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1
Renewables / My Visit To Aptera Showed Me It Is Definitely On The Right Track
« Last post by AGelbert on December 01, 2021, 07:34:49 pm »
CleanTechnica

The ⚡ car’s odd shape and small frontal area are great for achieving maximum efficiency, but it also plays a trick on our brains. In person, the ⚡ Aptera is really not that small.

By Jennifer Sensiba on Nov 30, 2021 01:10 pm

Aptera

My Visit To Aptera Showed Me It Is Definitely On The Right Track

By Jennifer Sensiba on Nov 30, 2021 01:35 pm

My Visit To Aptera Showed Me It Is Definitely On The Right Track (Part 2)

By Jennifer Sensiba on Nov 30, 2021 01:50 pm

My Visit To Aptera Showed Me It Is Definitely On The Right Track (Part 3)

2
Catastrophic Climate Change / Climate Crisis "Solution" Hopium is UNscientific
« Last post by AGelbert on December 01, 2021, 06:17:26 pm »
Agelbert RANT: Beyond the usual wishful thinking about how "solvable" the climate crisis is AND the complete lack of finger pointing at the profit over planet polluters (i.e. NO demands for prosecuting/bankrupting the polluters and NO recommended TEETH for laws and regulations to prevent continued degradation of the biosphere for short term profit) that are TOTALLY (NOT "partially") responsible for Catastrophic Climate Change, this article is based on facts. The problem with stating the biosphere degradation facts resulting from our climate crisis, while studiously ignoring the gigantic elephant in the room FACT that the 😈🦖🐍 humans in charge of the polluter corporations are NOT going to stop as long as they are not prosecuted for their profit over planet ecocide is that we-the-people will accomplsh NADA to stop the ‘Insect Armageddon’ discussed here or any other extinction causing result of Catastrophic Climate Change. Yeah, that is a problem, to put it mildly. What really burns me is how these scientists can harbor the incredibly naive opinion that we can fix this "together" because, uh. we are "all" in this together".

NO, we are NOT all in this together. The polluters have every reason, based on their morally bankrupt ideology, to not care a hoot what happens to most of the biosphere, including the extinction of several high order mammalian vertebrate species, as long as their profit over planet corruption of governments all over the world continues unpunished and unabated. The polluters are morally depraved Social Darwinists. They will, with a straight face, calmly tell you that species have gone extinct since life has "evolved" on this planet and apex predaters like them need not be concerned with ANY species that goes extinct due to pollution from a 😈 profitable "business Model". These moral reprobates actually believe that any species that goes extinct, no matter how important scientists think that species is, "deserves" to go extinct if it went extinct. This is circular thinking insanity in the extreme, but ALL 🦍 Social Darwinsits swear by this irrational rejection of altruistic behavior on behalf of the biosphere in general (and humans they exploit in particular) in order to "justifiy" their wanton degradation of the biosphere for short term profit. They are true believers in technofixes, even if scientists tell them there ain't no technofix for the extinction of a keystone species. The polluter greedballs are so blind to cause and effect reality that ANYTHING that questions their morally bankrupt "might equals right" ideology is rejected.

The problem with too many scientists is that they think of the Climate Crisis as a biological math problem to be solved. rather than a DIRECT CAUSE of the moral depravity of polluters. As long as the climate Crisis is not labelled as  a MORAL CRISIS, asking we-the-people to do our part to save nature, something 90% PLUS of humanity already DOES, will not work BECAUSE LESS than 5% of humanity is doing over 99% of the pollution! It is like these scientists, people who are great at math from the time they were knee high to a grasshopper, deciding to forget how to add and subtract when the blame for worldwide (OVERWHELMINGLY CAUSED BY THE HYDROCARBON "Industry") biosphere degradation needs to be SPECIFICALLY tallied up.





Nature underpins every aspect of human existenceand it is in crisis

KEY TAKEAWAYS

📢 Biodiversity underpins every aspect of life on our planet—but it's currently declining at an unprecedented rate.
֍ To reverse this trend, we must find better ways to manage humanity's footprint on land and sea—and new ways to fund this work.
֍ The year ahead will be crucial, as members of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity reconvene in China in 2021 and early 2022 to agree on a new global framework for protecting nature.

Whether you live in a large coastal city or a small town in the foothills; work in agriculture, engineering or finance; live off the land or consider yourself an urban warrior; whether you consciously realize it or not, we all need nature.


BIODIVERSITY EXPLAINED (3:05) What if all the variety on the planet disappeared? It could happen. Extinctions are happening faster than ever. If we remove too many pieces the health of our environment, food supply, and economies could crumble. But if we can agree to prioritize biodiversity, we can save the planet and ourselves.

This variety of life, the communities they form, and habitats in which they live make up the fabric of life—biodiversity. It underpins planetary health and informs everything down to the taste of a grain, the strand of a cloth and a sip of water, supporting our most basic needs. Yet, nature and wildlife are declining around the world at an unprecedented rate.


THE COST OF LOSING NATURE

The United Nations’ Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) recently warned that we are exploiting nature far more rapidly than it can renew itself, driving extinctions up to 1,000 times faster than the background “natural rate.” The report also spells out that up to one million known species could disappear by 2050. Invertebrates, in particular, are disappearing so quickly that some scientists are warning of a looming ‘Insect Armageddon.’

That species loss comes at a price—both literally and figuratively. While the intrinsic value of nature is priceless, economists have estimated that nature also contributes trillions of dollars  to the global economy each year, in the form of ecosystem services – natural processes like pollination and the provision of water. We know, for instance, that 75 percent of global food crops rely on pollination; that forests filter and store 40 percent of the water for the world’s largest urban areas; and coastal habitats like coral reefs and mangroves buffer us from floods and storms while also absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Beyond these essential services, other cultural and physical aspects of our relationship to nature, although less easy to quantify, are arguably just as important to our quality of life.

PROTECT THE BEST—BUT ALSO MANAGE THE REST

Climate breakdown is already making it clear that the future of human development depends on rethinking our relationship with the natural world. The biodiversity crisis further reinforces the need for urgency. The Nature Conservancy (TNC) is part of a global effort to preserve the world’s remaining wild and near-natural habitats, with the goal of protecting 30 percent of the planet by 2030. But it’s not enough to simply create more protected areas on land and at sea—we also need to address the root causes of biodiversity loss.

The biggest direct drivers causing this steep decline are massive land-use changes, climate change, pollution, resource use and exploitation, and invasive species. Agricultural expansion in the past fifty years has resulted in the degradation of intact forests, especially in the tropics, but cities and roads have also encroached upon natural landscapes. Marine ecosystems, meanwhile, are in a dire state from the cumulative impacts of overfishing, pollution, and climate-related drivers like ocean warming, acidification and deoxygenation.

ESPIRITU SANTO ISLAND A sea lion hunts in Los Islotes in Espiritu Santo Island in La Paz Bay, Baja California Sur, Mexico © Alfredo Martinez Fernandez/TNC Photo Contest 2019

Addressing these issues means fundamentally changing the way we manage humanity’s footprint on land and sea. We can—and must—grow more food through regenerative agricultural practices that seek to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and protect soil and biodiversity. In addition to halting deforestation and other habitat conversion, we can better manage working forests in ways that preserve as many species as possible without sacrificing sustainable production. In areas that have already been degraded, we must restore and regenerate forests and other landscapes. Degraded lands also offer opportunities to site infrastructure in ways that meet human needs with minimal impact to nature.

At sea, we need to better manage fisheries, create safe havens in the ocean, and build resilience along our coasts. One bright spot: a new agreement for biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (more than 200 nautical miles from shore) aims to protect the world’s high seas. The agreement should be completed during the fourth and final round of talks in spring 2020.


INVEST IN SUSTAINABLE PATHWAYS

Make no mistake: achieving all this within the timescales required to avert ecological catastrophe will require massive and transformative changes in our global economies and financial systems. For example, the hundreds of billions of dollars in public subsidies currently directed towards the agriculture sector, originally intended to make food cheaper and more plentiful, have hidden costs for both nature and human health by too often effectively incentivizing unsustainable farming practices and unhealthy eating. Such funds should ideally be reallocated in ways that support healthy food production while also benefiting nature.

Rethinking public spending alone isn’t enough, though—we’ll also have to unlock or redirect new sources of funding for nature, including from the private sector. Too often the economic value of the services nature provides—the way forests filter and recharge groundwater, for example—go unrecognized and unvalued. But quantifying these values opens the door to investing directly in nature in ways that can deliver both financial returns and conservation benefits. To start to manage the conservation crisis, we need to be looking for conservation finance solutions that can easily scale to deliver billions of dollars per year, every year.

The Nature Conservancy has pioneered the use of water funds—localized arrangements where urban water users pay into a fund that then invests in conservation and improved agricultural practices in the upper watershed.  Source watersheds provide water for the largest cities on the planet; they represent one third of the Earth’s surface, sustain more than 1.7 billion people and are home to more than 50 percent of the planet’s endangered terrestrial species.

In many cases, these investments in “natural infrastructure” are a more cost-effective way to secure water quality improvements compared with traditional ‘gray infrastructure’ solutions like water filtration plants.  Considering that the world spends around half a trillion dollars a year on water infrastructure, nature can improve the return on that investment by providing cleaner drinking water for hundreds of cities for less.  That’s a multi-billion dollar investment proposition with a negative financial cost.

PORTRAIT OF SAM 'OHUKANI'ŌHI' A GON III Senior Scientist and Cultural Advisor at the Nature Conservancy, Hawai'i Program, Maunawili Falls Trail, Oíahu, Hawai'i © Ian Shive

COMMIT TO NATURE

The year ahead is crucial for tackling these major ecological and systemic threats. In early 2021, when the UN Convention on Biodiversity reconvenes in Kunming, China, 196 national governments will have the opportunity to make an ambitious commitment to biodiversity protection—one that fully recognizes the value of nature across society and government. Momentum is also building through a public voice and a movement creating a demand for nature.



The natural world is not a faraway place: it is our world. Large-scale ecological collapse in such a short period of time has happened just five times in geological history. Historically, however, mass extinctions were caused by catastrophic events like asteroid collisions and volcanos. This time, human activities and the planet’s runaway transformation is happening on our watch.


The good news is that the way forward is in our hands, too—but only if we are willing to make the creative, political and financial decisions necessary today to avoid almost unimaginable consequences in the future. The nature we need is under threat; but it is also profoundly resilient and can regenerate if we work with it instead of against it.  A strong agreement between countries charting a way forward, underpinned with the financial wherewithal to make it stick, would be two credible and necessary steps to change course next year and truly mobilize for nature.

https://www.nature.org/en-us/what-we-do/our-insights/perspectives/biodiversity-crisis-nature-underpins-human-existence/

Agelbert NOTE: As long as the "WE" mentioned above does not include the polluters degrading the biosphere for profit 24/7 AND corrupting our governmetns 24/7 to force we-the-people to PAY THEM "subsidies" so they can make even more money while they poison us, NO credible and necessary steps to change course next year, or any other year, to mobilze for nature, will take place. This is not hard to figure out; If you don't stop a murdering crook, he will murder and steal more, PERIOD.

The 🦕🦖 Hydrocarbon 👹 Hellspawn Fossil Fuelers DID THE Clean Energy Inventions suppressing, Climate Trashing, Government corrupting, human health depleting CRIME. Since they have ALWAYS BEEN liars and conscience free crooks, they are trying to AVOID DOING THE TIME or PAYING THE FINE!  Don't let them get away with it! Pass it on! 
3
Who CAN you trust? / Biodiversity: Nature by Another Name
« Last post by AGelbert on December 01, 2021, 05:40:52 pm »
Agelbert RANT: Beyond the usual wishful thinking about how "solvable" the climate crisis is AND the complete lack of finger pointing at the profit over planet polluters (i.e. NO demands for prosecuting/bankrupting the polluters and NO recommended TEETH for laws and regulations to prevent continued degradation of the biosphere for short term profit) that are TOTALLY (NOT "partially") responsible for Catastrophic Climate Change, this article is based on facts. The problem with stating the biosphere degradation facts resulting from our climate crisis, while studiously ignoring the gigantic elephant in the room FACT that the 😈🦖🐍 humans in charge of the polluter corporations are NOT going to stop as long as they are not prosecuted for their profit over planet ecocide is that we-the-people will accomplsh NADA to stop the ‘Insect Armageddon’ discussed here or any other extinction causing result of Catastrophic Climate Change. Yeah, that is a problem, to put it mildly. What really burns me is how these scientists can harbor the incredibly naive opinion that we can fix this "together" because, uh. we are "all" in this together".

NO, we are NOT all in this together. The polluters have every reason, based on their morally bankrupt ideology, to not care a hoot what happens to most of the biosphere, including the extinction of several high order mammalian vertebrate species, as long as their profit over planet corruption of governments all over the world continues unpunished and unabated. The polluters are morally depraved Social Darwinists. They will, with a straight face, calmly tell you that species have gone extinct since life has "evolved" on this planet and apex predaters like them need not be concerned with ANY species that goes extinct due to pollution from a 😈 profitable "business Model". These moral reprobates actually believe that any species that goes extinct, no matter how important scientists think that species is, "deserves" to go extinct if it went extinct. This is circular thinking insanity in the extreme, but ALL 🦍 Social Darwinsits swear by this irrational rejection of altruistic behavior on behalf of the biosphere in general (and humans they exploit in particular) in order to "justifiy" their wanton degradation of the biosphere for short term profit. They are true believers in technofixes, even if scientists tell them there ain't no technofix for the extinction of a keystone species. ANYTHING that questions their morally bankrupt "might equals right" ideology is rejected.

The problem with too many scientists is that they think of the Climate Crisis as a biological math problem to be solved. rather than a DIRECT CAUSE of the moral depravity of polluters. As long as the climate Crisis is not labelled as  a MORAL CRISIS, asking we-the-people to do our part to save nature, something 90% PLUS of humanity already DOES, will not work BECAUSE LESS than 5% of humanity is doing over 99% of the pollution! It is like these scientists, people who are great at math from the time they were knee high to a grasshopper, deciding to forget how to add and subtract when the blame for worldwide (OVERWHELMINGLY CAUSED BY THE HYDROCARBON "Industry") biosphere degradation needs to be SPECIFICALLY tallied up.

Nature underpins every aspect of human existenceand it is in crisis

KEY TAKEAWAYS

📢 Biodiversity underpins every aspect of life on our planet—but it's currently declining at an unprecedented rate.
֍ To reverse this trend, we must find better ways to manage humanity's footprint on land and sea—and new ways to fund this work.
֍ The year ahead will be crucial, as members of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity reconvene in China in 2021 and early 2022 to agree on a new global framework for protecting nature.

Whether you live in a large coastal city or a small town in the foothills; work in agriculture, engineering or finance; live off the land or consider yourself an urban warrior; whether you consciously realize it or not, we all need nature.


BIODIVERSITY EXPLAINED (3:05) What if all the variety on the planet disappeared? It could happen. Extinctions are happening faster than ever. If we remove too many pieces the health of our environment, food supply, and economies could crumble. But if we can agree to prioritize biodiversity, we can save the planet and ourselves.

This variety of life, the communities they form, and habitats in which they live make up the fabric of life—biodiversity. It underpins planetary health and informs everything down to the taste of a grain, the strand of a cloth and a sip of water, supporting our most basic needs. Yet, nature and wildlife are declining around the world at an unprecedented rate.


THE COST OF LOSING NATURE

The United Nations’ Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) recently warned that we are exploiting nature far more rapidly than it can renew itself, driving extinctions up to 1,000 times faster than the background “natural rate.” The report also spells out that up to one million known species could disappear by 2050. Invertebrates, in particular, are disappearing so quickly that some scientists are warning of a looming ‘Insect Armageddon.’

That species loss comes at a price—both literally and figuratively. While the intrinsic value of nature is priceless, economists have estimated that nature also contributes trillions of dollars  to the global economy each year, in the form of ecosystem services – natural processes like pollination and the provision of water. We know, for instance, that 75 percent of global food crops rely on pollination; that forests filter and store 40 percent of the water for the world’s largest urban areas; and coastal habitats like coral reefs and mangroves buffer us from floods and storms while also absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Beyond these essential services, other cultural and physical aspects of our relationship to nature, although less easy to quantify, are arguably just as important to our quality of life.

PROTECT THE BEST—BUT ALSO MANAGE THE REST

Climate breakdown is already making it clear that the future of human development depends on rethinking our relationship with the natural world. The biodiversity crisis further reinforces the need for urgency. The Nature Conservancy (TNC) is part of a global effort to preserve the world’s remaining wild and near-natural habitats, with the goal of protecting 30 percent of the planet by 2030. But it’s not enough to simply create more protected areas on land and at sea—we also need to address the root causes of biodiversity loss.

The biggest direct drivers causing this steep decline are massive land-use changes, climate change, pollution, resource use and exploitation, and invasive species. Agricultural expansion in the past fifty years has resulted in the degradation of intact forests, especially in the tropics, but cities and roads have also encroached upon natural landscapes. Marine ecosystems, meanwhile, are in a dire state from the cumulative impacts of overfishing, pollution, and climate-related drivers like ocean warming, acidification and deoxygenation.

ESPIRITU SANTO ISLAND A sea lion hunts in Los Islotes in Espiritu Santo Island in La Paz Bay, Baja California Sur, Mexico © Alfredo Martinez Fernandez/TNC Photo Contest 2019

Addressing these issues means fundamentally changing the way we manage humanity’s footprint on land and sea. We can—and must—grow more food through regenerative agricultural practices that seek to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and protect soil and biodiversity. In addition to halting deforestation and other habitat conversion, we can better manage working forests in ways that preserve as many species as possible without sacrificing sustainable production. In areas that have already been degraded, we must restore and regenerate forests and other landscapes. Degraded lands also offer opportunities to site infrastructure in ways that meet human needs with minimal impact to nature.

At sea, we need to better manage fisheries, create safe havens in the ocean, and build resilience along our coasts. One bright spot: a new agreement for biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (more than 200 nautical miles from shore) aims to protect the world’s high seas. The agreement should be completed during the fourth and final round of talks in spring 2020.


INVEST IN SUSTAINABLE PATHWAYS

Make no mistake: achieving all this within the timescales required to avert ecological catastrophe will require massive and transformative changes in our global economies and financial systems. For example, the hundreds of billions of dollars in public subsidies currently directed towards the agriculture sector, originally intended to make food cheaper and more plentiful, have hidden costs for both nature and human health by too often effectively incentivizing unsustainable farming practices and unhealthy eating. Such funds should ideally be reallocated in ways that support healthy food production while also benefiting nature.

Rethinking public spending alone isn’t enough, though—we’ll also have to unlock or redirect new sources of funding for nature, including from the private sector. Too often the economic value of the services nature provides—the way forests filter and recharge groundwater, for example—go unrecognized and unvalued. But quantifying these values opens the door to investing directly in nature in ways that can deliver both financial returns and conservation benefits. To start to manage the conservation crisis, we need to be looking for conservation finance solutions that can easily scale to deliver billions of dollars per year, every year.

The Nature Conservancy has pioneered the use of water funds—localized arrangements where urban water users pay into a fund that then invests in conservation and improved agricultural practices in the upper watershed.  Source watersheds provide water for the largest cities on the planet; they represent one third of the Earth’s surface, sustain more than 1.7 billion people and are home to more than 50 percent of the planet’s endangered terrestrial species.

In many cases, these investments in “natural infrastructure” are a more cost-effective way to secure water quality improvements compared with traditional ‘gray infrastructure’ solutions like water filtration plants.  Considering that the world spends around half a trillion dollars a year on water infrastructure, nature can improve the return on that investment by providing cleaner drinking water for hundreds of cities for less.  That’s a multi-billion dollar investment proposition with a negative financial cost.

PORTRAIT OF SAM 'OHUKANI'ŌHI' A GON III Senior Scientist and Cultural Advisor at the Nature Conservancy, Hawai'i Program, Maunawili Falls Trail, Oíahu, Hawai'i © Ian Shive

COMMIT TO NATURE

The year ahead is crucial for tackling these major ecological and systemic threats. In early 2021, when the UN Convention on Biodiversity reconvenes in Kunming, China, 196 national governments will have the opportunity to make an ambitious commitment to biodiversity protection—one that fully recognizes the value of nature across society and government. Momentum is also building through a public voice and a movement creating a demand for nature.



The natural world is not a faraway place: it is our world. Large-scale ecological collapse in such a short period of time has happened just five times in geological history. Historically, however, mass extinctions were caused by catastrophic events like asteroid collisions and volcanos. This time, human activities and the planet’s runaway transformation is happening on our watch.

The good news is that the way forward is in our hands, too—but only if we are willing to make the creative, political and financial decisions necessary today to avoid almost unimaginable consequences in the future. The nature we need is under threat; but it is also profoundly resilient and can regenerate if we work with it instead of against it.  A strong agreement between countries charting a way forward, underpinned with the financial wherewithal to make it stick, would be two credible and necessary steps to change course next year and truly mobilize for nature.

https://www.nature.org/en-us/what-we-do/our-insights/perspectives/biodiversity-crisis-nature-underpins-human-existence/

Agelbert NOTE: As long as the "WE" mentioned above does not include the polluters degrading the biosphere for profit 24/7 AND corrupting our governmetns 24/7 to force we-the-people to PAY THEM "subsidies" so they can make even more money while they poison us, NO credible and necessary steps to change course next year, or any other year, to mobilze for nature, will take place. This is not hard to figure out; If you don't stop a murdering crook, he will murder and steal more, PERIOD.







5
Fossil Fuel Folly / Re: Fossil Fuel Propaganda Modus Operandi
« Last post by AGelbert on November 30, 2021, 06:24:29 pm »
November 30, 2021


Make Nexus Hot News part of your morning: click here to subscribe.


😈 PR Firms Played Outsized Role In Blocking Climate Action, Study Finds

Top PR firms have played a significant and overlooked role in denying and obfuscating the science of climate change while bolstering the reputations of major polluters, a peer-reviewed study in Climatic Change reveals.

Researchers analyzed more than 2,800 "unique engagements" between PR firms and entities within five groups: the coal, steel and rail sector; the oil and gas industry; the electric utility sector; the renewable energy industry; and the environmental movement.

Utilities and the oil and gas sector hired PR firms the most, and the environmental movement hired PR firms the least. While the fossil fuel industry's denial of climate science, efforts to shift responsibility for climate change to consumers, and obstruction of action to address climate change are well documented, "PR people become these kinds of glue or network builders among all of these different industries, and so their power is outsize[d] in that way," Melissa Aronczyk, a media studies professor at Rutgers University, told E&E. "How else would these different industries kind of speak to each other?" (E&E $, DeSmog)
6


November 26, 2021

Proposed Changes to the Federal EV Tax Credit Passed by the House of Representatives

SNIPPET:

To try and understand and document all of the key proposed revisions, I combed through the Rules Committee text of H.R. 5376: BUILD BACK BETTER ACT from November 3, 2021 (which as far as I know is the version of the BBBA text that the House voted on and passed).

Below is a summary table (download a PDF version) of the proposed changes to the EV tax credit for new 4-wheeled electric vehicles. There are separate provisions for 2 & 3-wheeled EVs, electric bikes, and used 4-wheeled EVs — of which this article will not cover.


Read more:
https://evadoption.com/proposed-changes-to-the-federal-ev-tax-credit-passed-by-the-house-of-representatives/
7
Doomstead Diner / Doomstead Diner
« Last post by AGelbert on November 30, 2021, 05:02:02 pm »

🦉 Agelbert NOTICE: The topic labelled "Doomstead Diner Daily" is being renamed "The Doomstead Diner" because Surly no longer makes daily posts. I have modified some of his posts to reduce large images to a width of "640" (maximum image width for easy reading in this forum), but have not changed the text of his posts, all of which are well researched and worthy of your attention and serious consideration. May God Bless Surly, wherever he is now.
8
Snippets from Page 22 and 23 of 373 pages:

Few of the faithful in St Peter’s on this festival of the apostles realize that over a thousand years ago a decision was made to separate the heads of Peter and Paul from their trunks. Those heads have been kept ever since in St John Lateran which is the pope’s cathedral and the mother-church of Christendom. St John Lateran was also built by Constantine next to the Lateran palace which he bestowed on the Bishop of Rome.

By the ancient laws of Rome and the canons of Catholic theology, it follows that Peter is not really buried in St Peter’s but with Paul in St John Lateran. where the head is, so runs the ancient maxim, there is the place of burial. Even today, pastoral practice considers the head the most important part of the remains. In a case of decapitation or a mangled death, it is the head that is anointed with sacred chrism. ... ...

It is there, strictly speaking, that both apostles are buried together. Since St John Lateran is also ‘the Mother and Head of all the churches in the city and in the world’ it is surely there that the Holy Father should have celebrated mass on the festival of St Peter and St Paul.

There is an over-riding reason why he did not do so.

The pope says mass with Peter’s trunk beneath his feet. Two hundred feet above his head there is something far more important than Peter’s remains: words of the Lord. In letters five feet high, running round the dome, is the most famous of all puns: ‘Tu es petrus, et super hanc petram aedificabo ecclesiam meam, et portae inferi non praevalebunt adversus eam’ - ‘Thou art Peter and upon this Rock I will build my church and the gates of hell will not prevail against it.’

Scholars assume that in the original Aramaic, the pun was perfect: Peter and Rock are both Cepha. This is the text that forms the background of all Pope John Paul’s thinking. Who would doubt that he frequently takes this text, in all humility, for his meditation? This text is the reason why pontiffs now prefer to celebrate the feast of St Peter and St Paul in St Peter’s, rather than in the more obvious place, St John Lateran. For Roman pontiffs claim to be successors not of Peter and Paul but of Peter alone.

The New Testament speaks of Peter as the apostle to the Jews and Paul as apostle to the Gentiles. But in the pope’s mind, Peter was Paul’s superior; Peter had jurisdiction over Paul and the other disciples. This authority was given Peter by the Lord himself in those words circling the great dome. It is this supreme authority that he, John Paul II, has inherited. Why is it, his Holiness must wonder, that Protestants cannot be logical? Jesus, the Son of God, gave Peter supremacy over the church; this supremacy must remain in the church as a permanent office; he, John Paul, is the present holder of this office.

There is, however, another interpretation of this text with a better pedigree than most Catholics realize. It may jolt them to hear that the great Fathers of the church saw no connection between it and the pope. Not one of them applies ‘Thou art Peter’ to anyone but Peter.

One after another they analyse it: Cyprian, Origen, Cyril, Hilary, Jerome, Ambrose, Augustine. They are not exactly Protestants. Not one of them calls the Bishop of Rome a Rock or applies to him specifically the promise of the Keys. This is as staggering to Catholics as if they were to find no mention in the Fathers of the Holy Spirit or the resurrection of the dead. The great pun, the play on words, was applied exclusively to Peter.

The surprises do not stop there. For the Fathers, it is Peter’s faith - or the Lord in whom Peter has faith - which is called the Rock, not Peter. All the Councils of the church from Nicaea in the fourth century to Constance in the fifteenth agree that Christ himself is the only foundation of the church, that is, the Rock on which the church rests.

Read More: 👀


9
General Discussion / Deepest Earthquake Ever Found Was Thought to Be Impossible
« Last post by AGelbert on November 29, 2021, 06:31:37 pm »
Deepest Earthquake Ever Found Was Thought to Be Impossible


158,170 views Nov 21, 2021

Anton Petrov 930K subscribers

Good telescope that I've used to learn the basics: https://amzn.to/35r1jAk
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Hello and welcome! My name is Anton and in this video, we will talk about a discovery of the deepest earthquake on our planet and the explanation behind this unusual phenomenon
Links:
https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.c...
https://glowy-earthquakes.glitch.me/
https://twitter.com/nicolaraluk
https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquak...
https://www.hinet.bosai.go.jp/

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10
General Discussion / The Beauty of a 💧 Drop of Water Rolling down a 🍃 Leaf
« Last post by AGelbert on November 29, 2021, 04:43:01 pm »
The Beauty of a 💧 Drop of Water Rolling down a 🍃 Leaf's Waxy Surface
Pages: [1] 2 3 ... 10

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