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Topic Summary

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 19, 2018, 06:10:56 pm »

Climate Lab Book

Trends in extremes

February 19, 2018 extremes, observations

Ed Hawkins

About Ed Hawkins - Climate scientist in the National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS) at the University of Reading. IPCC AR5 Contributing Author. Can be found on twitter too: @ed_hawkins


Guest post by Geert Jan van Oldenborgh

The obvious first-order hypothesis is that warm extremes are getting warmer and cold extremes less cold. Severe precipitation tends to increase due to the higher moisture content of warmer air. Sea level rise simply heightens storms urges. Other extremes do not have as obvious first-order trends.

Figure 1. Trend in the temperature of the warmest day of the year as a multiple of the global mean temperature rise. Source: NOAA/NCEI/GHCN-D stations with at least 50 years of data via the KNMI Climate Explorer.

Full article:


Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 16, 2018, 09:20:17 pm »

February 15, 2018

Climate Change Costs Insurance Companies Billions, And Price is Rising

Insurance claims due to climate change-related disasters reached a record $135 billion in 2017. That should be a big wake-up call to the insurance industry, says Carbon Tracker CEO Anthony Hobley

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 15, 2018, 02:53:32 pm »

Huge Antarctic iceberg exposes mysterious marine ecosystem hidden beneath the ice for 120,000 years



Last year, one of the largest icebergs in history broke off broke off from the Larsen C ice. The massive 2,200-square-mile iceberg called A-68 has exposed an ecosystem that has been hidden beneath the ice for thousands of years.

Now, a diverse team made up of scientists from nine research institutes around the world is urgently traveling to the area where the iceberg calved to probe the seabed before it’s too late.

A daring expedition and lifeforms removed from time

The researchers are supposed to leave from the Falkland Islands to the calving site on 21 February, where they will spend three weeks until March 2018 on board the research ship RRS James Clark Ross.

The A-68 iceberg is one of the largest ever observed on Earth. It’s about as big as the state of Delaware and holds four times more ice than what gets melted from Greenland’s ice sheet in a year. Scientists had been preparing for A-68’s split from Larsen C for months before the calving, ever since they witnessed a crack in the ice shelf extending over 100 miles in length.

Full article:

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 14, 2018, 08:49:07 pm »

Watch How Easily This Gas 🦖 Tanker >:( Just Crossed the Melting Arctic

Yessenia Funes February 13, 2018

article with video:

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 13, 2018, 07:07:19 pm »

Visualizing a Warmer World: 10 Maps of Climate Vulnerability

by Stefanie Tye Stefanie Tye, Emily Nilson and Lauretta Burke - February 07, 2018

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 13, 2018, 02:55:22 pm »

Sea level rise is accelerating, could lead to twice as much sea level rise by 2100 than previously expected



A study using satellite data found that not only are sea levels rising — but the rate is accelerating.

Sea levels might be rising two times faster than we thought, a new study suggests.

Steve Nerem, a professor of aerospace engineering sciences at the University of Colorado-Boulder and lead author on the paper, analyzed 25 years of satellite data to calculate how fast sea levels are rising as a result of climate change. He found that sea levels are currently growing by 3 mm/year, but this isn’t a steady growth. The rate is accelerating by 0.08 mm/year every year. It might not seem like much, but it picks up year after year and in the long-term, it can end up making a big difference.

“This acceleration, driven mainly by accelerated melting in Greenland and Antarctica, has the potential to double the total sea level rise by 2100 as compared to projections that assume a constant rate–to more than 60 cm instead of about 30,” said Nerem.

He also says that his models are extremely conservative, as he didn’t consider any major events such as the collapse of important ice sheets or accelerating global warming. This means that in reality, we can probably expect sea levels to grow even more than his predictions.

Full article:


Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 12, 2018, 11:47:30 pm »

AND, we have Accelerating radiative forcing, not fixed radiative forcing.  :P

The Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 8.5 or worse is what we are ON.

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 11, 2018, 10:03:17 pm »

From the looks of the Arctic ice cover, we will probably see the first ice free summer in 2018 (and a lot of starved to death polar bears  :( ).


Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 10, 2018, 08:48:53 pm »

Weather Bomb

Posted on February 7, 2018, by Radio Ecoshock
Following another record year of “natural” catastrophes, Canadian climate scientist and You tube activist Paul Beckwith works over our tenuous situation with host Alex Smith. Radio Ecoshock 180207

Has the weather gone off the rails? Are we falling off a climate cliff already? To find out what is going on, I’m calling up our regular scientist correspondent Paul Beckwith. He’s got a Masters Degree. He taught climate science at two Universities. Now Paul is educating the world with his many climate videos.

Listen to or download this Radio Ecoshock show in CD Quality (57 MB) or Lo-Fi (14 MB)

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 09, 2018, 08:02:44 pm »

The Big Wobble 🌏 Headlines: Quick Read

Extreme Weather
Jan 2018 Alaska highest temperature ever at 67 deg F Minnesota minus 40 deg F deemed colder than Mars NOAA January warmer than Average

Hurricanes and cyclones
Remnants of Tropical Cyclone Fehi batter New Zealand with 160 kmh winds turning wheelie bins into "missiles" with King tides causing flooding


Our Sun awakes: Another monster brewing on our Sun! Sunspot AR2699 doubles its size to more than 100,000 km across: X-Class flare potential?

Volcano Activity
Only 29 "confirmed" eruptions were recorded in 2017 the lowest count this century mirroring the lowest major quake total! A little weird?

M 6.4 - 21km NNE of Hualian is the 2nd major quake to hit Taiwan in 24 hours and the 13 major quake to hit the Pacific Ring Of Fire this year

Asian markets join global stock plunge along with London Frankfurt and Paris all falling sharply after Dow plummeted by record points Monday

Climate Change
4 million people will be allowed just two-and-a-half buckets of water per person per day as Zero-Day looms and Cape Town's water runs dry

Just five days after falling off his bike, little eight-year-old Liam Flanagan dies from deadly Flesh-eating bacteria in Portland US

Social breakdown on paradise! Holidaymakers in Jamaica warned not to leave their resorts as state of emergency declared after murders

Social breakdown on paradise! Holidaymakers in Jamaica warned not to leave their resorts as state of emergency declared after murders

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 08, 2018, 09:17:39 pm »


February 6, 2018

Exxon 🦖 Tells Investors Not to Worry About Climate Change, But Should They?

Exxon 🦀  released a climate impact analysis that says global policies to combat climate change pose "little risk"  to its investments .  But the attitude of investors toward climate risk is rapidly changing as fossil fuels lose their monopoly over energy generation, say Carbon Tracker CEO Anthony Hobley .

 Agelbert NOTE: If you did not know that fully 78% of the electricity generated from coal power plants in the USA must be subsidized by we-the-people (NOT counting the socialized COST, hidden in plain sight, subsidy of lung damaging pollution and climate change) BECAUSE they CANNOT run at a profit, then you should watch this video interview.

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 07, 2018, 05:13:46 pm »

Scientist suddenly tells all about Climate Change in 2018

Climate State

Published on Feb 6, 2018

Dr. Jim White from the University of Colorado, on climate change, January 2018. Human activities are summarized in this recent lecture.


Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 06, 2018, 06:14:40 pm »

Today’s human beings, and above all Big Oil executives like Rex Tillerson 🦖
 and their willing allies like Trump 🦀, are the equivalent of the Clover Comet in their impact 💥 on the earth.

FeB 05, 2018J UAN COLE

Did a Comet Strike Trigger a Recent Ice Age?


It has long puzzled scientists that the gradual ending of the last glacial maximum or ice age beginning about 20,000 before present, extending into the 13,000s, was interrupted in the 12,000s by another short period, of 1,200 years, of ice age. When that one receded, the earth became and remained relatively warm, so that there were no ice sheets on e.g. Europe as there were during the glacial maximum (Britain was uninhabited for some 9,000 years, with 3 miles of ice on top of it, as though it were Antarctica.) The warming may have been caused by the release of CO2 from the Southern Ocean.

Full article:     

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 05, 2018, 05:56:42 pm »


While Trump 🦀 Denies, the World Burns 🔥: The State of the Climate in 2018

As that is happening, ocean acidification continues apace. A recent study found that as acidification has accelerated, the shell structure of mussels has changed dramatically. Their shells are becoming much more unorganized and uneven as the crystals used to build them have shrunk and become "disoriented," according to the study.

Monday, February 05, 2018

By Dahr Jamail, Truthout | Report


Earth 🌍 🌎 🌏

A recently published survey by the World Economic Forum showed that for the second year running, dangers stemming from extreme weather events are even more threatening to human existence than weapons of mass destruction. This is primarily because extreme weather events are the likeliest to occur, according to the survey.

A study published in the journal Global Environmental Change found that depression and anxiety are linked to concerns over ACD and the fate of the planet. Symptoms include feelings of loneliness and lethargy, along with restless nights and insomnia. The study noted that the most hard-hit on this front are women and people with low incomes.

Increasingly destructive impacts from ACD could cause one million migrants every year to enter the European Union by 2100, according to a new study published in the journal Science. This means that the number of migrants trying to settle in Europe each year will triple by then -- and this is only based on climate trends, not including other geopolitical factors and economics. Wolfram Schlenker, professor at the school of international and public affairs at Columbia University in New York, and lead author of the study, told The Guardian: "Europe will see increasing numbers of desperate people fleeing their home countries."

A January heat wave in Australia was so intense that more than 400 bats from one colony alone boiled alive in southwest Sydney.

Around the same time that was happening in Australia, Florida's iguanas were freezing and falling out of trees amidst a record-breaking cold snap there.

In Switzerland, trees in the Alps are leafing out earlier than they used to, causing the Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research to worry that the buds sprout too soon and have negative impacts on their development.

Other terrestrial changes are even more dramatic.

Full article:

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 05, 2018, 05:46:56 pm »

Katie McChesney - 350.org <350@350.org> February 5, 2018 5:28 PM

It’s been five days since Fossil Free Fast, and I’m still getting chills thinking about how powerful it was. 💐 🌹 🌺 🌻 🌼 🌷 🌱 🌲 🌳 🌴 🌵 🌾 🌿 🍀 🍁 🍂 🍃 🍄 🌰  

Tens of thousands of you watched from home or gathered at more than 300 watch parties across the country -- from Hilo, Hawaii to Mount Vernon, Iowa to Maryville, Tennessee. Inspiring movement leaders, many fighting on the frontlines of this crisis in places like Puerto Rico and the Gulf Coast, laid out the #ClimateResistance plan for 2018.

But, of course, Fossil Free Fast wasn’t just a powerful event -- it was the beginning of a new chapter for the grassroots movement for climate justice here in the U.S. The momentum we built together on Wednesday was just the beginning. Now, it’s time to get to work.

Watch this wrap-up video capturing some of the most inspiring highlights from Fossil Free Fast -- and share it widely to keep the momentum going as we get ready for what’s next.


Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 04, 2018, 03:59:14 pm »

Modern Life On Planet Earth Is An Ecological Paradox

February 4th, 2018 by Guest Contributor

Originally published on Nexus Media.

By Marlene Cimons


We’re living better, but at what cost?

People who live in developed nations are, by many measures, healthier than ever before. Yet the planet has borne an onslaught of environmental insults — climate change chief among them — unlike any in human history. This alone threatens everyone’s well-being, a conundrum that scientists call the “ecological paradox.” They believe humans 🦍 are forfeiting the health of future generations in order to reap economic gains now.

Full article:  


What it Means to be Responsible - Reflections on Our Responsibility for the Future by Theresa Morris, State University of New York at New Paltz
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 03, 2018, 10:29:48 pm »

We went off the climate rails in 1990 🔥.

Rockström: The Earth System in 2050 - Carbon Law

Climate State

Published on Nov 16, 2017

Johan Rockström from the Stockholm Resilience Centre in Sweden speaks about sustainable development goals. This talk is part of the Impacts World 2017 conference,
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 03, 2018, 09:07:55 pm »

Hot Humid Wedge Slices Through Dark Frigid Arctic


Paul Beckwith

Published on Feb 2, 2018

A large mass of warm humid air from the North Atlantic is driving a wedge (ridge of the jet-stream) into the 24-hour darkness of the Arctic nearby the North Pole, in the dead-of-winter. Frigid Arctic temperatures are brought to above freezing, further stunting sea-ice growth. The low pressure “eyes” of these cyclones reach 951 mb; the same as the recent “weather bomb” of the east coast of the US. I show you the easy-to-use Earth Nullschool tool to track the jet-stream, polar vortex, temperatures, pressures, moisture and clouds.

Please donate a few bucks to feed this video channel work; http://paulbeckwith.net
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: February 02, 2018, 06:47:51 pm »


Amy Harder Feb 1, 2018

Two ships colliding in the night: Fossil fuels 🦖 and climate change 🔥 💧🌊

Two people arguing over a fiery planet Earth (graphic at article link)
Illustration: Rebecca Zisser / Axios

The far left corners of the Democratic party and environmental movement held an event Wednesday night to launch Fossil Free USA, a campaign urging America to transition entirely away from oil, natural gas and coal, with no regard to the reality that the global economy remains heavily dependent on fossil fuels.

That follows Tuesday’s State of the Union speech, where President Trump said America is forging ahead with its fossil-fuel dominance, with no regard to the serious problem of climate change.

My thought bubble: It’s like they’re two ships not passing, but colliding in the night. Trump’s backers say the far left and their alarmist messaging pushes them away from acknowledging climate change, while the far left is fed up with decades of delay and neglect of climate change.

There’s no public dialogue between the two extremes while a quieter middle tries to get something done, to little avail yet. Meanwhile, we keep burning fossil fuels unabated, climate change is getting worse and most people don’t care.

Washington usually operates in black and white political terms, but it’s times like these — rhetoric-rich, substance-poor State of the Union moments — where things crystallize. Energy and climate is one of the biggest policy areas where leaders of both parties have almost no common ground:

Democrats want to do something, but they can’t agree on what. Their response to Trump’s Tuesday address didn’t even mention climate change.

Conservatives are fighting with each other over whether to publicly acknowledge basic climate science. No elected congressional Republicans are advocating doing anything about it.

The upshot: Congress hasn’t passed a standalone energy bill in more than a decade, it’s never passed a climate bill and there isn’t any policy on the immediate horizon. A stubborn trend underlies this. Climate change ranks as the second-to-last priority among nearly 20 by respondents in this Pew Research poll released a couple weeks ago. It’s also the most polarized issue.

The bottom line: Extreme partisanship + very low voter priority = perfect recipe for deep political stalemate, which is what we have here. 

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: January 31, 2018, 07:20:40 pm »

January 31, 2018

Trump's 🦀 Economic Nationalism: Who's (🐉🦕🦖)  It Good For?

Are big tax cuts and a soaring stock market good for working people? Paul Jay hosts a discussion with Robert Pollin, Stephanie Kelton, and James Henry

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: January 31, 2018, 03:21:16 pm »

We have an Entrenched Fascism problem in the USA. It will destroy this country and possibly irreparably damage a significant portion of the biosphere. It's too late to avoid a LOT of damage, but it may not be too late to avoid human extinction.

The IMMORAL, mammon worshipping, predatory, profit over people and planet, empathy deficit disordered, criminally insane "business model" of the Fossil Fuel Industry is the KEY to the embrace of Fascism by the BASTARDS who used the money from polluting energy products to corrupt our government to the murdering horror it has now become.

"The fossil fuel industry swallows up $5.3 trillion a year worldwide in hidden costs to keep burning fossil fuels, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
This money, the IMF noted, is in addition to the $492 billion in direct subsidies offered by governments around the world through write-offs and write-downs and land-use loopholes.

In a sane world these subsidies would be invested to free us from the deadly effects of carbon emissions caused by fossil fuels, but we do not live in a sane world. "  -- Chris Hedges

The Useful Idiocy of Donald Trump

The relentless and suicidal drive to accumulate greater and greater wealth by destroying the systems that sustain life is idolatry. It ignores the biblical injunction that idols always begin by demanding human sacrifice and end by demanding self-sacrifice. The elites are not only building our funeral pyre, they are building their own.


By Chris Hedges Columnist

Chris Hedges is a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, New York Times best selling author, former professor at Princeton University, activist and ordained Presbyterian minister. He has written 11 books,…


Trump, who has no inclination or ability to govern, has handed the machinery of government over to the bankers, corporate executives, right-wing think tanks, intelligence chiefs and generals. They are eradicating the few regulations and laws that inhibited a naked kleptocracy. They are dynamiting the institutions, including the State Department, that served interests other than corporate profit and are stacking the courts with right-wing, corporate-controlled ideologues. Trump provides the daily entertainment; the elites handle the business of looting, exploiting and destroying.

Once democratic institutions are hollowed out, a process begun before the election of Trump, despotism is inevitable. The press is shackled. Corruption and theft take place on a massive scale. The rights and needs of citizens are irrelevant. Dissent is criminalized. Militarized police monitor, seize and detain Americans without probable cause. The rituals of democracy become farce. This is the road we are traveling. It is a road that leads to internal collapse and tyranny, and we are very far down it.

The elites’ moral and intellectual vacuum produced Trump. They too are con artists. They are slicker than he at selling the lies and more adept at disguising their greed through absurd ideologies such as neoliberalism and globalization, but they belong to the same criminal class and share many of the pathologies that characterize Trump. The grotesque visage of Trump is the true face of politicians such as George W. Bush, Bill and Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama. The Clintons and Obama, unlike Bush and Trump, are self-aware and therefore cynical, but all lack a moral compass. As Michael Wolff writes in “Fire and Fury: Inside the Trump White House,” the president has “no scruples.” He lives “outside the rules” and is “contemptuous of them.” And this makes him identical to those he has replaced, not different. “A close Trump friend who was also a good Bill Clinton friend found them eerily similar—except that Clinton had a respectable front and Trump did not,” Wolff writes.

Trump, backed by the most retrograde elements of corporate capitalism, including Robert and Rebekah Mercer, Sheldon Adelson and Carl Icahn, is the fool who prances at the front of our death march .

Full article:


The Fossil Fuelers DID THE Clean Energy  Inventions suppressing, Climate Trashing, human health depleting CRIME,   but since they have ALWAYS BEEN liars and conscience free crooks, they are trying to AVOID   DOING THE TIME or     PAYING THE FINE!     Don't let them get away with it! Pass it on!   

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: January 29, 2018, 07:04:20 pm »

Posted by Sam Carana at 5:52 PM


2017 was hottest 💥 year on record

The year 2017 was the hottest year on record, as the image below illustrates.

When determining which year was the hottest year, care should be taken to avoid bias due to temporary conditions such as the El Niño that was present in 2016 and the La Niña we're now experiencing now. Above image uses NASA land+ocean January 2012-December 2017 anomalies from 1951-1980, adjusted by 0.59°C to cater for the rise from preindustrial to 1951-1980, to calculate a linear trend that goes some way to smooth out variability due to El Niño/La Niña events. The trend shows that 2017 was significantly warmer than 2016.

The trend also shows that 1.5°C above preindustrial was crossed back in 2016. This 1.5°C (or 2.7°F) was set at the Paris Agreement as a guardrail that was not to be crossed. The trend further shows that we've meanwhile crossed 1.6°C above preindustrial and we look set to cross the 2°C guardrail within years.

Global warming has crossed 1.5°C / 2.7°F above preindustrial and looks set to cross 2°C / 3.6°F soon. Due to accelerating warming in the Arctic, that could happen within one or two years time, i.e. much faster than the trendlines below may suggest.

Indeed, warming in the Arctic is taking place much faster than elsewhere, and the difference is accelerating. There's a huge danger that accelerating warming in the Arctic will speed up feedbacks such as:

֍ • huge amounts of methane getting released from the seafloor of the Arctic Ocean;

֍ melting of sea ice and permafrost causing more sunlight to get absorbed in the Arctic, as less sunlight gets reflected back into space;

֍ changes to jet streams causing more extreme weather, in turn resulting in more emissions, such as due to wildfires;

֍ and more.

In conclusion, feedbacks could speed up global warming by much more than what may be suggested by above trends that look only at surface temperature of the atmosphere and that are based on previous data when such feedbacks had yet to become manifest.

Add up the impact of all warming elements and, as an earlier analysis shows, the rise in mean global temperatures from preindustrial could be more than 10°C in a matter of years, as illustrated by the image below, which shows a much steeper rise.

Particularly devastating feedbacks could result from changes regarding heat and carbon dioxide taken up by oceans. Oceans now take up 93.4% of global warming, as illustrated by the image below.

As said, when looking at surface temperatures of the atmosphere, there will be bias due to El Niño/La Niña events. One way to smooth out such bias is by calculating trendlines over many years. Another way to compensate for such bias is to also look at ocean heat. In terms of ocean heat, the year 2017 stands at the top, as the left panel of above image illustrates. In 2016, El Niño caused relatively more heat to be present in the atmosphere and less in oceans, whereas the opposite occurred in 2017, contributing to the fact that in 2017 a record amount of ocean heat was recorded. Occurrence of El Niño/La Niña events over the years is visualized by the image below.

One danger is that, in future, there will be more impact by El Niño events and less by La Niña events. A recent study concludes that as temperatures rise due to emissions by people, the frequency, magnitude and duration of strong El Niño events will increase.

In addition to higher temperature peaks due to El Niño events, more heat could remain in the atmosphere as the rise in temperature in general causes greater ocean stratification, making that less heat gets absorbed by oceans, as discussed in several earlier posts. The image below depicts this feedback and further feedbacks mentioned above. Feedbacks are described in more detail at the feedbacks page.

The situation is further illustrated by the danger assessment below.

[ Danger Assessment, from earlier post ] 

Meanwhile, the Global Carbon Project projects a growth of 2% for the 2017 global carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels and industry (including cement production), compared to 2016 levels, as illustrated by image below. 

The situation is dire 🔥 and calls for comprehensive and effective action as described in the Climate Plan.


֍ Climate Plan

֍ Warming is accelerating

֍ The Arctic is changing the Jet Stream - Why This Is Important

֍ 10°C or 18°F warmer by 2021?

֍ Abrupt Warming - How Much And How Fast?

֍ Feedbacks

֍ Extinction

֍ Methane Erupting From Arctic Ocean Seafloor

֍ Warning of mass extinction of species, including humans, within one decade
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: January 28, 2018, 11:10:24 pm »

Jet Stream Love Affair with Stratospheric Polar Vortex

Paul Beckwith

Published on Jan 24, 2018

Human experience with weather is all within the lower atmosphere (troposphere). Above this is the stratosphere, where the protective ozone layer resides. Near the borderline (tropopause) jet streams (aka Rossby Waves or Tropospheric Polar Vortices) circumvent the planet, dividing cold dry polar air from hot moist equatorial derived air, and guiding storms. Much less well known is the Stratospheric Polar Vortex that crucially interacts with the jet streams affecting surface weather, and vice versa.

Upper and Lower Atmospheric Polar Vortices: It takes TWO to TANGO

Published on Jan 25, 2018

As jet streams circle the Earth dictating weather patterns and becoming slower and wavier from climate change, they are more often thrust upwards by mountains and land/ocean temperature differences.  This causes Sudden Stratospheric Warming, and can split and/or displace the Stratospheric Polar Vortex. This in turn, feeds back to amplify/fracture/slow the Rossby Waves and increase the severity/frequency/duration and location of extreme weather events and overall climate mayhem.
———- ———-

Please consider donating to support my work.  I put a lot of time and effort into researching, studying and producing my videos so that you can learn how quickly our world is changing.

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: January 26, 2018, 08:55:38 pm »


United States of Climate Change ⚡🔥 💧🌊

January 2018

To engage in a debate about the reality of climate change is to deny that there is a remarkably wide — and sincere — consensus among those who study the subject most intently. The basic mechanism of climate change was described in 1896, and while the climate system is wickedly complicated, humans’ understanding of climate change and the factors which might alter or mitigate it has only grown over the past century.

This project will not debate the science of climate change. (For those who might like to detour into the science, there are some excellent resources
here and here.)

Instead, this project will focus on telling stories.

Americans are already feeling the impacts of climate change. We’re feeling it in raised temperatures and unusual weather patterns, true, but also in things like a shifting economic landscape and coastal regions that seem to be altering by the moment.

We’re going to tell a story for every state in the nation. We’re going to talk to people. We’re going to take pictures and shoot video and report. We’re going to investigate. We’re going to see how individuals, communities and businesses are responding to the changes that are already happening in America, and how they’re preparing for the changes that have yet to occur.

Join us as we examine how this country is experiencing, reacting to and preparing for climate change.

Kevin Hayes, Executive Editor
Patty Cox, Executive Editor
Greg Gilderman, Editor in Chief
Neil Katz, Head of Global Content and Engagement

Must read and view Weather Channel series:

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: January 26, 2018, 07:22:30 pm »

The 2017 Hurricane Season  Officially Rewrote the Record Books

Brian Kahn

January 26, 2018 2:24pm Filed to: 2018 HURRICANE SEASON 🌪 CANT BE THIS BAD RIGHT?   

Even before they made landfall, 2017's major hurricanes—Harvey, Maria and Irma—were already causing billions in damage. A new update from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) makes clear just how costly this trio of terrors will end up being, estimating that all three storms clock in among the top 5 most expensive hurricanes to ever hit the U.S.

According to the NOAA official list of billion-dollar hurricanes, Harvey tied with 2005's Hurricane Katrina for the most costly on record, coming in with an estimated $125 billion price tag. The damage was largely tied to the storm’s record-setting rains which swamped Houston, the fourth-most populous city in the U.S. Just over five feet of rain fell on the metro area over six days in August, turning the city into a Venetian-looking disaster.

More than 300,000 structures and 500,000 cars were drowned in the floodwaters. Scientists have shown that the rains, which were dubbed a 1-in-a-1,000 year event, were driven to such extremes in part by climate change.

When adjusted for inflation, Katrina edges Harvey as the most costly storm in U.S. history, but NOAA researchers are still wading through the data to pin down the exact damage total for the storm. The $125 billion number is the best estimate, but the range is anywhere from $90 to $160 billion. NOAA hurricane forecaster Eric Blake told Earther there’s a 10 percent chance Harvey could eventually claim the title of costliest storm with the next official data update coming in April.

Coming in at an estimated $90 billion, Maria is the third-most expensive storm in U.S. history, but it holds the dubious distinction of being the most expensive non-mainland storm. Prior to Maria, the most costly non-mainland hurricane was 1998's Georges, which cost a comparatively paltry $3.5 billion.

Both Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands are still struggling to recover from the storm under the weight of crushing debt, a slow and shady relief response, and struggles to get a firm, equitable plan for long-term recovery in place. Hundreds have already died, there are concerns about a murder surge and unsafe drinking water in some places.

Sandwiched between these two storms, it feels like Irma, which clobbered Florida, barely gets mentioned. In almost any other year, it would’ve been the blockbuster storm to remember but it’s almost become a footnote in 2017's terrifying hurricane season. The storm racked up a $50 billion price tag, making it the fifth-most costly storm.

The story of 2017 is that climate change coupled with a swelling coastal population a disastrous combination.

While hurricane landfall is a crapshoot, the threats associated with hurricanes are definitely changing in a warming world. Extreme rainfall like Harvey’s is becoming more common. Storm surges are getting a devastating lift from sea level rise. The intensity of hurricanes and frequency of the strongest ones like Maria has also increased since the 1980s, a trend expected to continue as the planet warms.

Despite the growing risks, people have flocked to the coasts. Nearly 40 percent of Americans lived in coastal counties according to the 2010 census. That number was expected to rise an additional 8 percent by the time 2020 rolls around.

The huge costs of these storms—and in the case of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, the overwhelmingly inadequate response—shows that we can barely cope with our currently climate, let alone the the future that awaits us. That means we need to more effectively manage stormwater, build resilient electric grid solutions and even consider the uncomfortable truth that we need to retreat from the coasts before we can no longer keep the ocean 🌊 at bay.


Posted by: AGelbert
« on: January 24, 2018, 03:07:57 pm »


Book review: ‘The Fate of Rome: Climate, Disease, and the End of an Empire’

Every empire has an apex, it also has a breaking point from which it spirals-down into insignificance. 


From its founding in 625 BC to its fall in AD 476, the Roman Empire conquered and integrated dozens of cultures. Much has been said about what’s perhaps the most influential state in history. Modern countries owe their language, civil codes, laws, and heritage to the Romans. But although every empire has an apex, it also has a breaking point from which it spirals-down into insignificance.

Animated map showing the rise and decline of the Roman Empire. Legend: red (Roman Republic), purple (Imperial Rome), green (Eastern Roman Empire), blue (Western Roman Empire). Credit: Roke, Wikimedia Commons.

Much has been written about the downfall of the Roman Empire. Many have argued that rampant corruption and too much pressure, due to its phenomenal expanse for an Iron Age state eventually destroyed Rome.

In an impressive scholarly work, Kyle Harper, a professor of classics and letters at the University of Oklahoma, offers a new and refreshing perspective on this topic of major importance. In The Fate of Rome: Climate, Disease, and the End of an Empire, Harper puts nature at the center of Rome’s undoing.

The author argues that the empire’s very strengths — travel, trade, migration — which raised it to such great height also accelerated its demise. All roads lead to Rome, as the saying goes, but along with merchants and provincials from all corners of the empire, they also brought tuberculosis, leprosy, smallpox, plague, and other diseases. Not just once was the empire crippled by pandemics like The Antonine Plague (165-180 AD) which decimated legions and up to 15 percent of the population.

Supported by modern studies which cleverly infer the ancient climate from proxies like sediment cores or tree rings, Harper also makes a solid case that a drier climate during the empire’s later period also contributed significantly to its downfall. Unlike the anomalously favorable climate during the Roman Climate Optimum — some 350 years of unusually warm and moist climate between around 200 BC and AD 150 which helped the empire rise to power — the following centuries came as a wakeup call.

In the third century AD, Rome was struck by drought in the southern Mediterranean, especially Rome’s breadbasket, Egypt. Political upheaval was inevitable, runaway inflation was rampant as coins were debased, and, yet again, plagues ran amok (perhaps even from Ebola, the author argues). For instance, the Justinian plague of AD 541 halved the Eastern Roman Empire’s population.

Pressured by an unkind environment and climate, Rome grew feeble and vulnerable in the face of invaders like Goths, Persians, and Franks, who seized the opportunity and overrun Rome’s weakened borders.

Of course, Harper’s thesis isn’t that the climate and disease are what brought down Rome. The human 🦍 factor 🦖 played a role that was at the very least as important but this book offers a context for an incredibly complex system. In some instances, nature’s force was just enough to tip the scales either in Rome’s favor or to its disadvantage during its history.

And if all of this sounds strikingly familiar, it’s because we’re also living at crossroads. In only 150 years, the globe has warmed by nearly 1 degree Celsius, an unheard of rate in millions of years. If there’s anything we have to learn from Rome, it’s that we should never underestimate nature. But unlike the Romans who were largely ignorant, at the mercy of the gods if you will, we have science. It’s time to act before the downfall of Rome mirrors that of modern civilization.

It has to be mentioned that Harper spared no expense, presenting his thesis in exhaustive detail. Some uninitiated readers might find this daunting but it is my impression that his extremely compelling writing, which is rather rare for a scholarly work, makes up for it. This is certainly not a book you can go through on a rainy afternoon but neither is it boring, to say the least.


Tomorrow is Yesterday
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: January 22, 2018, 08:05:19 pm »

Aerial Photos of Antarctica Reveal the Devastating Toll of Climate Change

🔥 The Great Crack-Up



It’s hard to wreck a continent you can barely get your hands on. Human beings typically do our worst environmental damage in the places we live and work—clear-cutting forests, strip-mining mountains. Antarctica, however, was more or less out of reach. No more.

Climate change has become our species’ great destructive equalizer, leaving no part of the planet safe from the harm we do. In March 2017, the sea ice around both poles reached a record low for that time of year. In July, a 1 trillion–ton iceberg, roughly the size of Delaware, calved off of the Larsen C ice shelf in western Antarctica. The damage to the ice is being done not just from above, as the planet’s air warms, but from below, as its oceans do too.

Full article with pictures and video:

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: January 21, 2018, 06:21:44 pm »

America Is Getting Its First Climate Change Museum

Here’s Why That’s Such a Great Thing

Climate change can no longer be debated. Despite what skeptics still say, climate change is not a concept that is happening in the far-off arctic tundra or distant future. The effects of climate change are happening here and now.

Between drastic temperature fluxes, extreme drought, water scarcity, storms larger and more destructive than any others witnessed before, and even species extinction, climate change is wreaking havoc on the planet. 16 of the 17 warmest years on record have occurred since 2001, altering the start time of seasons and forcing species to change their ranges.

But for those of us who reside in big cities such as New York or another metropolis, seeing the impact of climate change in our everyday life can be difficult. How can environmentalists help others in dense communities see that climate change also impacts them? That’s exactly where The Climate Change museum comes in.

The Climate Museum is dedicated to bringing art, science and climate advocacy to the masses. As the first museum devoted solely to climate change in America, the museum was created by Miranda Massie, a former lawyer and now the Founder and Director of the progressive museum. A permanent home for the museum is still a few years away, but they recently launched their first pop-up exhibition in New York City that aims to bring art and science to the masses.

For the month of January, the Climate Museum will feature the Antarctic portrait by artist Zaria Forman. The portrait will be featured alongside a video of Forman drawing it by hand.

“It’s so realistic but so human. “It connects our human experience with nature in a palpable way,” Amanda Nesci, who handles communications for the Climate Museum told Mind Body Green.

The pop-up exhibition will also feature the work of environmental artist, Peggy Weil. Her digital installation will show 110,000 years of history to show how humans have affected the earth’s Greenland ice sheet.

By using public events, panels, and celebrations in New York City, the Climate Museum aims to bring people together and move forward with solutions on climate change.

Forman and Weil’s art urge us to make the connection between our everyday actions and their impact on the planet. With 850 million people visiting American museums per year (more than all major league sports arenas and the top 20 amusement parks combined), the impact of The Climate Museum shouldn’t go unnoticed. According to The Climate Museum’s website, the permanent exhibit will be able to accommodate one million visitors per year. But why is that such a big deal, exactly?

Climate change is not the only factor that threatens biodiversity on the planet – plastic pollution, deforestation, overfishing, and the illegal wildlife trade are all pulling us, inexorably, towards a sixth mass extinction. But changes in climate happen on a larger scale than the rest. The earth’s ecosystems are the product of billions of years of evolution and because of this, slight temperature changes over short periods of time can have catastrophic consequences for plants and animals.

Thanks to the awareness being raised by organizations such as The Climate Museum as well as dedicated environmentalists around the world, we have the power to reverse, or at least slow down climate change.
Ways You Can Help Starting Today

Cutting your personal carbon footprint is the surest way to minimize the amount of warming greenhouse gas emissions entering the atmosphere. While you can do many little things like shutting off lights when you leave your house, choosing to walk instead of drive and switching over to energy efficient appliances – there is one simple action that often goes overlooked that has the highest positive impact: choosing plant-based foods over meat and dairy.

Animal agriculture is responsible for more greenhouse gas emissions than the entire transportation sector combined. In addition, this industry occupies 45 percent of arable land, uses 23 percent of global freshwater resources, and is responsible for rampant deforestation, water, and air pollution. By shifting away from meat and dairy products and choosing plant-based alternatives instead, you can help lower this rate of destruction. In just one year of eating plant-based, you can halve your carbon footprint – that’s pretty powerful!

With the wealth of available plant-based options available, it has never been easier to eat with the planet in mind. If you’re ready to start doing this in your own life, check out One Green Planet’s #EatForThePlanet campaign.

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: January 20, 2018, 03:08:10 pm »

A Year of Donald Trump in the White House

By Adam Gopnik

Liberal democracy is good. Authoritarian nationalism is bad. That's the premise of the country. It's the principle that a lot of people died for. Americans never need to apologize for the continuing absolutism of their belief in it.

True. But, IMHO, the main issue here is the willful lack of critical thinking in American society. The big picture involving the ideal this country was founded on is, and always has been, a target for those that see through the soaring rhetoric of the Founding Fathers to the oligarchic seeds they consciously and deliberately planted.

We no longer should admire pretty words unless they have action to back them up.

Our biosphere in general, and our species in particular, are both in a LOT of life threatening trouble. THAT is the main issue we must concentrate on and address because, anyone as evil and stupid as Trump, who deliberately attacks the reality of that threat by doing everything to increase the danger, must be stopped AND imprisoned if we are to have a snowball's chance in hell of getting out of this mess.

The people in power, and those benefiting economically from the Stock Market Bubble, which is a DIRECT consequence of the corruption of the people in power, do not have a clue what critical thinking is. 🐒

Successfully dealing with the titanic problem we have requires clear eyed critical thinking.

The products of sound critical thinking such as empathy, humility, introspection, remorse, recognition of wrong and a willingness to make restitution for the past and continued wrongs, basically have been erased from the minds of most Americans.

Americans do not like guilt. I don't know anybody that does. But pretending we have nothing to apologize for is not helping.

We need to stop normalizing immoral behavior. We need to stop the right wingers from demonizing moral behavior by calling it "immoral behavior". Liberals need to claim the MORAL HIGH GROUND the right wingers deviously stole from us. Liberals need to stop pretending everybody can just do whatever the hell they want.

Immoral behavior will exist as long as humans exist. But, NORMALIZING immoral behavior by calling it "moral", as the fascists do, is destroying human society, PERIOD.

If we do not stop being stupid, money worshipping idiots and instead start imprisoning the stupid, money worshipping idiots, we will perish.
King James Bible Proverbs 21:11
When the scorner is punished, the simple is made wise: and when the wise is instructed, he receiveth knowledge.

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: January 16, 2018, 05:30:01 pm »


Australia offers money to scientists to save the Great Barrier Reef  ::)


Coral bleaching in the Great Barrier Reef. Image credits: Acropora.

The Great Barrier Reef is the largest living organism in the world at 2,300 kilometers (1,400 miles) long. Coral reefs are important because they house about 25% of marine life. However, coral bleaching and other stressors, such as pollution and a very hungry starfish, have left the reef battered and at risk of dying completely. Consecutive bleaching events in the past two years haven’t given it any chance to recover.

Bleaching occurs when the water is too warm; the corals then expel their symbiotic algae, known as zooxanthellae. These algae supply the coral with food via photosynthesis and give them their color — so when they’re kicked out the coral turns white, or bleaches. The algae can return when the waters cool and the corals can then rebuild and recover in 15 to 25 years. Unfortunately, they haven’t had any chance to do so. The situation is so grim that the reefs and tourism associated with it could die by 2050.

The Australian government is trying a last-ditch effort to save its underwater monument. It is offering money to scientists with solutions. AUS$2.0 million (US$1.6 million) are on the table.

“The scale of the problem is big and big thinking is needed, but it’s important to remember that solutions can come from anywhere,” said Environment Minister Josh Frydenberg. “Solutions could focus on anything from reducing the exposure of corals to physical stressors, to boosting coral regeneration rates by cultivating reef-building coral larvae that attract other important marine species.”

Several proposals will be chosen for an initial testing round; it can last up to 6 months and use AUS$250,000. A further AUS$1 million will be made available to the best solutions, so applicants can develop and test their prototypes for up to 12 months.

Last year, researchers from Southern Cross University collected coral spawn and eggs. They grew them into larvae and then transplanted them into a damaged reef. Eight months later, the coral had survived and grown, suggesting that this approach could be viable in other reefs.

However, the truth of the matter is that global warming is the main problem that is threatening the reefs. There can perhaps be short-term solutions to bide time but the only long-term solution is to reduce  CO2 emissions and curb the global temperature increases.


Agelbert NOTE: I do not think there is enough money in the entire world to slow, never mind stop or reverse, the biosphere damage that is already baked in for about a century.

Only a Capitalist (i.e. a Mammon worshipping fool) would entertain the wishful thinking that money can save the Great Barrier Reef. It's over; the fossil fuel industry killed it. Capitalism helped A LOT!

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