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Author Topic: Power Structures in Human Society: Pros and Cons Part 1  (Read 4424 times)

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AGelbert

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Why Medieval Torture Devices are Not Medieval 

When many people think about the Middle Ages they see it as a time when people were tortured by a wide collection of diabolical instruments. Whether it is the Pear of Anguish or the Iron Maiden, these torture devices are portrayed as medieval. The reality, however, is that many of these devices never existed in the Middle Ages. 


The "Pearl of Anguish" was more likely a dental instrument than a "torture in the orifice" device.

The Iron Maiden of Nuremberg pictured above (destroyed in WWII) was KNOWN TO BE A FAKE.

The RACK (photo by Dark Dwarf flicker at the Tower of London) used on difficult subjects during the Middle Ages, was invented and utilized LONG before.

Excellent and informative myth debunking article with appropriately descriptive graphics.  

http://www.medievalists.net/2016/03/20/why-medieval-torture-devices-are-not-medieval/

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AGelbert

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Who wrote this medieval literary classic? 


Can you match these nine famous medieval authors to their works? ???


http://www.medievalists.net/2016/03/17/who-wrote-this-medieval-literary-classic/
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AGelbert

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Women’s Work and Family in the Viking Age

A look at women’s work and family life in the Viking Age. 

A Viking Woman

http://www.medievalists.net/2016/03/16/womens-work-and-family-in-the-viking-age/

Agelbert NOTE: And by the way, the men folk NEVER wore those helms with a horn on either side. That was a 19th century invention of opera theater.

Quote
Richard Wagner is often credited with popularizing the idea of horned helmets, although he never wrote an opera about Vikings. His operatic cycle  Der Ring des Nibelungen, the four parts of which were first produced between 1869 and 1876, depicted Germanic gods and heroes in the mythical past, not during the historical Viking era. Most opera fans neither knew nor cared that the Viking Age didn't start until A.D. 793, though, and some apparently assumed all barbarian warriors in northern Europe wore pointy headgear. Wagner had also used a horned helmet in the original production of  Tristan und Isolde  in 1865. This is even further from Vikings, because the story is a Celtic, not a Germanic, legend.

In Wagner's operas, horned helmets are now most closely associated with the Valkyries, but as originally staged the Valkyries wore helmets with wings. (The Valkyries didn't get h o r n y until Wagner died.) The only major figure in the whole cycle who wore a horned helmet in the early productions was Hunding. Those who have somehow managed to stay awake through the entire four-hour production of  Die Walküre may remember Hunding as the boor who objected to his wife sleeping with her brother. Wagner and his costume and set designer Carl Emil Doepler probably borrowed the idea not from the few scattered images of Vikings wearing horned helmets, but from the costumes in stage plays about ancient pre-Viking Germans.

http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/2189/did-vikings-really-wear-horns-on-their-helmets

Below, please find, What Vikings REALLY wore when they were doing their pillaging and raping for "Thor", loot and warm women. 8)
Viking Helmets
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AGelbert

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Brazil: Outrage as Indians' homes bulldozed, community evicted

 
Guarani leader Damiana Cavanha after the eviction from Apy Ka'y  © Aty Guasu


A video showing a tribal community’s homes being bulldozed, condemning families to live by the side of a major highway, has caused outrage in Brazil.

Almost 100 heavily-armed police officers evicted the Apy Ka’y Guarani community, whose ancestral lands have been destroyed for industrial-scale farming.

Watch: Brutal eviction from Apy Ka’y



The Indians had been forced to live by the side of a highway for ten years, during which eight people were run over and killed, and another died from pesticide poisoning.

In 2013 the community re-occupied a small patch of their ancestral land. They have now been evicted from it again, after a judge granted the landowner’s request for an eviction order, despite having received appeals from the Guarani, from their allies in Brazil, and from thousands of Survival supporters around the world.

The Guarani of Apy Ka’y are now back on the side of the highway.

Another video (at article link) shows armed police overseeing the eviction of the nine Guarani Kaiowá families. Tribal leader Damiana Cavanha is shown denouncing the eviction, insisting on her people’s right to defend their lives, protect their lands and determine their own futures.

Watch: Damiana denounces eviction (at article link)

Around 100 federal and military police evicted the Apy Ka’y Guarani community, whose ancestral lands have been destroyed for industrial-scale farming.  © Aty Guasu

She said: “We do not accept this. I will stay here, this is my right. We have our rights. It’s not only the white people that have rights, the Guarani Kaiowá and the indigenous peoples also have rights. So many of us have died, so many people have been killed by the gunmen… Let us stay here, we have our Tekoha [ancestral land] and I will return to my Tekoha.”

In June 2016, ranchers’ gunmen attacked another Guarani community at Tey’i Jusu. One man was killed and several others, including a twelve year old boy, severely injured.  >:(

Most of the Guarani’s land has been stolen from them. Brazil’s agri-business industry has been trying to keep tribal people away from their territories for decades. They subject them to genocidal violence and racism so they can steal their lands, resources and labor in the name of “progress” and “civilization.”

The situation facing the Guarani is one of the most urgent and horrific humanitarian crises of our time. In April 2016, Survival International launched its “Stop Brazil’s Genocide” campaign to draw the crisis to global attention in the run-up to the Rio 2016 Olympic Games.

Survival’s Director Stephen Corry said: “This is terrible news, and it is tragically all too typical of the appalling situation facing the Guarani in Brazil. We cannot sit idly by and watch the destruction of an entire people. If the Guarani’s legal right to live on their land is not respected and upheld, they will be destroyed."
http://www.survivalinternational.org/news/11353
« Last Edit: July 09, 2016, 03:12:09 pm by AGelbert »
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AGelbert

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There IS a Tipping Point for Revolution in America: Dr. Richard Wolff
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AGelbert

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Landscape, Maternal Space, And Child Exposure In The Sagas Of Icelanders
September 17, 2016 By Medievalists.net

Landscape, Maternal Space, And Child Exposure In The Sagas Of Icelanders

Paper by Robin Waugh

Given at the 3rd International St. Magnus Conference on April 15, 2016



The mother’s “powerful influence during early infancy” has been described as “maternal space” by critics such as Patricia Cramer and Julia Kristeva (Cramer 497; Kristeva, Desire in Language, 247, 281-86). An obvious situation, then, in which to examine the potential construction of maternal space would be the episodes when men try to co-opt such space, for example in the eight or so narratives of child exposure that are extant in the Sagas of Icelanders (Jochens 85-93; Clover 101-10). On the one hand in these narratives men typically wrap the child tightly, place something in the infant’s mouth to replace the mother’s breast, and otherwise attempt to imitate and ritualize maternal space by (among other things) trying to secure the child’s silence while it is exposed. On the other hand these scenes assert women’s highly individual emotions, co-optation of language, and marking out of space.

To offer one example, in Vatnsdæla saga, Nereid’s illegitimate child is exposed with a cloth over its face (Ch. 37). The infant is eventually recovered, but the cloth must be connected to the “kerchief” that a witch named Groa has previously used in her sorcery. Her magic results in the death of an entire household. Not only is the child’s cloth thus connected to a particularly female mode of expression, but it is also connected to the landscape as described in the saga: Groa had been observed walking around her house backwards just before the household’s disaster. In Þorsteins þáttur uxafóts, the many details of clothing and the sense of ritualizing a landscape through setting up a child’s place of exposure as an externalized substitute for maternal space evoke, even more than in the Vatnsdæla saga version, ideas of a female language (Þorsteins þáttur uxafóts, ch 4). The boy’s mother, Oddny, is dumb, and communicates with her family through the inscription of runes (Ch. 3). There follows a pattern of language acquisition in the þáttr that echoes the treatment of landscape by the major characters, and a similar pattern occurs in the story of Selkolla from the Byskupa sögur, which connects child-abandonment with lust, demonology, and fylgjur (pp. 494-95).
   
A survey of these episodes, then, suggests that maternal space in the sagas reasserts itself generally—and particularly reasserts itself onto the northern landscape—during instances of child exposure, where this mode of attempted infanticide takes on a variant meaning in Northern societies than it would from more Southern ones. Particular treatment of landscape is paired with unusual depictions of heightened expression by female characters in these works—both traditional artisanal modes of expression for women, such as textile usage, and also examples of highly individual language production. This “new language” typically maps the Northern landscape in a sex-specific fashion that is unique to the sagas of Icelanders.

http://www.medievalists.net/2016/09/17/landscape-maternal-space-and-child-exposure-in-the-sagas-of-icelanders/

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AGelbert

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Why People OBEY Orders that they know will HURT fellow Human Beings
The Psychology of Authority
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AGelbert

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Quote
And we end today’s roundup with this from Richard Cohen:

Whether he knows it or not, the specter of Lyndon Baines Johnson haunts Donald John Trump. There are some jarring similarities — two big, fleshy men given to vulgarities and gauche behavior, boastful, thin-skinned, politically amoral, vengeful, unforgiving and, most important, considered illegitimate presidents. For Johnson, that took some time to sink in; Trump is already there. [...]

By the end of the week, Trump will be the president. I wish him the best; I wish him the worst. The dilemma is how to separate loathing for him from love of country. I am leaving it to time to work that out. Meanwhile, Trump will have his moment, that’s for sure, but when things go wrong he will be chased from office — just like Johnson once was. The ancient Greeks knew why: A man’s character is his fate. In that case, Trump’s presidency is doomed.



AlwaysOptimistic
Jan 17 · 07:46:37 AM 
 
As low as the Lunatic’s numbers are now…they will only continue to tank as we find out that he is a traitor and completely corrupted by Russia (as his many in his Regime).

Donald J. “Useful Idiot” Trump would, and probably has, sold this country down the river for

“30 pieces of silver”.   We must stay alert, active and relentless resist this abomination. 

53 recommended


http://www.dailykos.com/stories/2017/1/17/1621413/-Abbreviated-pundit-roundup-Trump-s-pre-inauguration-poll-numbers-are-historically-low



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AGelbert

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Quote
O'Keefe Caught Trying to Bribe Protestors to Riot at Inauguration


By Subterra   

Monday Jan 16, 2017 ·  5:18 PM EST

SNIPPET:
They’ve released a YouTube documentary of the sting.


http://www.dailykos.com/stories/2017/1/16/1621252/-O-Keefe-Caught-Trying-to-Bribe-Protestors-to-Riot-at-Inauguration
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AGelbert

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Quote
Trump's Flaccid Poll Numbers Extremely Sad for Him; Unlikely to Get them Up Higher.

By TomP   

Tuesday Jan 17, 2017 · 10:01 AM EST

They will only go down.

The new Washington Post-ABC News poll finds that only 40 percent of Americans view Trump favorably, versus 54 percent who view him unfavorably. Those numbers are identical (40-54) on the question of whether Americans approve of how he’s handled the transition so far. Only 44 percent say Trump is qualified to serve as president.

Meanwhile, the new CNN poll finds that only 40 percent approve of how Trump is handling his transition. And 53 percent say Trump’s statements and actions make them less confident in his ability to serve as president.

Americans oppose building a wall on the Mexican border by 60-37.

snip

— Americans oppose cutting taxes on higher income people by 61-36.

snip

— Americans oppose withdrawing the United States from the Paris climate accord by 56-31, and they oppose pulling out of the Iran nuclear deal by 46-37.

snip

— Americans oppose banning non-citizen Muslims from entering the U.S. by 63-32.

snip

— As it is, slightly more oppose repealing Obamacare than support it, by 47-46.

snip

— Meanwhile, the CNN poll finds that Americans say by 52-46 that Trump’s proposed policies do not reflect their priorities.

WaPo, The Plum Line: Trump starts off in an incredibly weak position. And this new polling suggests it might get worse.

Now he will get compared to Obama. He will fall far short.

This is a weak president. And he will get weaker. Many Rs in the Senate are just waiting for him to fall further to undermine him. And 48 Dems will stand together.

If he finishes his term, he will make George W. Bush’s 30 percent approval ratings look good.

This vile man will be hated by the majority of Americans.

In the end, he will not get the respect and approval from his father (or substitutes) that he constantly seeks.

This vile man will be hated and disgraced.

http://www.dailykos.com/stories/2017/1/17/1621433/-Trump-s-Flaccid-Poll-Numbers-Extremely-Sad-for-Him-Unlikely-to-Get-them-Up-Higher



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AGelbert

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Power Structures in Human Society
« Reply #85 on: July 15, 2017, 02:51:04 pm »
Agelbert Note: I admire C. S. Lewis and I wrote a term paper in college referencing, among some other books, one of Aldous Huxley's books, but I was unaware that they both died on the same day as JFK. We lost three great minds on that day, not just one.

Michael Gerson on Trump is a MUST READ today

Quote
If the system is truly manipulated by political enemies, then only suckers are bound by its norms and requirements. Those who denigrate our system of government are providing an excuse for gaming it. And that is precisely what Trump Jr. was doing — trying to game American democracy

By teacherken 

Friday Jul 14, 2017 · 6:39 AM EDT

The president and his men are incapable of feeling shame about shameful things.

SNIPPET:

Quote
C.S. Lewis posited three elements that make up human beings. There is the intellect, residing in the head. There are the passions, residing in the stomach (and slightly lower). And then there are trained, habituated emotions — the “stable sentiments” of character — which Lewis associated with the chest.

In the realm of political ethics, voters last year did not prioritize character in sufficient numbers, during the party primaries or the general election. Now we are seeing the result. “In a sort of ghastly simplicity,” Lewis said, “we remove the organ and demand the function. We make men without chests and expect of them virtue and enterprise. We laugh at honor and are shocked to find traitors in our midst.”

https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2017/7/14/1680575/-Michael-Gerson-on-Trump-is-a-MUST-READ-today

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