+- +-

+-User

Welcome, Guest.
Please login or register.
 
 
 
Forgot your password?

+-Stats ezBlock

Members
Total Members: 39
Latest: robbrogers
New This Month: 0
New This Week: 0
New Today: 0
Stats
Total Posts: 7997
Total Topics: 220
Most Online Today: 3
Most Online Ever: 48
(June 03, 2014, 03:09:30 am)
Users Online
Members: 1
Guests: 0
Total: 1

Post reply

Warning - while you were reading 33 new replies have been posted. You may wish to review your post.
Name:
Email:
Subject:
Message icon:

Attach:
Help (Clear Attachment)
(more attachments)
Allowed file types: doc, gif, jpg, jpeg, mpg, pdf, png, txt, zip, rar, csv, xls, xlsx, docx
Restrictions: 4 per post, maximum total size 1024KB, maximum individual size 512KB
Verification:

shortcuts: hit alt+s to submit/post or alt+p to preview


Topic Summary

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: October 20, 2017, 04:23:32 pm »

India’s Largest Generator Achieves First-ever 100 Million kWh Solar Generation In A Month  ;DOctober 20th, 2017 by Saurabh Mahapatra

India’s largest power generator NTPC Limited achieved a unique feat that signals the company’s direction in the future. The company reported over 100 million kilowatt-hours (kWh) of solar power generation in a month for the first time ever, achieved in August 2017.

According to the Central Electricity Authority (CEA), solar power plants owned by NTPC across the country generated a total of 103 million kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity in August 2017. This was a 14.4% increase from the electricity generated in July 2017. India’s total solar power generation between July and August 2017, on the other hand, increased by a measly 0.3%.



he small increase in India’s total solar power generation between July and August 2017 could be explained by the heavy rainfall in the southern region where a large majority of the country’s solar power capacity is installed. The same is reflected in NTPC’s own generation in the southern region. Solar power generation from NTPC projects in 2017 in the southern region has declined from a high of 41 million kilowatt-hours in March to 32 million kilowatt-hours in August.

NTPC’s solar power generation during the first 8 months of 2017 was 657 million kilowatt-hours, up 237% compared to the generation during the same period in 2016. In comparison, India’s total solar power generation increased 87%, from 6,977 million kilowatt-hours to 13,020 million kilowatt-hours during the first 8 months.

The southern region remains the largest contributors to NTPC’s total solar power generation. During the first 8 months, the company’s solar power projects in the southern region generated 298 million kilowatt-hours, representing a share of 45%; this was closely followed by projects in the northern region where the total generation was 230 million kilowatt-hours, or 35% of the company’s total generation.

NTPC owns some of the largest solar power parks in the country in the southern states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Karnataka. At 103 million kilowatt-hours in August 2017, NTPC’s solar power generation is more than that of the entire eastern region and north-eastern region; this signifies the size of NTPC’s solar power portfolio which it plans to increase to 15 gigawatts  :o  ;D over the next few years.

https://cleantechnica.com/2017/10/20/indias-largest-generator-achieves-first-ever-100-million-kwh-solar-generation-month/


Posted by: AGelbert
« on: October 18, 2017, 02:08:48 pm »

Q&A with early rail-less mounting manufacturer Solar Clam-P

By Kelly Pickerel | October 16, 2017

Mounting manufacturer Solar Clam-P got its start in 2011 after taking on the mission to provide solar systems that both contractors and DIYers could easily install. As one of the first rail-less manufacturers, Solar Clam-P also has a line of optimizer/microinverter panel clamp, skirts and junction box mounting plates–all available in 6,000 custom color options. We caught up with the company’s CEO and founder Sam Park to see what the company has been up to in the last six years.

Solar Power World: What is Solar Clam-P’s company history?

Sam Park: Solar Clam-P’s origins date back to pre-UL 2703 times in 2010, when the Obama Administration started a workforce development program to help train solar installers in Philadelphia. It was during that class that the idea of a universal non-frame, integrated solar panel mounting system was conceptualized. While working on various rail-based mounting systems in that class, I realized there had to be a more efficient way to install solar panels. And so… Solar Clam-P was born.

SPW: Where is your manufacturing location?

Park: Our main headquarters is located in the far northeast section of Philadelphia. Over the years, through product design and partnerships with certain companies, we have been able to streamline our manufacturing process while minimizing labor costs, and at the same time increase production to meet larger demands.

Our main objective was really simple, efficient manufacturing. Produce the best product, at the lowest cost and accomplish it all from my home garage. There are only a few companies in the world that manufacture and sell the complete non-frame, integrated rail-less mounting system, and no one has been doing it longer than Solar Clam-P.

SPW: What products do you manufacture?

Park: Solar Clam-P is the original manufacturer of non-frame, integrated rail-less mounting systems and microinverter mounts. [I believe] every rail-less system and microinverter mount that is currently on the market is based off of Solar Clam-P’s designs. Our components comprise of mounting hardware for all types of solar modules, all microinverter/optimizers models and accessories for all existing solar systems. We are currently working with another company for conduit pipe supports, and for cable management we use stainless steel cable clips.

SPW: Who are your customers?

Park: Our customer-base ranges from DIY homeowners, residential, commercial, utility installers and distributors. We sell to the United States, Canada and South America but have panels installed across the world.

SPW: In such a competitive market, how does Solar Clam-P stand out from other mounting manufacturers?

Park: Solar Clam-P is a manufacturer of high-quality, premium solar panel mounting hardware, but at a price lower than the typical rail. The O Clam-P series is the only true universal microinverter Clam-P that can mount both single and double slotted microinverters. We can mount any microinverter in the world. 


SPW: Why do custom colors?

Park: I know the whole concept of custom colors is ahead of its time, but it’s all about customization. People want to customize or personalize everything, and solar is no exception. For installers, when you are competing against three or four other estimates, it’s a good way to separate yourself from other installers and offer something unique.

We are about to start offering a terra cotta-colored skirt, which is ideal for places like Las Vegas, where all the homes have Spanish tiles. Instead of a typical black array skirt, you can have a transition piece that matches the color of your roof, which will help blend the solar array into the house.

SPW: How is your flashing different?

Park: There are a few types of flashing—below the bracket, above the bracket or a sealant. A flashing that is “below the bracket” means the flashing goes under a shingle, but the mounting bracket sits on top of the flashing with the bolt head exposed and is dependent on rubber to seal. Some companies use a butyl sheet, or micro flashing, in which no flashing goes under a roof shingle and is basically dependent on the sealant.

Solar Clam-P’s flashing is an “above the bracket” flashing. It is a flashing that goes under a roof shingle and covers the mounting bracket, with no bolt head exposed. It is designed to protect the penetration hole through 25 years of harsh weather, without depending on any rubber or sealant.

SPW: What can we expect from Solar Clam-P in the next few years?

Park: We plan on continuing to design and manufacture new and innovative products but plan to expand into different sectors. We can’t disclose what new products we have coming up, but it is not limited to just residential solar. You can expect Solar Clam-P to keep pushing the boundaries of solar.

Article photos:

https://www.solarpowerworldonline.com/2017/10/qa-early-rail-less-mounting-manufacturer-solar-clam-p/
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: October 18, 2017, 01:47:40 pm »

World’s largest solar tracking system on a roof now complete at Chiquita facility

By Kelsey Misbrener | October 11, 2017

Edisun Microgrids, a solar technology company created at leading technology incubator Idealab, and West Hills Construction, a fourth-generation family owned design/build general construction firm, today announced a strategic partnership to develop up to 20 MW of commercial and industrial rooftop solar projects utilizing Edisun’s rooftop tracking technology, PV Booster. The first project developed under this partnership is a 1-MW solar array installed on 368,000 sq. ft of a 528,000-sq. ft cold storage industrial building in Oxnard, Calif. The project utilizes more than 2,900 trackers, making it the world’s largest rooftop tracker installation. This installation is financed and owned by Harry Ross Industries (HRI), the owner of the building. The solar power generated by the PV Booster installation will benefit HRI’s tenant, Chiquita Brands International.

Solar provides significant economic benefit to commercial and industrial (C&I) building owners by leveraging a property’s roof to increase net operating income, while, in many states like California, also avoiding an incremental increase in property tax.  PV Booster is the only dual-axis rooftop solar tracker specifically designed to meet the needs of C&I building owners and solar developers. By tracking the sun throughout the day, PV Booster increases energy production by 30 percent and enhances project economics by 20 percent when compared to conventional fixed-tilt installations. In addition, PV Booster’s safe, reliable operation over the lifetime of the system, significantly accelerates return on investment. 

“The West Hills team is dedicated to finding and implementing technologies that meet our impeccable standards for craftsmanship while improving our customers’ bottom lines,” said Rusty Wood, vice president, West Hills Construction, Inc. “Over the last decade we have explored numerous solutions that promise to optimize rooftop solar at the commercial and industrial scale. PV Booster is the only technology actually able to accomplish this objective, and we’re excited to share it with our customers.”

“We are longtime supporters of solar energy, both for its environmental and economic benefits,” said Robert Ross, managing partner, Harry Ross Industries. “The addition of PV Booster technology to our Oxnard facility made sense for a number of reasons, in particular because it required less investment to get the same output as a stationary system. It’s also vitally important to HRI that we provide the most environmentally friendly facilities to our tenants. We are confident that we’ve accomplished this mission by deploying Edisun’s cutting edge technology.”

“From responsible water management to the adoption of renewable energy, environmental stewardship has been a key pillar of the Chiquita business for decades,” said Andrew Biles, president and chief executive officer, Chiquita Brands International. “Going solar at our Oxnard facility helps us directly achieve our corporate sustainability goals, and meaningfully strengthens our leadership position among environmentally conscious global organizations.”

PV Booster is the first and only rooftop solar tracker to meet the needs of C&I building owners and solar developers. Its breakthrough innovation is that it solves many challenges that historically prevented trackers from being deployed on C&l rooftops, including, most importantly, the wind. Through its unique, low profile, high strength design, PV Booster renders the wind a non-issue. The product features flexible layout design options, minimal weight per square foot, and fast and easy installation and Operations & Maintenance, while also meeting strict safety standards.

“Partnering with a visionary company such as West Hills, which has built more than 10 million square feet of real estate and is an expert in construction and solar installation, is the first of many exciting growth milestones for Edisun,” said Bill Gross, chief executive officer, Edisun Microgrids, Inc. and founder, Idealab. “PV Booster’s technology fundamentally improves the economics of rooftop solar for developers, installers, building owners, and tenants, which aligns with our core mission to revolutionize the economics of solar. We believe this increase in the value of solar projects, such as Chiquita’s Oxnard installation, will be the catalyst for the widespread adoption of solar in the C&I sector.”

Project commissioning is expected in Fall 2017.

Photo of this sytem on the roof at link: 

https://www.solarpowerworldonline.com/2017/10/edisun-microgrids-west-hills-construction-chiquita/
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: October 17, 2017, 11:15:59 pm »



Lancaster (California) Is “Solar Power Capital Of The Universe”

October 16th, 2017 by Steve Hanley

SNIPPET 1:

Lancaster, California, produces more solar power per capita than any other city in the state. Devastated by the recession of 2009, when unemployment rose to 17%, the city has made its commitment to solar the basis of its economic rebirth. Today it is home to the BYD truck and bus factory, which just finished an expansion that tripled its original size.



SNIPPET 2:

“The revolution is here,” he says. “And I’m a good little Republican, a right-wing fiscal conservative, but when it comes to making decisions based on facts, that’s what we do. How is anybody going to compete with wind and solar?” he asks.

When the city started considering its options for long-term electricity in 2015, coal was simply too expensive and natural gas providers were only willing to lock in prices for 7 years. Wind farm suppliers, though, were willing to make a 25 year commitment. Now city residents pay about 25% less for their electricity than they did before. 


Full article:

https://cleantechnica.com/2017/10/16/lancaster-california-solar-power-capitol-universe/

Agelbert Note: BYD is making ELECTRIC vehicles.  ;D
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: October 11, 2017, 02:00:12 pm »


Planned Global Solar Manufacturing Capacity Expansions In First Half Of 2017 Bigger Than Expected  ;D

October 11th, 2017 by Joshua S Hill

MONEY QUOTE:

Quote
“The first half of 2017 has produced the second (Q2) and fourth (Q1) largest amount of capacity expansion announcements in the history of the solar industry, ...   

Full article with reality based graphs:

https://cleantechnica.com/2017/10/11/first-half-planned-global-solar-manufacturing-capacity-expansions-bigger-expected/
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: October 04, 2017, 10:41:52 pm »

Hurricane Maria Windfield at 11:00 AM September 20, 2017


How solar energy
saved a Puerto Rican farm
from Hurricane Maria

Hugh Bronstein, Gabriel Stargardter


Hector Santiago, a horticulturist, waters plants at his nursery that is powered by solar energy, after Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico in Barranquitas, south of San Juan, Puerto Rico, October 3, 2017. REUTERS/Gabriel Stargardters (photo a article link)

BARRANQUITAS, Puerto Rico (Reuters) - While his competitors wait for diesel to restart generators knocked out by Hurricane Maria, flower grower Hector Santiago is already back in business because of solar panels powering his 40-acre (16.2-hectare) nursery in central Puerto Rico.

The U.S. territory is in a near blackout, its electricity grid shredded by the storm that slammed into the island on Sept 20. But Santiago’s decorative plant and poinsettia nursery, set amid the jagged peaks of the Barranquitas farming area, has kept working thanks to the $300,000 he invested in 244 solar panels six years ago.

“Everybody told me I was crazy because it was so expensive. Now I have power and they don‘t,” said Santiago, whose flowers are sold in Puerto Rico, at outlets like Costco, and throughout the Caribbean.

While Santiago’s nursery was considerably damaged during the storm, many plants were destroyed and the roofs of some greenhouses blew off, he was able to regroup quickly, with electricity to keep pumping water from his two wells.

On Tuesday, as U.S. President Donald Trump surveyed damage elsewhere on Puerto Rico, some of the nursery’s 19 employees were busy repotting damaged plants and cleaning up.

SOLAR OPPORTUNITY

Santiago’s experience has left him hoping that Puerto Rico will begin relying more on solar power and other renewable energy as it looks to fix its damaged grid. That view has gained traction among some Puerto Rican politicians, though it is probably unlikely in the short run given the need to restore power as quickly as possible.

The experience of people like Santiago could drive more individuals and businesses to invest in solar power. Henry Pichardo, who runs a solar installation firm in the city of Bayamon, thinks the storm could drive up his business 20 percent a year. He said he has been inundated with enquiries since the hurricane hit.

“People are going to become more conscious of how they are living, and invest more in solar,” he said.

Santiago’s business requires a high amount of energy. From May through August, he lights his greenhouses with a total of 2,520 electric bulbs from 10 pm to 2 am to stimulate plant growth.

Until Maria, Santiago sold excess electricity generated by his six by three foot wide panels back to Puerto Rico’s now-defunct grid. In the storm, however, 25 percent of the panels were damaged by flying debris.

Still, he said, that was enough to keep the power on, and the nursery did not “have to worry about trees falling on the power lines.”

Reporting by Hugh Bronstein and Gabriel Stargardter; Editing by Sue Horton and Grant McCool
Our Standards:The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.


http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-puertorico-solar/how-solar-energy-saved-a-puerto-rican-farm-from-hurricane-maria-idUSKCN1C90CG
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: October 04, 2017, 06:53:37 pm »

http://www.dailyimpact.net/2017/09/19/resilience-is-illegal-in-florida/

* Agelbert NOTE: There is an OFF GRID work around for the solar panel with micro-inverters that require grid power.  ;D Tom Lewis correctly takes Floridians to task for their stupid fascist laws and the stupidity of a government not allowed to talk about the in-your-face climate change destroying their state, but he forgot to mention that solar panels with individual micro-inverters are far more efficient than a system with a single large inverter because large inverters reduce the output from the ENTIRE system of panels when a SINGLE panel is in partial or complete shade. Micro-inverters reduce power only from the shaded panel while the others are getting the maximum into your battery and/or appliances.

Finally, there is no way in God's good Earth that the Republican Fossil fuel and Nuclear power defending government of Florida is going to be able to enforce the "law" requiring that you not throw that switch.  ;D

VERY SOON, ANOTHER hurricane (see NHC web site) is headed to Florida, this time near the Capital of Tallahassee (God must have heard Tom Lewis.    ) . Let's see how many people avoid "throwing that switch" when they ain't got no juice from the grid. They HAVE to throw the switch to isolate house power from the grid or some workman on a pole restoring power after the storm will be fried to death. Therefore, the Florida polluter welfare queen defending "law" is unenforceable in a court of law.

The solution is to set up a parallel off grid network in your house tasked to run things directly off the battery but maintain a nominal grid connection.  The monthly charge for a grid connection is small and it's a good work around.

  


Posted by: AGelbert
« on: October 04, 2017, 06:43:26 pm »

 

Solar leads the charge in another record year for renewables  

International Energy Agency

Renewables 2017

Boosted by a strong solar PV market, renewables accounted for almost two-thirds of net new power capacity around the world in 2016, with almost 165 gigawatts (GW) coming online. This was another record year, largely as a result of booming solar PV deployment in China and around the world, driven by sharp cost reductions and policy support.

Last year, new solar PV capacity around the world grew by 50%  :o , reaching over 74 GW, with China accounting for almost half of this expansion. For the first time, solar PV additions rose faster than any other fuel, surpassing the net growth in coal.


Full article with more great graphics: 


http://www.iea.org/renewables/

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: October 04, 2017, 03:04:27 pm »

Resilience is Illegal in Florida  >:(

By Tom Lewis | September 19, 2017 | Energy

Let’s say you live in Florida. Yes, I know, that requires us to assume you are pretty oblivious to the rising seas and corrosive stupidity assailing the state from every direction, but let’s just say you live in Florida. No offense.

You’re smart enough to know that life in Hurricane Alley could get difficult, and you live after all in the Sunshine State, so you installed solar panels on your roof, enough to run your house, just in case. Now, we just assumed you were dense enough to choose to live in Florida , so let’s assume, on the other side of the ledger, that you are smart enough to have avoided some of the major pitfalls of the rooftop solar business.   

Number one, you avoided the trap of the new solar panels with the built-in inverters. Designed for and marketed to the accountants among us, who see solar panels primarily as a way to reduce power bills, these new-age solar panels save you the trouble of buying and installing a separate inverter to bump the output from 12 volts — what the panels produce — to 120 volts — what most things in your house require.

You didn’t do that because it gradually dawned on you — they never tell you this up front that the panels require power from the grid to run the inverters. Know what that means? In a power outage, your new solar panels are useless.* When the grid is down, your panels will churn out tons of 12 volt current that you can’t use because you can’t plug your panels into the grid. Now, because you’re smart about these things, you didn’t buy the new solar panels. To you, saving a few bucks by selling your excess solar-panel output to the power company is not as important as saving your butt in an emergency.

Okay, so far so good. But this is where you run into Florida Power and Light(FPL), the state’s monopolistic and avaricious electric utility company. Snag #1: If you install more than 10 kilowatts worth of solar panels, you must pay FPL up to $1,000 for the privilege. Not for the panels, not for anything but the privilege. Why? Because they can.

Snag #2:  You are not going to be allowed to go off the grid. Even if you have installed enough solar power to run your house  and you want to do it, you are required by law to connect your system to the grid. And you have to pay a monthly fee for that privilege, too.

If you are getting the impression that FPL regulates Florida state government, and not the other way around, you’re getting the right picture. FPL made more than a billion dollars in profits last year, and that’s after spending millions to induce lawmakers to hobble solar panel owners. 

(That’s not all the lobbyists do, of course. After Hurricane Wilma killed the power to 75 per cent of FPL’s customers, the state government girded it legislative loins and insisted that the utility do better next time. The lobbyists put out all the fires with assurances that FPL had “hardened” the grid against hurricane damage and would do much better next time. Next time was Wilma. This time, 90 per cent of FPL’s customers lost power. )

So let’s say you’re one of them, but this time it’s different for you. You’ve spent over $30,000 on a solar system, and your roof is generating all the power you need. You have a switch that disconnects your system from the grid and allows you to use the power you are making while the grid is down.

Snag #3, aka The Big One: You are prohibited by law from throwing that switch.  That’s right. The law, written by FPL, requires you to install the switch and forbids you to use it. The rationale is that you might accidentally back-feed the grid and shock a lineman. You live in Florida, after all, and might not be able to distinguish between the label that says “ON” and the one that says “OFF.”

This is the state that will not permit anyone in government to use the words “climate change,” and that ignores the rising seas that are intruding at high tide into the streets of Miami Beach, Coral Gables, and countless coastal developments.

And you live in this state?

http://www.dailyimpact.net/2017/09/19/resilience-is-illegal-in-florida/

* Agelbert NOTE: There is an OFF GRID work around for the solar panel with micro-inverters that require grid power.  ;D Tom Lewis correctly takes Floridians to task for their stupid fascist laws and the stupidity of a government not allowed to talk about the in-your-face climate change destroying their state, but he forgot to mention that solar panels with individual micro-inverters are far more efficient than a system with a single large inverter because large inverters reduce the output from the ENTIRE system of panels when a SINGLE panel is in partial or complete shade. Micro-inverters reduce power only from the shaded panel while the others are getting the maximum into your battery and/or appliances.

Finally, there is no way in God's good Earth that the Republican Fossil fuel and Nuclear power defending government of Florida is going to be able to enforce the "law" requiring that you not throw that switch.  ;D



VERY SOON, ANOTHER hurricane (see NHC web site) is headed to Florida, this time near the Capital of Tallahassee (God must have heard Tom Lewis.    ) . Let's see how many people avoid "throwing that switch" when they ain't got no juice from the grid. They HAVE to throw the switch to isolate house power from the grid or some workman on a pole restoring power after the storm will be fried to death. Therefore, the Florida polluter welfare queen defending "law" is unenforceable in a court of law.

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: September 20, 2017, 04:52:45 pm »

 

After the Hurricane, Solar Kept Florida Homes and a City's Traffic Lights Running

By using energy storage with solar panels, some homeowners were able to go off-grid, showing how distributed power could speed future storm recovery.   

BY LYNDSEY GILPIN, INSIDECLIMATE NEWS

SEP 15, 2017

SNIPPET:

Unlike large swaths of Florida that were facing days if not weeks without electricity, Pereira knew he would have power when the sun rose. He had installed rooftop solar panels two weeks before the storm, along with an inverter that allows him to use power from the solar panels without being connected to the grid. The next morning, he plugged an extension cord into the inverter, flipped it on, and let his 7-kilowatt rooftop solar array do the rest. He was able to use his appliances and his Wi-Fi, so he could continue his work as a home-based IT consultant while the neighborhood waited for grid power to came back on.

"We didn't have sun at all the day after the hurricane, but even with clouds, it was enough," he said. 

Hurricane Irma cut the power to about 6.7 million customers across Florida, as well as hundreds of thousands in Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. Only about two-thirds of those in Florida had power back by Thursday, and Florida Power & Light said the outages could last weeks in some areas.

full article;

https://insideclimatenews.org/news/15092017/after-hurricane-irma-solar-florida-homes-power-gird-out-city-traffic-lights-running

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: September 01, 2017, 02:21:44 pm »

Tesla Starts Production of Solar Cells in Buffalo  

THE ASSOCIATED PRESS (DEE-ANN DURBIN)

August 31, 2017, 2:27 PM ADT August 31, 2017, 3:33 PM ADT

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-08-31/tesla-starts-production-of-solar-cells-in-buffalo
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: August 31, 2017, 12:19:34 pm »

The SmartFlower: The world's first all-in-one plug and play PV system harvests 40% MORE ENERGY than fixed PV panels.       
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: August 08, 2017, 12:28:20 pm »

Chinese Government Confirms 24.4 Gigawatts Worth Of New Solar In H1’17 

August 8th, 2017 by Joshua S Hill

China’s National Energy Administration last Friday confirmed previous reports that the country had installed a mammoth total of 24.4 GW worth of new solar across the first half of 2017, up from 22 GW in the first half of 2015 and only 7.7 GW in the first half of 2015.

Last month we reported that the China PV Industry Association (CPIA), the country’s solar PV association, had published figures that showed China had installed 24.4 GW (gigawatts) of new solar across the first half of 2017. That included as much as 16 or 17 GW in the second quarter, well up on the 7.21 GW that was installed in the first quarter of the year.

Now, figures released by China’s National Energy Administration (NEA) confirm July’s preliminary figures, highlighting a 9% year-over-year growth for the country’s solar deployment. Amazingly, June ran away with phenomenal numbers, seeing 13.5 GW added — over half of the total for the first half of the year.

The total 24.4 GW was broken out as 17.29 GW worth of utility-scale solar and 7.11 GW worth of distributed solar.

Analysis from the Asia Europe Clean Energy Advisory (AECEA) found that three provinces were responsible for over half of all rooftop solar deployment — the Anhui province with 1.38 GW, the Zhejiang province with 1.25 GW, and the Shandong province with 1.23 GW.

This bring’s China’s cumulative capacity up to 101.82 GW, while the country’s solar curtailment has fallen significantly, down 4.5% year-over-year to 37 billion kWh as of June 30. Specific regions are not fairing as well as the national average, however, with curtailment of up to 26% curtailment in the province of Xinjiang, and 22% in the province of Gansu.

Analysts further expect that China will surpass 2016’s record-breaking installation figure of 34.2 GW, due in part to national policies driving speedy completion of projects. Further, Mercom Capital Group explains that “demand in China going into second half is a lot stronger due to the 5.5 GW Top Runner Program, which carries a deadline of September 30, 2017, and the Poverty Alleviation program (all year).”

Looking beyond 2017, the NEA last month provided guidance through to 2020 for its solar installation expectations, expecting cumulative installations to reach between 190 GW and 200 GW at the end of the country’s 13th Five Year Plan. Analysts suggest that total cumulative installed solar might actually go higher than that, considering that the new guidance doesn’t include distributed solar PV totals and poverty alleviation project targets, which means it could go as high as 230 GW by 2020.

https://cleantechnica.com/2017/08/08/china-government-confirms-24-4-gw-worth-new-solar-1h17/
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: July 24, 2017, 07:00:24 pm »

Here's Why There Are Twice as Many Solar Jobs as Coal Jobs


The solar energy revolution just keeps getting stronger. Last year, 130,000 people worked as solar installers, while only 51,000 people worked in coal mining. What caused such a drastic shift, and what does it mean for the future?

Check out this enlightening video from Vox to see the most important factors—the ones politicians don't talk about when they talk about bringing back coal jobs.


https://www.ecowatch.com/solar-jobs-2453782953.html
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: July 22, 2017, 02:16:36 pm »

Elon Musk Tells Governors About Solar Power & US Gigafactories

July 19th, 2017 by Steve Hanley

SNIPPET:

Quote
Solar In The US

Elon Musk at NGA“If you wanted to power the entire U.S. with solar panels, it would take a fairly small corner of Nevada or Texas or Utah. You only need about 100 miles by 100 miles of solar panels to power the entire United States.”

Of course, some grid storage capability would need to be included. Musk has an answer for that, too. “The batteries you need to store the energy, to make sure you have 24/7 power, is 1 mile by 1 mile. One square mile. That’s it.

Why is Musk so high on solar? Because it’s there, it’s free, and it reliable. “People talk about fusion and all that, but the sun is a giant fusion reactor in the sky. It’s really reliable.  

It comes up every day. If it doesn’t, we’ve got bigger problems,” he joked.    

https://cleantechnica.com/2017/07/19/elon-musk-tells-governors-solar-power-us-gigafactories/

Agelbert NOTE: Check out the comments at the link. The educated folks there take the fossil fueler troll naysayers apart piece by piece.

Also, some great stats on earth's land area and use, along with some excellent solar panel appliications for preventing evaporation of hydroelectric power dam surface water are mentioned. Enjoy!


https://cleantechnica.com/2017/07/19/elon-musk-tells-governors-solar-power-us-gigafactories/



At $200/sqmeter that is 4 trillion for the PV, at $500/KWHr of battery that is 8 trillion for the battery, at a billion dollars per 200km of transmission of 2GW and 2.5 trillion for transmission lines for a grand total of 12.5 trillion dollars. With an average net weighted life time of 30 years (shorter for battery and longer for transmission lines) and 3% interest rate we get 750 billion dollars per year not including local distribution. Or about $7000 per worker per year. This does not include transport fuels, home heating, industrial energy use. About a factor of three for all that give $21000 per worker per year for US energy from solar.

 


Have you entirely lost your mind? Listen, Einstein, before you start crunching your incredibly inaccurate numbers for Renewable Energy solar and battery backup powered US grid, I suggest you LOOK INTO the MTBF of EVERY internal combustion engine out there NOW that moves people, things and provides power for and power backup for the grid and hospitals.

After you find out the GARGATUAN amount of money that costs NOW to operate, maintain and replace those polluting PIGS (never mind the HORRENDOUS Social Costs of Carbon that SHORT TERM PROFIT STUPIDITY is DUMPING on we-the-people that INCREASES MASSIVELY our health care cost, LOWERS work attendance (i.e. PRODUCTIVITY) and generally makes it MORE COSTLY to grow crops), THEN we can talk about comparing numbers.

There is only one thing I can say about your ridiculous number mumbo jumbo, straw grasping attempt to deride the Renewable Energy solution (SEE BELOW):


Unlike Edpell  , who can only sound the Death knell,
objective people know better.  

Agelbert NOTE: Edpell, DO NOT comment unless, and until, you have completely read the following post (see below). I will delete your post if you do. I will delete your post if you try to pump more unsubstantiated disinformation bullshit on this thread. Have a nice day, Fossil Fuel defending TROLL.


100% Clean, Renewable Energy Is Possible    — Setting The Record Straight

July 22nd, 2017 by Karl Burkart


SNIPPET:

Since 2009, Mark Jacobson, Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Stanford University and Senior Fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment and Precourt Institute for Energy, and more than 85 coauthors have written a series of peer-reviewed journal articles evaluating the scientific, engineering, and economic potential of transitioning the world’s energy infrastructures to 100% clean, renewable wind, water, and solar (WWS) power for all purposes by 2050, namely electricity, transportation, heating, cooling, and industrial energy uses.

These papers have helped to shift the global conversation around the possibility of completely decarbonizing the world’s energy sector through renewables. They have helped to motivate a wave of 100% renewable energy commitments by over 100 cities and subnational governments, including 35 cities in North America, 100 large international companies, and 48 countries. California, the world’s 6th largest economy, just announced its 100% by 2045 renewable target and proposed U.S. House Resolution HR540, U.S. Senate Resolution SR 632, and U.S. Senate Bill S.987 calling for the United States to go to 100% clean, renewable energy by 2050.


Full article:

https://cleantechnica.com/2017/07/22/100-clean-renewable-energy-possible-setting-record-straight/
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: July 22, 2017, 12:27:13 pm »

Elon Musk Tells Governors About Solar Power & US Gigafactories

July 19th, 2017 by Steve Hanley

SNIPPET:

Quote
Solar In The US

Elon Musk at NGA“If you wanted to power the entire U.S. with solar panels, it would take a fairly small corner of Nevada or Texas or Utah. You only need about 100 miles by 100 miles of solar panels to power the entire United States.”

Of course, some grid storage capability would need to be included. Musk has an answer for that, too. “The batteries you need to store the energy, to make sure you have 24/7 power, is 1 mile by 1 mile. One square mile. That’s it.

Why is Musk so high on solar? Because it’s there, it’s free, and it reliable. “People talk about fusion and all that, but the sun is a giant fusion reactor in the sky. It’s really reliable.  

It comes up every day. If it doesn’t, we’ve got bigger problems,” he joked.    

https://cleantechnica.com/2017/07/19/elon-musk-tells-governors-solar-power-us-gigafactories/

Agelbert NOTE: Check out the comments at the link. The educated folks there take the fossil fueler troll naysayers apart piece by piece.

Also, some great stats on earth's land area and use, along with some excellent solar panel appliications for preventing evaporation of hydroelectric power dam surface water are mentioned. Enjoy!


https://cleantechnica.com/2017/07/19/elon-musk-tells-governors-solar-power-us-gigafactories/


Posted by: AGelbert
« on: July 19, 2017, 02:16:34 pm »

Panda-Shaped Solar Power Farm Providing Clean Energy To China
July 18th, 2017 by Steve Hanley


SNIPPET:

China Merchants New Energy Group is one of the largest clean energy companies in China. It is deep into a solar power project that will eventually cover more than 1,500 acres with solar panels. The first phase of construction was completed on June 30 — a 248 acre solar farm that looks like a a giant panda from the air. When complete, several panda-shaped areas will populate the Chinese countryside.
               


https://cleantechnica.com/2017/07/18/panda-shaped-solar-power-farm-providing-clean-energy-china/



Posted by: AGelbert
« on: July 14, 2017, 09:49:56 pm »

Rooftop Solar is Growing Like a Weed, Despite Fossil Fuel Billionaires trying to Crush It


July 14, 2017

Thom talks about the growing interest and support for residential solar power applications, and all the way dirty fossil fuel companies   are trying to stop it that we have to stand up to for a clean, renewable future.
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: July 14, 2017, 02:22:08 pm »

Japan’s Renewable-Energy Revolution

By Sam Hall  and Brian Eckhouse

July 13, 2017, 7:00 PM EDT

GREAT photos!

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/photo-essays/2017-07-13/japan-s-renewable-energy-revolution
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: July 03, 2017, 01:55:48 pm »

"You do not Drill for solar. You do not Mine for solar. You MANUFACTURE SOLAR; THAT CREATES JOBS!"   


Solar power is already saving lives in the US. Here's how 

Updated by David Roberts@drvoxdavid@vox.com  Jul 2, 2017, 9:22am EDT

SNIPPET:


And finally, these are just benefits — no account of the costs of a large-scale shift to solar, which are real.

Okay, with all that said, on to the results! 

1) Benefits of existing solar

Here are the annual benefits of the solar installed in the US to date:


benefits of solar (DOE)

For the chart averse, that's:

Annual reduction of 17 million metric tons of CO2, which is, based on the central estimate of the social cost of carbon, "equivalent to an annual global benefit of $700 million."

Annual reductions of "10,000, 10,300, and 1,200 metric tons of SO2, NOx, and PM2.5, respectively ... which provide annual domestic air quality benefits of $890 million."

Annual water "withdrawal and consumption savings of 294 billion gallons (0.8% of power sector total) and 7.6 billion gallons (0.5% or power sector total), respectively, with much of those savings located in drought-impacted California."

It's worth keeping in mind that the somewhat clinical phrase "domestic air quality benefits" is another way of describing fewer kids having asthma attacks, fewer adults missing workdays, and fewer people dying of respiratory and circulatory ailments.

It's also worth keeping in mind that none of these social benefits are priced into the cost of solar; it is not compensated for its "positive externalities." If it were, it would knock almost 5 cents a kilowatt-hour off the price, which would mean the Sunshot cost target was already achieved.


Agelbert NOTE: Give the subsidies to Renewable energy Technologies, not polluters that are killing us! 


2) Benefits of solar at Sunshot target levels

Here are the benefits of hitting the Sunshot solar penetration targets (again, as compared with a scenario in which no new solar is built):

benefits of sunshot solar (DOE)

For the chart-averse, that's:

A cumulative savings of 10 percent of power sector emissions from 2015 to 2050, which represents a $259 billion global climate benefit.

Reductions in emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) sufficient to secure a cumulative $167 billion worth of avoided health and environmental damages.

Reduction of power sector water withdrawals by 46 trillion gallons (4 percent of total sector withdrawals) and water consumption by 5 trillion gallons (9 percent of total sector consumption). Importantly, water savings are concentrated in arid states.


The climate and pollution benefits together amount to $400 billion between 2015 and 2050, measured in present-value terms and using central estimates.

3) Where the benefits are concentrated

Finally, it's interesting to note that the local benefits of solar vary significantly based on what kind of power it displaces. In places where it pushes aside coal (as opposed to natural gas or even wind), benefits are highest.

I already mentioned that the water-saving benefits of solar are overwhelmingly concentrated in arid California. Here's where the local air quality benefits are concentrated:

solar air quality benefits (DOE)

On the left are the monetized air quality benefits. On the right are the equivalent changes in solar prices if the benefits were included in costs. Looks like the heavily populated Northeastern corridor could use more solar! 



https://www.vox.com/2016/5/19/11711040/sunshot-solar-benefits

Posted by: AGelbert
« on: June 16, 2017, 08:02:56 pm »

Nevada Reinstates Net Metering

Nevada has reinstated a key rooftop solar policy that advocates say will revive the solar industry in the state. Republican Governor Brian Sandoval signed a bill that reinstates net metering yesterday at the Tesla warehouse in Las Vegas. After Nevada did away with net metering in late 2015, the state saw a 32 percent decline in solar installation jobs. 

Solar giants Tesla, Sunrun and Vivint Solar have said they will return to Nevada and expand operations in light of the new policy 
       

http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-solar-nevada-idUSKBN1962IZ
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: June 05, 2017, 04:32:27 pm »

Energy Dept. Pulls The Rug Out From Under Its Own Coal-Friendly Grid Study With Pitch For Wind, Solar   :o ;D

June 5th, 2017 by Tina Casey


full article:

https://cleantechnica.com/2017/06/05/energy-dept-pulls-rug-coal-friendly-grid-study-pitch-wind-solar
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: May 31, 2017, 09:23:28 pm »

Trina IBC Solar Cell Record 'Significant'

May 26, 2017

By Charles Thurston  Freelance Writer

 The 15-MW Sunshine Coast Solar Farm in Valdora powered by Trina Solar panels
         
The recent announcement by Trina Solar that it had reached a new solar conversion efficiency record of 24.13 percent in a Changzhou, China laboratory for an interdigitated back contact (IBC) mono-crystalline silicon cell, is a “significant achievement,” according to a U.S. laboratory analyst.

Quote
“The efficiency is significant given the size of the cell at six inches,” says Abasifreke Ebong, a professor in the Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

The 156 millimeter (mm) ×156 mm solar cell reached a total-area efficiency of 24.13 percent as independently measured by the Japan Electrical Safety & Environment Technology Laboratories (JET).

Trina said that the n-type mono-crystalline silicon solar cell was fabricated on a large-sized phosphorous-doped Cz (cubic zirconia) Silicon substrate with a low-cost industrial IBC process, featuring conventional tube doping technologies and fully screen-printed metallization.

Ebong notes that “the process of fabricating the cell is not outlined, which I believe is still the expensive lithography technology. Also, it is a laboratory demonstration which may take another year or so to implement in production.” The Energy Production and Infrastructure Center (EPIC) at the Charlotte Research Institute campus of UNC Charlotte, is a state-of-the-art research center that conducts applied research.
The technical description of the cell test includes the following: “The champion cell presents the following characteristics: an open-circuit voltage Voc (overclocking) of 702.7mV (millivolt), a short-circuit current density Jsc (short-circuit current density abbreviation) of 42.1 mA/cm2 (milliamps per square centimeter) and a fill factor (FF) of 81.47 percent,” Trina reported.

In April 2016, Trina Solar announced an improved industrial low-cost IBC solar cell with a total-area efficiency of 23.5 percent. Total-area efficiencies are always lower than aperture-efficiencies, due to efficiency losses related to the edges of the cells and electrical contact areas.   
 
In February 2014, Trina Solar and the Australian National University (ANU) jointly announced a world record aperture efficiency of 24.37 percent for a laboratory-scale 4.0 cm2 IBC solar cell, fabricated on a Float Zone (FZ) n-type substrate and using photolithography patterning. In December 2014, Trina Solar announced a 22.94 percent total-area efficiency for an industrial version, large size (156mm x 156mm, 6" substrate) IBC solar cell, the company noted.

"Over the last few years, our R&D team has managed to continuously improve the efficiency of our n-type IBC solar cells, pushing the limits and surpassing our previous records, and approaching very closely to the performance of our best small-area laboratory cell developed in collaboration with ANU three years ago,” said Dr. Pierre Verlinden, Vice-President and Chief Scientist of Trina Solar.

"IBC solar cells are one of the most efficient silicon solar cells available today and are particularly suitable for applications for which the requirement of a high power density is more important than LCOE (Levelized Cost of Electricity). We are very happy to announce today that our industrial large area IBC cell has reached almost the same level of performance as the small-area laboratory cell made three years ago with a photolithography process,” Verlinden added. 


http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/articles/2017/05/trina-ibc-solar-cell-record-significant.html
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: May 28, 2017, 09:00:25 pm »



China Activates World’s Largest Floating Solar Power Plant

May 26th, 2017 by Steve Hanley

SNIPPET:

The panels help to conserve precious freshwater supplies by lowering the amount of evaporation into the surrounding atmosphere  . In return, the water keeps ambient temperatures around the solar panels lower, which helps boost their efficiency and limit long-term heat-induced degradation.

The most interesting thing about the floating solar power plant in Huainan, however, is that the lake supporting it was created by rain after the surrounding land collapsed in a process known as subsidence following intensive coal mining operations over a period of years. Anhui province is rich in coal reserves and has been the source of much of the coal used to power the Chinese economy.

“Sungrow supplied the plant’s central inverter unit, which transforms direct current from the solar panels into an alternating current for delivery to the local power grid,” I Drop News reports. “The manufacturer also supplied a customized combiner box that aggregates power from multiple solar panel arrays and sends it to the central inverter. The combiner box has been specifically designed for floating PV plants and can operate in environments with high humidity and salt spray.

https://cleantechnica.com/2017/05/26/china-activates-worlds-largest-floating-solar-power-plant/

Agelbert Note: Well, will wonders never cease?  ;D Renewable Energy actually benefited from intensive coal mining caused subsidence.  :D
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: May 26, 2017, 02:57:06 pm »



Arizona Utility Buys Solar Power at ‘Historically Low Price’
 

May 25, 2017 By Renewable Energy World Editors
         
Arizona utility Tucson Electric Power (TEP) said this week that it will buy solar energy at a historically low price from a new local system large enough to power 21,000 homes.

The 100-MW solar array and an accompanying 30-MW energy storage system are expected to be in service by the end of 2019. TEP said that, excluding the cost of storage, it will buy the system’s output for 20 years for less than $0.03/kWh — less than half as much as it agreed to pay under similar contracts in recent years.

“This new local system combines cost-effective energy production with cutting edge energy storage, helping us provide sustainable, reliable and affordable service to all of our customers for decades to come,” Carmine Tilghman, senior director of energy supply and renewable energy for TEP, said in a May 22 statement.

An affiliate of NextEra Energy Resources will build, own and operate the system on a site owned by the City of Tucson located inside TEP’s service territory south of the metropolitan area.

NextEra also will build and operate a long-duration battery storage system on the site that will help integrate renewable energy resources into TEP’s local energy grid. The storage system will be capable of providing up to 120 MWh of power. 


http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/articles/2017/05/arizona-utility-buys-solar-power-at-historically-low-price.html
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: May 10, 2017, 01:35:06 pm »



Seraphim Solar Increases Module Production Capacity to 360 MW To Meet Growing PV Demand  
   

May 10, 2017

By Renewable Energy World Editors
 
US-based solar PV module manufacturer, Seraphim Solar , announced last month that it is on target for its planned Phase 2 expansion, which would add 200 MW of manufacturing capacity to its existing 160-MW facility.

In addition, the company said that its high-efficiency, 60-cell solar modules, designed for the residential distributed generation market, are available for purchase in addition to its 72-cell module offering.

The company’s rapid growth rate significantly contributes to the local and national economy, and continues to provide more jobs for Americans, said Seraphim. The company is partnered with the city of Jackson, Mississippi to recruit employees and local companies.

Seraphim Solar’s “Made in the USA” solar modules are expected to meet the strong residential and commercial demand for solar energy. Seraphim said that it is consistently recognized within the highest rankings of the most trusted and most stringent testing organizations in the industry, and is the first module manufacturer to pass TÜV SÜD’s ‘Thresher' test, which was co-developed by the US Department of Energy and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory to measure true long-term performance and safety.

The solar energy industry has a strong outlook for 2017. According to Mercom Capital’s most recent industry overview, Total corporate funding (including venture capital funding, public market and debt financing) into the solar sector in Q1 2017 doubled with $3.2 billion compared to $1.6 billion in Q4 2016. Year-over-year funding in Q1 2017 was about 15 percent higher compared to the $2.8 billion raised in Q1 2016.
 
In addition to large-scale solar, electric generating capacity from small-scale solar systems is increasing. In 2016, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates that the U.S. added 3.4 GW of small-scale solar generating capacity across all three end-use sectors, ending the year with more than 13.1 GW of installed capacity. According to EIA estimates, California, New Jersey, and Massachusetts had the most small-scale solar capacity with 5.4 GW, 1.3 GW, and 1 GW, respectively.

http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/articles/2017/05/seraphim-solar-increases-module-production-capacity-to-360-mw-to-meet-growing-pv-demand.html
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: May 09, 2017, 02:20:51 pm »



New Virginia Law Expands Solar Energy Development Authority to Include Energy Storage
   
May 9, 2017

By Renewable Energy World Editors     solar
 
Virginia Gov. Terry McAuliffe yesterday signed a bill authorizing the expansion of the state’s Solar Energy Development Authority to include energy storage.

The legislation is part of a series of bills signed by McAuliffe that promote wind, solar and energy storage technologies.

SB 1258, introduced by Sen. Adam Ebbin, expands the purpose of the new Solar Energy and Battery Storage Development Authority to include positioning the state as a leader in research, development, commercialization, manufacturing, and deployment of energy storage technology.

The powers of the authority are expanded to include

•Promoting collaborative efforts among Virginia's public and private institutions of higher education in research, development, and commercialization efforts related to energy storage,

•Monitoring relevant developments nationally and globally,

•Identifying and working with the state’s industries and nonprofit partners.

In addition, the measure expands the size of the authority 11 to 15 members.

“Today, I am honored to sign these bills into law, furthering the great work we’re doing to support and promote the clean energy sector across the Commonwealth,” McAuliffe said at the bill signing ceremony, according to the governor’s office. “It is clear that Virginia is moving in the right direction, especially with the recent announcement of record growth in our solar industry, but there is still work to do.  Together, with our partners in the General Assembly and the private sector, I will continue to implement policies that bolster the entire clean energy industry in the Commonwealth.”
 
The governor’s office said that other bills pertaining to renewables that were signed by McAuliffe yesterday include:

•SB 1393, which creates a path for the development of community solar programs in the service territories of Appalachian Power Company (ApCo), Dominion, and the Electric Cooperatives.  Each utility will develop its own territory-specific program that allows citizens and businesses the ability to “subscribe” to receive electricity generated by a small centrally-located solar generation system.

•SB 1394 and HB 2303, which are identical bills, create a Small Agricultural Generators Program — a new framework for the generation of renewable energy at agricultural facilities and how that energy can be sold to utilities.

•SB 1395 increases the allowable maximum size of renewable projects to be eligible to be permitted through the state’s Permit by Rule (PBR) process from 100 MW to 125 MW.  These projects are exempt from environmental review and permitting by the State Corporation Commission. SB 1395 also exempts projects that are being built for use by a single customer of a utility from having to apply for and receive a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity from the SCC.

http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/articles/2017/05/new-virginia-law-expands-solar-energy-development-authority-to-include-energy-storage.html
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: May 06, 2017, 01:11:28 pm »



The Solar PV Life Cycle Dilemma
   
May 5, 2017

By John R. Balfour 

John R. Balfour, MEP, PhD, is President and CTO of AstroPower Corp. Dr. Balfour has spent 32 of his 40 years of PV experience as an EPC and has been a PV energy consultant and author since 1977.
 

Historically and in essence, electric utilities simply do not buy 20- to 25-year energy generation technologies. In fact, utilities and public works organizations seldom if ever build on such a short time schedule. It is simply not practical or profitable to build a 25-year coal, nuclear, oil, gas or hydro project. Utility infrastructure development, engineering and construction do not lend themselves to short-term energy generation, financing or thinking.

There could be a message in this for the solar PV industry, where the present 20- to 25-year model is an anomaly that is slowing progress for the industry on our road to maturity. While price pressure has driven the industry thus far, is it possible that a number of important issues have been ignored?

Our logic flows in the following process.

A project is planned; land is identified, tied up either in purchase or lease; and entitlements and other agreements are secured that include long-term agreements for and with utilities, grid operators, government agencies and others. The project is then put up for EPC bidding, designed, graded and fenced; roads and substations are built, all taking a substantial amount of time, energy, effort and fiscal resources.

This does not include the base PV plant itself, which is also complex and expensive.

After all of this effort, the plant itself is often compromised in a rush to deliver an energy generator that’s primary focus is on being inexpensive. Slim specifications are generally assembled for EPC bidding that places the vast majority of decisions in the hands of the EPCs, not the owners. The challenge here is that if you have five EPCs bidding, the owner can or will end up with five different plant offerings. It may not necessarily be the best offering for the best plant life or levelized cost of energy.
 
Historically, the traditional values utilities require in projects include reliability, availability, maintainability, testability, and safety, which in the PV industry today tend to become secondary or tertiary issues. In essence, if it isn’t clearly detailed and required in the project specification prior to design, owners should not expect these traditionally valuable items. This is not negligence due to the EPC, it is simply because they were never required in initial bidding documentation.

Today, specifications for PV plants are minimal, whereas for all other energy generation technologies, they tend to be quite detailed and specific. This raises and supports a number of questions as to: “Is this the right model for a viable long-term and cost-effective approach to delivering energy?”

At the beginning of the existing approach, insufficient weight and discussion is given to what happens in years 10, 15 and 20, much less year 26 if any. This assumes that the plant actually lasts that long. In fact, if the plant has not been designed for a fuller more robust life: “What are the odds that plant will actually meet the initial design life?”

Issues of repowering are presently considered esoteric, something to be discussed over a drink, however not important enough, seemingly, to be a key element of the planning process. If this were not the case, then each PV project would include a repowering and a detailed site restoration plan.

Once all of the preliminary work has been completed and a plant has been built, how many issues were not given the full attention that they might have been if it was any other energy generation technology?

We propose that this issue becomes a greater part of the discussion in the PV industry and that the existing business model be challenged. That challenge should result in a new model that is more preemptive in nature. After all, once you’ve put that entire infrastructure in, “How much more does it cost to meet existing utility requirements versus tearing the plant out between years 12 and 25 or having to do a major rebuild?”

Logic and finance appears to favor the longer-term approach.  More importantly, it gives a far better opportunity for utility companies and/or other buyers of energy to buy consistently reliable, available, maintainable, safe and economically viably priced energy.

http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/articles/2017/05/the-solar-pv-life-cycle-dilemma.html
Posted by: AGelbert
« on: April 28, 2017, 02:21:05 pm »



Notes from the Solar Underground:  ;) US Solar’s Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act
   
April 28, 2017

By Paula Mints  Founder/Chief Market Research Analyst
 
There is nothing new about protectionism just as there is nothing new about aggressive pricing for market share, dumping of overproduction at low prices and the cascade of unintended consequences of government intervention on markets.

A free market is precisely what the word free implies that is, market prices and the choice of goods are set by the interactions of market participants. Under this definition, there are few, if any, free markets in the world.

Governments intervene to subsidize or incentivize production of goods and the acquisition of goods. In the U.S., farmers sometimes received subsidies not to produce under the assumption that over production would lead to a price collapse. Electricity rates in U.S. states must be approved by state PUCs. Subsidies provide affordable housing for poorer populations. Pick a market and you can find a government incentive, subsidy or a control of some sort.

Quote
So, seriously, there are few, if any, free markets .

The global solar industry relies on mandates, subsidies and incentives for its demand. Though it has enjoyed extraordinarily strong growth overtime this growth has come about because of, again, subsidies. Current low prices for PV modules are possible because of China’s support for its PV manufacturers. 

The 2012 U.S. tariff ruling on imports of cells and modules from China resulted in higher prices for small buyers   and, frankly, no price change for larger buyers  .  In sum, for larger buyers the sellers absorbed the tariff. The primary goal of sellers was sales, margin was secondary. Higher margins were gained from smaller sellers who also absorbed the tariff. Exporters were then not truly punished because the goals of the exporter (seller) were not properly understood.
 
The lesson is that market regulations, incentives, subsidies, mandates and tariffs come with unintended consequences. When tariffs are enacted the primary entity punished via higher prices is the buyer. The price pain felt by buyers is almost always the unintended consequence of the imposition of tariffs.

Just as markets are not entirely free, markets are also not entirely rational or controllable. Tastes change. Competing products rise. Drought and heavy rains affect agriculture. People go on strike. Recessions affect buying ability. Finally, sometimes people make irrational buying choices. Consider the cell phone which went from the size of a person’s arm to the size of a watch face to practically the size of a laptop computer screen and is now migrating back to not just watch face size, but to being an actual watch.

The point is that controlling buying patterns is close to impossible and punishing sellers for low prices typically punishes the buyers and worse … almost never brings back manufacturing jobs.

A good example of the unintended consequence of government intervention is the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act of 1930. In the 1920s an excess of agricultural production in Europe led to low price imports of produce into the U.S. Farmers suffered and Herbert Hoover promised that if he were elected president he would help U.S. farmers. (As an aside … if this seems familiar it should.     )

Enter Willis Hawley, Congressman, Oregon, and Reed Smoot, Senator, Utah. Smoot-Hawley began as a protection for farmers but after much debate fed by many special interests it was eventually attached to a wide variety of imports (~900). Other countries retaliated with their own tariffs. The U.S. trade deficit ballooned. Smoot-Hawley did not push the world into the Great Depression but it certainly was a card in the Depression playing deck.

In 1934, as part of the New Deal, President Franklin Roosevelt pushed the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act through and the short reign of protectionism in the U.S. ended … just in time for the beginning of World War II in 1939.

The Solar Point

Immediately following Suniva’s bankruptcy on April 17, rumors of a new trade dispute began and late in April Suniva, a U.S.-based monocrystalline manufacturer over 60 percent owned by a Chinese company, filed its trade dispute asking for a 40-cent/Wp tariff on all solar cells made outside the U.S. From Suniva’s point of view, the request makes sense as it is one of two crystalline solar cell manufacturers in the U.S. — the other being SolarWorld.

Proponents say that it would protect U.S. solar manufacturing but as there is very little U.S. manufacturing and the reasons for its demise are complex, there is little to protect.

Tariff opponents argue that cheaper prices for cells would help module assemblers and cheaper prices for modules would increase solar deployment.

The fact is that larger entities continued to enjoy low prices and will always enjoy lower prices than smaller demand side participants.

The fact is that bringing back U.S. solar manufacturing is close to impossible at this juncture using tariffs. It would require a lot of time (a lot of time), favorable taxes for producers as well as other manufacturing subsidies and most importantly, a healthy incentive for buyers to purchase modules made in America with crystalline and thin film cells made in America and … even then … the aluminum, the glass, the backsheet — something in the module will come from some other country.

The fact is that the products bought in the U.S., including the foods we eat, are often produced using components from other countries.

Finally … well-meaning or crowd-pleasing government intervention in the not-so-free-not-so-rational-extremely-complex global market always brings a host of complications with it and always brings a host of unintended consequences. Just ask Mr. Smoot and Mr. Hawley.  ;D

Don't miss Paula Mints' latest report, available at a discounted price through Renewable Energy World: Photovoltaic Manufacturer Capacity, Shipments, Price & Revenues 2016/2017

http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/articles/2017/04/notes-from-the-solar-underground-us-solar-s-smoot-hawley-tariff-act.html

Agelbert NOTE: The biggest, and totally unjustified subsidy that we need to GET RID OF to level the energy market playing field is the oil and gas subsidy THEFT:

 



 



+-Recent Topics

Mechanisms of Prejudice: Hidden and Not Hidden by AGelbert
Today at 03:10:33 pm

Future Earth by AGelbert
Today at 02:14:32 pm

Pollution by AGelbert
Today at 01:50:25 pm

Corruption in Government by AGelbert
October 20, 2017, 08:00:13 pm

Homebody Handy Hints by AGelbert
October 20, 2017, 06:57:09 pm

Global Warming is WITH US by AGelbert
October 20, 2017, 05:49:36 pm

Photvoltaics (PV) by AGelbert
October 20, 2017, 04:23:32 pm

Wind Power by AGelbert
October 19, 2017, 02:46:03 pm

Fossil Fuel Profits Getting Eaten Alive by Renewable Energy! by AGelbert
October 19, 2017, 02:17:49 pm

Money by AGelbert
October 18, 2017, 06:58:05 pm

Free Web Hit Counter By CSS HTML Tutorial