil fuelers DO NOT DO math; they do EXTERNALIZED COSTS to fake a profit!   >:(
Title: Re: Bees
Post by: AGelbert on November 29, 2014, 05:25:02 pm
Bombus pratorum

How the Humblebee became the Bumblebee  (   (

The bumblebee was traditionally known as the humblebee, after naturalist Charles Darwin began observing and documenting the insects in records dating back to 1841. The name humblebee refers to the humming noise the bees make as they rapidly beat their wings while flying—it is estimated the insects can fly at speeds of approximately 10 miles (16 km) per hour.


By the early 20th century, the name gradually was phased out and replaced with the modern name of bumblebee as more scientists began to study the insects. Darwin was among the first to recognize the importance of bumblebees’ role in fertilizing plants as they collected nectar and pollen, and even noted certain plants’ risk for extinction if bumblebees disappeared and were unable to help fertilize.

More about bumblebees:

•There are an estimated 250 different species of bumblebees in the world.

•One single bumblebee nest may contain up to 400 bumblebees inhabiting the space. However, this is small compared to honey bees, which may squeeze up to 50,000 bees into one nest.

•Although bumblebees are able to bite or sting, they do not possess enough strength in their jaws to actually cause much pain to a human.

The bumble bee is the most common type of bee with around 250 different species of the bumble bee found around the world.

Despite the fact that the bumble bee can be found in many countries, it is indigenous to the Northern Hemisphere, breeding more successfully in the more temperate climates.

The bumble bee is best known for having a sting on it's tail, which the bumble bee uses to protect itself from danger. Once the bumble bee has stung something with it's sting, the sting breaks off and the bumble bee generally dies. Despite common belief, not every bumble bee has a sting, in fact the male bumble bees (known as drones) do not have a sting at all. Only the female bumble bee has a sting on it's tail.

One of the main causes in the decline of the bumble bee populations is the fact that the places where the bumble bees nest are being disturbed often destroying the bumble bee's nest in the process.  >:(

Bumblebee nest

A caring human devises a method of helping a bumblebee queen nest

Smart bumblebee queen builds a nest in ground that is rarely disturbed.  (

The bumble bee is a herbivorous animal feeding primarily on nectar. Bumble bees also eat pollen and honey when there is no nectar available. Bumble bees have numerous natural predators including birds, larger insects and amphibians such as frogs and newts.

The queen bumble bee is the one who lays the eggs. She lays her eggs in a round-shaped mound that she then seals with wax. When the baby bumbles bees (larvae) hatch they are forced to eat their way out of their sealed dome.


Bumble bees are known to play a valuable part in the eco-system as around 1/3 of what humans eat is pollinated by bees. It is estimated that around 80% of the world's crop species are dependent on the pollination by bees to survive.

Sadly due to high pollution levels and habitat loss, the bumble bee populations are rapidly declining with the bumble bee being one of the few insects that is classed as being threatened with extinction.

Human beings do not give bees the respect they deserve, as bumble bees are vital to the survival of plants which are in turn vital to the survival of humans.


Title: Re: Bees
Post by: AGelbert on May 19, 2015, 05:56:44 pm
                      ( (
To better understand the life of a bee, photographer Anand Varma raised bees in his backyard. The project gives a glimpse into a bee hive and exposes one of the biggest threats to bee health: a mite that preys on baby bees in the first 21 days of life.

Varma’s incredible footage is set to music from Magik*Magik Orchestra as he explains the threat and what’s being done to stop it.
Title: Re: Bees
Post by: AGelbert on May 30, 2015, 10:46:10 pm
Czech teacher battles bee-killing disease with hot hive  (

Title: Re: Bees
Post by: AGelbert on June 01, 2015, 10:35:52 pm
Fascinating and highly informative video on bee keeping, the invention of the Langstroth hive design over 160 years ago still used today (and in this video) and bee activities.  (
Bee's wax makes the BEST candles.

Have you ever wondered how they can get honey without killing some bees? See the clever technique in the video!  ;D

Title: Re: Bees
Post by: AGelbert on June 03, 2015, 10:47:33 pm
Feeding Refined Sugar to Honey Bees   (

By James A Zitting 

In the beekeeping world it is common to harvest the honey in the fall. In natural beekeeping, we try to leave enough honey to sustain the bees to last until spring.( However many beekeepers feed sugar or high fructose corn syrup to bees.

The main reason beekeepers do this supplemental feeding is a matter of simple economics. The commercial beekeepers have a business to run, and when they do the math, it simply does not work from a financial stand point to let the bees eat honey. They can make more money selling the honey and buying an artificial substitute. For a more in-depth view on this see my blog (at link). This post will focus on why we need to let the bees eat their own honey.

For eons of time the honey bees have been gathering nectar, mixing it with their own special enzymes, and placing it in the wax cells. The bees create a draft through the hive by flapping their wings in unison to evaporate the moisture from the nectar until it thickens to approximately 18% moisture. During this process the enzymes continue to work and when the bees decide the honey is ripe, they cap it. Capping is simply when the bees cover the cell with wax to seal off their special winter food. The honey is an amazing food that will last indefinitely.

There is another process taking place in the bee hive that few people know about. When the bees bring in pollen they also add enzymes that pickle or ferment the pollen. This pickled pollen is called “bee bread” This bee bread is even more nutritious for the bees because they can assimilate it better. There have been over 8,000 different micro organisms recorded living in the bee bread. It is a fine tuned and balanced world of little bugs that I liken to the microorganisms and flora living in our intestines. We simply could not live without them, and neither can the bees.

People will argue that sugar is sugar and that it is the same thing to the bees as honey. ( ( However refined sugar and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) are not honey. They have a different PH and they lack the enzymes.  (

When you change the PH in a bee hive, it affects the finely balanced world of the little bugs, and weakens the colony. When they track pesticides and fungicides into the hive with their little feet, the life within the bee bread is affected.

Another thing that most people don’t realize about honey is that when you feed bees HFCS they stash it in the same cells that nectar gets stored in, and in fact gets mixed up with the honey.  :P So when you buy honey from many suppliers you are getting HFCS and a honey mixture—even if the label says “pure honey,” the odds are it isn’t.

HFCS is claimed to be toxic to honey bees. We are also learning it isn’t good for humans either.

The bottom line is that the bees will continue to be fed artificial sugars as long it makes economic sense to do so    ( 

Due to the corn lobby ( convincing our lawmakers to subsidize the corn crops, HFCS is cheap. Since I don’t think the government will stop the corporate welfare any time soon, we the people must bite the bullet and pay the higher price to the natural beekeepers with the natural honey.  ( Let’s reward the beekeepers who do the right thing by buying their product, and the big players ( will catch on and change there ways.  ;)

Simply put, get to know your local beekeepers. Ask questions about if they feed substitutes and if they place chemicals in their hives. In doing so, you are protecting the bees, the environment, and your own personal health.    (

Agelbert NOTE: Please pass this on. People need to know bees fed GMO HFCS make GMO HONEY! ( (

And it wouldn't surprise me one bit if the so-called colony collapse disorder is SUBSTANTIALLY caused, in addition to neonicotinoid pesticides, by compromised bee immune systems due to being fed GMO HFCS crap instead of their own honey  >:(  :(. Greed kills life, people.  (
Title: Re: Bees
Post by: AGelbert on May 09, 2017, 09:38:53 pm
Finally some good news: Center for Food Safety won our lawsuit to protect bees from toxic pesticides! (

In response to a case CFS filed four years ago, a Federal Court ruled last night that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) systematically violated the Endangered Species Act (ESA) – a key wildlife protection law – when it approved bee-killing insecticides known as neonicotinoids, finding that EPA had unlawfully issued 59 pesticide approvals between 2007 and 2012.

This is a big win for bees and beekeepers, but we’re not done yet. Chip in to help us keep this case going >>

The bad news is that seeds coated with bee-killing neonicotinoid insecticides are now used on more than 150 million acres of U.S. corn, soybeans, cotton and other crops – totaling an area bigger than the state of California and Florida combined – the largest use of any insecticides in the country by far.

Neonicotinoids are a class of highly toxic insecticides designed to damage the central nervous system of insects, causing tremors, paralysis and death at even very low doses. Since the mid-2000s, their use has skyrocketed. Neonicotinoids are applied via sprays, soil drenches, tree injections and other methods. However, by far their greatest use in terms of U.S. land area affected is as a coating on crop seeds – a process by which pesticides are mixed together with large batches of seeds in order to coat them before the seeds are planted.

 The nation’s beekeepers continue to suffer unacceptable annual bee mortality of 40 percent and higher. Water contamination by these insecticides is virtually out of control. Wild pollinators and wetland-dependent birds are in danger
.   (
Title: Re: Bees
Post by: AGelbert on March 01, 2018, 02:42:42 pm

It’s official: pesticides are harming the bees


A new, comprehensive report from European scientists confirms what many researchers have already been warning about: a class of pesticides called neonicotinoids poses a danger to wild bees and managed honey bees. The report analyzed over 1,500 studies on the issue.

“This report certainly strengthens the case for further restrictions on neonicotinoid use,” entomologist Dave Goulson of the University of Sussex in Brighton, U.K., said in a statement.

Bees are going through a dramatic decline. Global populations are dwindling, we don’t know why, and we’re not exactly sure how to stop it. But more and more evidence is mounting that this is connected to neonicotinoids, the world’s most popular class of insecticides.

Neonicotinoids (also called neonics) are used to coat seeds to protect them when they are sown. They’re essentially nerve agents. When the seed germinates, it spreads the pesticide throughout the plant, protecting it entirely from pests. But the substance also spreads through the pollen and nectar, where it can be absorbed by unfortunate pollinators — particularly, bees.  (

Many studies have linked neonics to honey-bee colony collapse disorder (CCD) and a decline in birds due to a reduction in insect populations. Pesticide producers have contested the studies, however, saying that they are inconsistent and unrealistic. The new report found that most of the damage doesn’t necessarily come through the nectar and pollen directly, but rather through secondary soil and water contamination. The pesticides are spreading through the entire ecosystem, where they are causing widespread damage. While there was some variability in the study, the results were conclusive enough to support a total ban on these pesticides.

“There is variability in the conclusions, due to factors such as the bee species, the intended use of the pesticide and the route of exposure,” said Jose Tarazona, head of the European Food Safety Authority’s pesticides unit. “Some low risks have been identified, but overall the risk to the three types of bees we have assessed is confirmed.”

Furthermore, as the neonics spread and seep through the ecosystem, it’s only a matter of time before pests start developing resistance, Christopher Connolly of the University of Dundee School of Medicine in the United Kingdom noted in a statement.

The study only analyzed the impact of three neonicotinoids ( — clothianidin, imidacloprid, and thiamethoxam  — all of which have been banned in the European Union but are still allowed widely used elsewhere in the world, including the US. The European Commission has proposed extending the ban to all pesticides in this class, but such measures haven’t been adopted thus far.

“This is strengthening the scientific basis for the Commission’s proposal to ban outdoor use of the three neonicotinoids,” according to a commission statement.
Title: Re: Bees
Post by: AGelbert on April 27, 2018, 06:30:52 pm

Apr. 27, 2018 07:46AM EST

By  Lorraine Chow

EU Approves Ban on 'Bee-Killing' Neonicotinoids  (


European governments approved Friday a proposal to widen a ban on neonicotinoid pesticides that studies have found are harmful to bees 🐝 and other 🦋 🐞 pollinators.

The move completely bans the outdoor uses of three neonicotinoids, or neonics, across the European Union. They include Bayer CropScience's imidacloprid ☠️, Syngenta's thiamethoxam ☠️ and clothianidin ☠️ developed by Takeda Chemical Industries and Bayer CropScience.

The EU had already opted for a partial ban in 2013 on the use of the three chemicals on flowering crops that attract bees, such as maize, wheat, barley, oats and oil seed r a p e (canola).

"All outdoor uses will be banned and the neonicotinoids in question will only be allowed in permanent greenhouses where exposure of bees is not expected," the European Commission said in a statement.

In February, the European Food Safety Authority issued a report adding to the mounting scientific evidence that neonics are a risk to wild bees and honeybees, whose numbers have been plummeting in recent years.

"The Commission had proposed these measures months ago, on the basis of the scientific advice from the European Food Safety Authority," Vytenis Andriukaitis, the European commissioner for Health and Food Safety said today.

"Bee health remains of paramount importance for me since it concerns biodiversity, food production and the environment."   (

Full article:
Title: Re: Bees
Post by: AGelbert on June 10, 2018, 08:23:06 pm
Gourmet Goes Back To The Source 🐝

Chef Alan Wong in Honolulu is known for his passion for Hawaii's locally grown ingredients. He put together the Farmer Series Dinner, a program that brings the farmer into the restaurant, to connect with both the guests and staff, deepening their connection to the food source.

In this video, he explores the importance of bees. Propelled by learning that over 80% of the food supply is connected to the work of the bee population, he is using the Farmer Series Dinner to raise awareness. He is now a beekeeper as well.

Perhaps gourmet chefs will play a role in re-growing the bee population? Here is one chef who is doing his part right now.

-- Bibi Farber

This video was produced by the Farmer Series Dinner.

Title: 🐝 Bee Report Card for each State
Post by: AGelbert on February 25, 2020, 02:11:54 pm

Click on image below to see ineractive map and read 🐝 Beeport Card for each state: (

( (
Title: The Asian giant hornet, now in the US, is a threat to honeybees
Post by: AGelbert on May 04, 2020, 09:37:28 pm

BY Olivia Rosane May. 04, 2020 07:33AM EST

‘Murder Hornets’ ( Spotted in U.S. for the First Time (