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Author Topic: Global Warming is WITH US  (Read 18408 times)

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AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #945 on: July 08, 2017, 08:22:43 pm »
Recent Violent Floods, a Gas Pipeline Explosion and Dead Sea Drying  :(
This happened on our Earth 3-4 July 2017  :(

World of Signs


Published on Jul 4, 2017

If you have any events you want to share that are similar to my content you can send them in via my whatsapp contact: (+49)017686237973

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AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #946 on: July 08, 2017, 08:46:40 pm »
This happened on our Earth 7-8 July 2017  :o

World of Signs




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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #947 on: July 09, 2017, 01:18:21 pm »
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AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #948 on: July 10, 2017, 06:25:10 pm »
Wildfires continued to rage across several California counties Sunday as record-breaking heat in some areas gave way to cooler temperatures.
A firefighter maneuvers his vehicle down a private road as the Alamo fire burns near Santa Maria on Saturday.


The Alamo fire, near Highway 166 in northern Santa Barbara County, has grown to more than 23,000 acres near the San Luis Obispo County line, Cal Fire said Sunday. At least 200 people threatened by the blaze were evacuated from a remote area east of Santa Maria.

The Whittier fire near Lake Cachuma, about 35 miles south, has scorched about 7,800 acres, according to officials with Los Padres National Forest.

In Butte County, north of Sacramento, the Wall fire has burned 4,400 acres and destroyed 10 structures, while threatening hundreds more, according to Cal Fire. Four injuries have been reported.

Evacuation orders remain in effect throughout the area, officials said. The fire, which started Friday, is 17% contained.

The Winter fire in nearby Yolo County has burned 1,800 acres and is 25% contained, officials said. Mandatory evacuation orders have been issued in some areas.

In Santa Barbara County, water-dropping helicopters and retardant-dropping air tankers aided some 1,000 firefighters from across the state who were scrambling to contain the Alamo fire, the largest active fire in the state. Columns of smoke could be seen from miles away as the fire outraced efforts to contain it, at one point growing by more than 3,000 acres over a four-hour period Friday.

“Low humidity, high heat and the winds are right — and there’s just a lot of stuff to burn,” said Santa Barbara County spokeswoman Gina DePinto. She said firefighters’ main focus Saturday was to secure the south and east sides of the blaze. If winds from the northeast shift toward the northwest, as expected, homes could burn, she said.

If the Alamo fire crosses Tepusquet Canyon, it could push farther east into an area of the Los Padres National Forest that burned in 2009, which might help slow the fire because the brush and the trees are relatively young, officials said.

But between the high temperatures and changing winds, Cal Fire spokesman Chris Elms said, the fire fight will be tough regardless of the fuel.

"It's off to the races," Elms said of the fire's growth.

The Alamo fire was 10% contained as of Sunday morning, officials said.

The fire near Lake Cachuma, called the Whittier fire, was burning on both sides of Highway 154 and initially left some 80 campers trapped at the Circle V Ranch Camp. But U.S. Forest Service firefighters reached the group, which was sheltering in place, said Capt. Dave Zaniboni of the Santa Barbara County Fire Department.

The fire, which started about 2 p.m. Saturday, lies in an area filled with oaks, Chamise brush, Manzanita shrubs and ceanothus plants that haven’t burned since 1955, said Gary Helming, the battalion chief for the U.S. Forest Service in Los Padres National Forest.

"The brush is tall and thick," he said. "We have very active burn conditions. We are seeing rapid and large growth."

By Saturday evening, the Whittier fire had reached the top of the Santa Ynez mountain range and flames could be seen from Goleta, north of Santa Barbara. The fire, which is 5% contained, has burned 20 structures on both sides of Highway 154, officials said.

Sarah Gustafson, who moved from Washington to California seven months ago, lives in the shadow of the Santa Ynez Mountains down a winding road between Lake Cachuma and San Marcos Pass off Highway 154.

She said she was getting her tires changed on the Santa Barbara side of the mountains Saturday when she saw a pillar of smoke rise on the other side of the mountain.

Gustafson, who works at a veterinary hospital, panicked: Her six beloved cats were trapped at home.

"It was my worst-case scenario," she said. "I wasn't home, I wasn't able to get there and I had to evacuate."

Once her tires were secure she navigated around road closures and made her way over the mountain range along Old San Marcos Road as the fire exploded from 300 to more than 3,000 acres along a stretch of forest that fire officials said had not burned since 1955.

"It was terrifying," she said. "The sky was orange and black, you could see flames up on the ridge. When I got home it was smokey with ash."

The fire was still a ways away and she managed to cram her six cats — Severus, Malfoy, Mama, Smee, Nibbles, and her kitten Gidget — into cat containers then into a Toyota Solara for the race back to Santa Barbara.

She spent the night in the parking lot of the Red Cross shelter set up at San Marcos High School in Santa Barbara with her cats, a portable DVD player and Season 6 of “The Simpsons” to keep her company.

It was her first fire.

"It all happened in a matter of hours," she said.

Nearby in the parking lot, Jerome and Caroline Clemenceau, who are from the western Vendee region of France, sipped coffee and ate cereal with their two daughters in their rented recreational vehicle.

The married couple, both 42, had spent five months traveling the United States from the Gulf Coast in Florida and Louisiana to Arches National Park in Utah and Mesa Verde National Park.

They wrapped things up in California, taking in Yosemite before ending their trip camping along the Santa Ynez River.

They spent the day sightseeing in Santa Barbara when a huge cloud of smoke came up over the mountain.

"We have never seen that kind of thing before," Jerome said.

"There was ash falling on our car, the sun was red -- suddenly we couldn't see anything. It was strange," his wife said. "It was very impressive."

Fernando Salazar, a biologist from Colombia, and his daughter Veronica Salazar, who recently graduated from MIT, didn't know what to make of the smoke plume at first.

"We thought it was smog," he said.

The pair darted up the hill from Santa Barbara in their rental car to the Los Prietos campground in Los Padres National Forest to retrieve their camping gear.

"It was an inferno," Salazar said. "The sky was beautiful, the sun was red."

The pair had seen Yellowstone, Yosemite and points in between during their road trip.

"And we end it with a fire," he said.

Farther south, downtown Los Angeles hit a record high of 98 degrees Saturday, beating out the 131-year-old record of 95 degrees set in 1886, according to the National Weather Service.

Record-high temperatures were also recorded in Long Beach, 96 degrees, and Burbank, 105, while Palmdale tied its record of 110. Woodland Hills also reported a temperature of 110.

The San Fernando Valley was especially hard hit by triple-digit temperatures. By 3 p.m., the mercury registered 107 degrees at Lake Balboa, near Encino.

The heat, humidity and beating sun gave park visitors plenty to complain about.

"Man, it’s brutal out here," said a shirtless man carrying a cooler back to his truck.

Meanwhile, an explosion at a power plant in the San Fernando Valley caused a fire that burned for hours Saturday, knocked out traffic lights, stranded people in elevators and left about 140,000 customers without power, officials said.

The power outages hit businesses and residents in Northridge, Winnetka, Reseda, Lake Balboa, Tarzana, North Hills, Granada Hills, Chatsworth, West Hills, Canoga Park and Woodland Hills, according to the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power. It was unknown when power would be restored.

Residents of an apartment complex near the DWP plant on Parthenia Street in Northridge reported hearing a loud explosion at the plant just before 7 p.m., and firefighters arrived to find a gigantic container of mineral oil – used as a cooling agent for electrical equipment – on fire, said Los Angeles Fire Department spokesman Brian Humphrey.

Humphrey said firefighters had controlled the blaze by 8:30 p.m. and were able to extinguish the flames by 9 p.m. “These were fierce flames, with smoke towering more than 300 feet into the sky,” Humphrey said.

No one was injured. He said mechanical failure related to cooling equipment might have caused the explosion, though the investigation was still young.

Power was fully restored to all DWP customers Sunday morning.

Temperatures in Los Angeles should begin cooling on Sunday by as much as 5 to 10 degrees in some areas, with the trend continuing over the next few days, said Hall, the meteorologist. The coast is expected to cool to the mid-70s and downtown to the mid-80s during the same period, he said.

http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-fire-and-heat-20170708-story.html
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AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #949 on: July 11, 2017, 06:06:32 pm »
Agelbert NOTE: Please remember that it is WINTER in Antarctica now. When summer comes, the melting will be much worse.


Jet Stream Shift South Can Take Out Larsen C

Paul Beckwith


Published on Jul 10, 2017

Following up on my previous jet stream video, I now discuss how a slight southward shift of the Southern Hemisphere jet stream can nudge the 10% section of the Larsen C ice shelf that is poised to break off, seaward, and essentially rip it off the main ice shelf.

Do we really want to risk everything on our planet by allowing abrupt climate change to proceed unchecked?
 NOT ME. We cannot roll over and succumb, like we are doing. We must declare a global climate emergency, as the first step to concerted action for climate restoration.   

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AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #950 on: July 11, 2017, 09:02:50 pm »
Even Climate Scientists Are Now Revealing Their Fears For The Future! CLIMATE CHANGE TRUTH

Published on Jul 4, 2017

'Science march' to challenge Denier's climate change views. - Many Climate scientists reveal their fears for the future - Scientists Fear Climate Change Will Soon Turn Deadly.

Watch the video to see all these and many more...

Don't forget to subscribe for upcoming videos - Richard Aguilar
SUBSCRIBE: https://goo.gl/w3A8IS
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AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #951 on: July 14, 2017, 12:31:04 pm »
Tomorrow is Yesterday...

Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly

The 6th Mass Extinction Event is here * Geologic History shows why CO2 caused Global Warming before
Marc Haneburght

Published on Jun 1, 2017

Runaway Climate Change is causing exponential major flooding (happening now) due to more heavy rainfall on Earth, and are taking too much nutrients by rivers into the oceans, creating anoxia events. A deadly purple sulfur bacteria. Too much is never a good thing. It's what made oil deposits happen in the past.

In the past the dinosaurs roamed the planet during the start of an extinction event, now it will be us. The next clever beings might learn in time what we did wrong, maybe not.

The planet might turn into Mars because of nobody being at the controls of nuclear power plants that will destroy the ozone with massive amounts of radiation.

Oceanic anoxic events or anoxic events (anoxia conditions) refer to intervals in the Earth's past where portions of oceans become depleted in oxygen (O2) at depths over a large geographic area. During some of these events, euxinia, waters that contained H2S hydrogen sulfide, developed. Although anoxic events have not happened for millions of years, the geological record shows that they happened many times in the past.

Anoxic events coincided with several mass extinctions and may have contributed to them. These mass extinctions include some that geobiologists use as time markers in biostratigraphic dating. Many geologists believe oceanic anoxic events are strongly linked to slowing of ocean circulation, climatic warming, and elevated levels of greenhouse gases.

Global warming. The biggest story ever. Too big for the general public. 


*Agelbert NOTE: MUST SEE video! To skip ancient history, begin at the 32 minute mark.

This video is tremendously educational and instructive because it demonstrates exactly how our scientists accurately determined CO2 levels in the distant past, as long ago as 200 million years, when today's oil deposits are believed to have been formed.

How did they do it? ??? They found 200 million year old fossils of a plant called a Ginko, that did NOT "evolve" AT ALL  ;D, all the way to the present (leaf structure is identical to modern Ginko leaves).

Permian Ginko leaf fossil on left  - Modern Ginko Leaf on right

The Ginko has pores in the underside of the leaves. The number of pores it forms is a function, as has been determined by empirical evidence, of the available atmospheric CO2. IOW, the more  CO2, the more pores.

The fossilized Ginkos leaf pore totals, exactly as the leaf pore totals of modern Ginko test plants grown in increasingly higher CO2 containing atmospheres, evidence 4 times the CO2 level of pre-industrial human civilization. THAT was an ice free world.

HOWEVER, that was NOT a "tropical paradise", as the fossil fuel fascist propagandist crooks and liars want you to believe.

Once the ice is GONE, some death dealing chemical processes begin until just about every macroscopic oxygen breathing life form is dead. It begins with the death of most of the species populating the Marine Trophic Pyramid. HOW? ???

When the ice is gone, the ocean currents that circulate oxygen throughout the oceanic depths in a 500 year cycle come to a HALT. This makes more and more parts of the ocean anoxic, so all the oxygen breathers die or flee closer to the still oxygenated shallows.

Meanwhile, the high CO2 levels acidify the oceans, killing off the Oxygen producing phytoplankton (can't make their Calcium Carbonate structure - like mollusks also can't - despite having more CO2 "food" available) that had become widespread with the early initial increase of CO2 levels (see massive algae blooms going on as we speak).

The dead Phytoplankton begin to sink through the shallows, triggering bacterial feeding frenzy activity of a type of purple bacteria that decomposes phytoplankton, hates oxygen, but needs sunlight (it uses the sun but excretes H2S - Hydrogen sulfide poisonous gas, not  oxygen).

So THEN the shallows become anoxic too. Then what is left of the oxygen breathers die. This not "just evolution", as the idiots who compare our fossil fuel based civilization's stupid and suicidal greedy activity to massive volcanic eruptions, as if  humans have as little free will as a volcano, ridiculously claim. But the imbeciles who wish to perpetuate the fossil fuel burning status quo frequently resort to this craven attempt to avoid responsibility for the harm being done.

Allowing the CO2 to get so high that it triggers the death of most marine life is Genocidal Criminal Negligence.


What just happened in the death of the Great Barrier reef is just the beginning of the heating process resulting from too much CO2. There is still a lot of ice. There is still oceanic circulation and oxygenation.

But ALREADY, JUST THE HEAT is killing the most important marine life nurseries in the oceans.

Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly


SO WHAT, you might ask. The dinosaurs were around for millions of years. Don't we have lots of time too?   

WHY? ???

Because the RATE we are putting CO2 in the atmosphere is THOUSANDS of TIMES FASTER than when the massive volcanic eruptions caused CO2 triggered extinctions!

When the  ice is gone and that rotten egg  smell from ubiquitous  Hydrogen sulfide poisonous gas reaches your nostrils, expect a VERY brief growth industry in canned oxygen.  But don't expect the Fossil Fuel Fascist "industry"   to admit they destroyed the biosphere for short term profit.

Coming soon to your home: DOOM WEEK ON PLANET EARTH


The Fossil Fuelers   DID THE Climate Trashing, human health depleting CRIME,   but since they have ALWAYS BEEN liars and conscience free crooks, they are trying to AVOID   DOING THE TIME or     PAYING THE FINE!     Don't let them get away with it! Pass it on!   
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AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #952 on: July 15, 2017, 12:48:18 pm »
Abrupt Climate Mayhem Now, in Spite of Main-Stream-Climatologist Posturing


Paul Beckwith

Published on Jul 13, 2017

Quite frankly, I am sick and tired of people, especially main-stream-talking-head-scientists, downplaying the huge unprecedented threats that are accumulating daily and will soon take down our civilizations. Our world is one that is full of specialists, with no ability to join-the-dots and recognize that humanities existence, and that of our entire ecosystems of plants and animals is degrading rapidly. Even exponentially. 
 

From my chair, I categorically state that anybody who downplays the significance and importance of our planets peril is part of the problem, and needs to get with the program or step aside so that the rest of us can do what is needed. The public needs the truth, no matter how bad it is to have any hope of changing course. And the truth is truly awful, at present


Mass Animal Die-Offs from Abrupt Climate Mayhem

Published on Jul 13, 2017

Accelerating, abrupt climate change is an enormous threat to humanity, as outlined in the well written, long-overdue article "Uninhabited" published in New York Magazine. But it is even worse for non-human animals and plants. At least we regulate our body temperatures and some of us have access to air-conditioning.

What about animals that have body temperatures the same as their surroundings? Their metabolic rate doubles with a temperature rise of 18 F (10 C). Even a 2 C rise (Paris Agreement) increases metabolism 20%, decreasing lifetime 20%. Many species around our planet are today undergoing mass die-offs.

To me, it appears that Earth is losing its ability to sustain life, under the onslaught of human stupidity. Countries are dropping like dominos as infrastructure is decimated from abrupt climate change induced extreme weather.
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AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #953 on: July 17, 2017, 05:03:35 pm »
Greenhouse Gases Are Rapidly Changing the Atmosphere

By Brian Kahn

SNIPPET:

Published: July 13th, 2017
Humanity’s grand experiment in the atmosphere continues, and a new report documents just how far it’s gone.

On Tuesday, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration released its annual index of 20 key greenhouse gases. It shows that their direct influence on the climate has risen 140 percent since 1750, with 40 percent of that rise coming in just the past 26 years. That increase is almost entirely due to human activities and has caused the planet to warm 1.8°F (1°C) above pre-industrial temperatures.

Radiative forcing, relative to 1750, of all the long-lived greenhouse gases. The NOAA annual greenhouse gas index, which is indexed to 1 for the year 1990, is shown on the right axis. Credit: NOAA

The index takes greenhouse gas measurements from about 80 ships and observatories around the world — gathered in all their parts per million and parts per billion glory — and boils them down into a simple numerical index, which defines the rise from 1700-1990 as 100 percent or simply 1. This year’s number: 1.4.

It’s a simple number that contains multitudes. For example, carbon dioxide's influence on the climate has increased 54 percent overall since 1990. The four other major greenhouse gases in the index, which include nitrous oxide, methane and two types of chlorofluorocarbons, are responsible for 42 percent of the increase with 15 minor greenhouse gases accounting for the missing 4 percent.

Carbon dioxide has risen rapidly in the atmosphere, with 2016 marking the second-largest annual increase ever observed at the Mauna Loa Observatory, the world’s main measuring station.

Full article with another eye opening graphic:

http://www.climatecentral.org/news/greenhouse-gases-atmosphere-21618

Agelbert NOTE: We go full Renewable energy or we are toast.

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AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #954 on: July 19, 2017, 12:55:22 pm »
Schroders Launches Climate Progress Dashboard, Tracks Current Course Of 4°C Warming

Global asset manager Schroders has launched its own Climate Progress Dashboard which it has designed to provide investors “a unique insight” into the global progress towards limiting global warming to the 2°C target and the overall progress of the transition to a low-carbon global economy.
July 19th, 2017 by Joshua S Hill

SNIPPET:

Quote
Currently, and somewhat disturbingly, the Dashboard predicts — based on all 12 of the indicators — that Earth is on course to see a temperature rise of 4°C above pre-industrial levels, and double the Paris Climate Agreement. Specifically, according to Schroders, while “global political action points to a 3.6°C temperature rise, current oil and gas production is running at a level consistent with temperature rises twice that level, highlighting the risks that remain inherent in energy companies.”

Unsurprisingly, Schroders also points to the recent decision by US President Donald Trump to withdraw his country from the Paris Climate Agreement.

https://cleantechnica.com/2017/07/19/schroders-launches-climate-progress-dashboard-tracks-current-course-4c-warming/


COMMENTS:  8)

Quote
Steve_S
2C is what they are calling as an "average" but that is not reality. Some areas are already seeing increases far beyond that, as yet, I have not seen a single report that indicates any temperature drops occurring anywhere on this planet.

Considering the vastness of our Oceans and the fact that they are warming every year which requires an extreme amount of energy to do so AND while there is billions of litres of Glacier / Ice Melt dumping in which is a cooler simultaneously, what are we "Bargaining" here ?

Simple enough... Take a pot, put 1 litre of cold water in it and set it on the stove to boil. Takes only a minute or two and voila.... Triple the amount of water & the longer it takes... Start tossing in ice cubes while attempting to boil it, it will take much longer to gain temp... A LOT of heat has to be applied to keep a Temp Increase WHILE adding cold to it !!! Come on, basic grade school science covers this (well used to anyways).

IF you stopped everything that increases global temps TODAY, the momentum / inertia that we have put into affecting the climate, will continue to carry the rising temps forward unabated for decades.

If a 50 Tonne freight car on a rail track is pushed manually to a speed of 15kmh by two men, it takes a while but will get there, now take those two men and set them in front and try to stop it, what happens ? splat ! Will it take 20 ? 30 ? 100? to stop that 50 tonne railcar ? Our Planet, the "Gold Fish bowl" we live in is far more than 50 Tonnes and it took far more than 2 burly lads pushing it to this point.... It will take many many more to stop it.

agelbert > Steve_S
Excellent and accurate analysis of the sad situation we are in. Thank you.
 
Freddy D
Project Drawdown lays out a comprehensive plan to reverse global warming (not just slow emissions). 80 feasible and economical solutions to restore greenhouse gases to a sustainable state.

Well worth a look. EVs are part of the overall solution for sure, but only 6%.

Kurt Lowder > Freddy D
do you agree though that EVs will make batteries much cheaper so they are vital to make battery storage affordable enough for 100% renewable power.

Freddy D  > Kurt Lowder
Absolutely and Project Drawdown shows how 100% renewable energy is 24% of the overall solution. And that cheaper batteries enables that. Oh, it also lays out how much cheaper that will be than today's approach.

It's a great analysis and well worth a look.

agelbert > Freddy D
Excellent! Now THAT is what I call responsible behavior!


What it Means to be Responsible
Reflections on Our Responsibility for the Future

Kurt Lowder
i do not think we will get anywhere near 4 degrees celcius. I have seen prices of renewables, batteries, and EVs fall so fast. we are just getting to the point where all these technologies start to take off. we have barely started up the S-curve.
 

agelbert  > Kurt Lowder
I wish I could agree with you, because you are certainly right about the acceleration of the transition to renewables. The problem is that, as Steve_S points out in another comment, in order to stop the climate change inertia at 2C, you have to have stopped emitting GHG pollutants DECADES AGO!

The only way we can keep the lid at 2C, which incredibly dangerous in itself, by the way, is to have some sort of massive international program to reduce our CO2 PPM back to 350 PPM within about 50 years.


There is absolutely no evidence that major world governments have the will to stop polluting (i.e. ADDING CO2 towards 4C PLUS!), never mind financing the reduction of CO2 (e.g. massive duckweed ponding on deserts to jack up CO2 absorption and eventually reduce it to 350 PPM) and other GHG pollutants.

If the governments of the world acted responsibly, this is what they would do:



Reflections on Our Responsibility for the Future
What it Means to be Responsible


André Balsa
I think it's important to note that the Schroders "Climate Progress Dashboard" is NOT a scientific tool or model to predict global warming.
The IPCC does provide us with reports which are based on the best current climate science which provide different global warming scenarios according to possible future emissions, usually "low", "medium", "business as usual" and "high" emissions.
4C warming is consistent with the "business as usual" scenario.
It is the responsibility of our generation and of financial institutions such as Schroders to make sure we implement as soon as possible public policies to reduce emissions to levels compatible with the "low" scenario.
 
agelbert  > André Balsa
No, 4C is NOT consistent with the "business as usual" scenario. IPCC modelling is ridiculously low balling the RCPs (Representative Concentration Pathways). WHY? Because they exclude several positive feedback loops that are now being observed. The amount of ice melt we NOW have was predicted for 2050! And that is in RCP 8.5 ("business as usual"). And they admit the ice melt from Greenland hasn't even been included in any of the models!

Furthermore, the temperature rise, as well as the RATE of temperature and the RATE of increased ocean acidification predicted in RCP 8.5 are much lower than our present reality. The other "less severe" RCPs are simply wishful thinking happy talk BECAUSE "economic" considerations (Lawyers from various countries, including the USA, MODIFIED all the RCPs AFTER the IPCC scientists submitted them and BEFORE they were published to "protect" GDP among various polluter nations).




The line with the number "1" is the IPCC RCP-8.5 scenario. The temperature increases in lines 2 and 3 ARE NOT in the IPCC RCP-8.5 scenario.

Business as usual is a death sentence for over 75% (or more) of life on Earth.

CHANGES IN THE ARCTIC AND THEIR CLIMATE FEEDBACK IMPLICATIONS: Interview with Scott Goetz



The people that defend business as usual are deluded. There is evidence, which I presented in an article (see below), that even the RCP-8.5 scenario is too conservative.

Climate Change, Blue Water Cargo Shipping and Predicted Ocean Wave Activity: PART 1 of 3
« Last Edit: July 19, 2017, 02:15:29 pm by AGelbert »
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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #955 on: July 20, 2017, 12:55:44 pm »
Grows FAST in almost all geographic areas, at nearly any altitude = SOLUTION to Global Warming!  
Agelbert NOTE: Although the following post is about duckweed as a bio-fuel source, it is just as important, if not more so, to understand that duckweed is the ONLY plant out there that could actually lower the amount of CO2 in our atmosphere. This, of course, would be contingent on the banning of the burning of fossil fuels. We know the corrupted powers that be don't want to do that.  >:( But even if they don't, they will soon be FORCED to seek out the plant that is most likely to "sequester Carbon" (what a ridiculous bit of jargon for absorption of CO2!) at a rate that could start us on the way back to 280PPM of CO2 (Pre-industrial levels).

The geo-engineering techno-fix fossil fuel industry SCAM simply will not work. But the fossil fuel industry corrupted governments all over the world will probably try it, which will certainly make some people rich while it makes things worse for the biosphere.

A massive Duckweed production campaign all over presently non-arable land areas would work IF if  banned the burning fossil fuels completely.

That would be the intelligent and prudent thing to do.
So, we can count on our fossil fuel industry corrupted governments to NOT do it. 

I LOVE DUCKWEED!



http://renewablerevolution.createaforum.com/renewables/ethanol/msg217/#msg217

Pond-dwelling powerhouse’s genome points to its biofuel potential


Duckweed is a tiny floating plant that’s been known to drive people daffy. It’s one of the smallest and fastest-growing flowering plants   ;D that often becomes a hard-to-control weed in ponds and small lakes. But it’s also been exploited to clean contaminated water and as a source to produce pharmaceuticals. Now, the genome of Greater Duckweed (Spirodela polyrhiza) has given this miniscule plant’s potential as a biofuel source a big boost. In a paper published February 19, 2014 in the journal Nature Communications, researchers from Rutgers University, the Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute and several other facilities detailed the complete genome of S. polyrhiza and analyzed it in comparison to several other plants, including rice and tomatoes.

Duckweed, a small, common plant that grows in ponds and stagnant waters, is an ideal candidate as a biofuel raw material.  ;D Photo (at link) by Texx Smith, via flickr
 
Simple and primitive, a duckweed plant consists of a single small kidney-shaped leaf about the size of a pencil-top eraser that floats on the surface of the water with a few thin roots underwater. It grows in almost all geographic areas, at nearly any altitude. Although it’s a flowering plant, it only rarely forms small indistinct flowers on the underside of its floating leaves. Most of the time, it reproduces by budding off small leaves that are clones of the parent leaf. It often forms thick mats on the edges of ponds, quiet inlets of lakes and in marshes. It’s among the fastest growing plants, able to double its population in a couple of days under ideal conditions.

These and other properties make it an ideal candidate as a biofuel feedstock – a raw source for biofuel production. For example, unlike plants on land, duckweeds don’t need to hold themselves upright or transport water from distant roots to their leaves, so they’re a relatively soft and pliable plant, containing tiny amounts of woody material such as lignin and cellulose. Removing these woody materials from feedstock has been a major challenge in biofuel production. Also, although they are small enough to grow in many environments, unlike biofuel-producing microbes, duckweed plants are large enough to harvest easily. ;D

S. polyrhiza turns out to have one of the smallest known plant genomes, at about 158 million base pairs and fewer than 20,000 protein-encoding genes. That’s 27 percent fewer than Arabidopsis thaliana – which, until recently, was believed to be the smallest plant genome – and nearly half as many as rice plants.

Spirodela is one of the smallest plants in the world. Here (at the link)it is displayed with other comparable plants.

 
“The most surprising find was insight into the molecular basis for genes involved in maturation – a forever-young lifestyle,” said senior author Joachim Messing, director of the Waksman Institute of Microbiology at Rutgers University.

S. polyrhiza leaves resemble cotyledons, embryonic leaves inside plant seeds that become the first leaves after germination. But where other plants develop other kinds of leaves as they mature, S. polyrhiza’s never progresses and continuously produces cotyledon leaves. This prolonging of juvenile traits is called “neoteny.” S. polyrhiza had fewer genes to promote and more genes to repress the switch from juvenile to mature growth.

“Because of the reduction in neoteny, there is an arrest in development and differentiation of organs. So this arrest allowed us to uncover regulatory networks that are required for differentiation and development,” Messing said.

Also intriguing to the research team were which genes were preserved over time and which were not. Many of the genes responsible for cellulose and lignin production in land dwelling plants were missing,   and there were fewer copies of those that were present. Genes for another compound related to cell walls called “expansins” which are involved with cell wall and root growth were also reduced.

Genes for starch production, on the other hand, were retained and are probably used for creating starch-filled turions, specialized buds produced by aquatic plants for overwintering, enabling them sink to the bottom of ponds and revive in warmer weather. Moreover, despite the reduced number of total genes, S. polyrhiza has more copies of genes for enzymes involved in nitrogen absorption and metabolism than in other plants. This is probably linked to the plant’s ability to utilize excess nitrogen in contaminated waters.


A thorough understanding of the genome and cellular mechanisms of S. polyrhiza could greatly enhance current efforts to recruit duckweed as a biofuel source. Messing estimates that duckweed will be a viable biofuel source within the next five years and points to Ceres Energy Group in New Jersey, which is already producing electricity from duckweed. Understanding which genes produce which traits will allow researchers to create new varieties of duckweed with enhanced biofuel traits, such as increased reduction of cellulose or increased starch or even higher lipid production. Starch can be directly used as a biofuel source and it can be converted to ethanol, the way corn is currently converted to ethanol fuel, but oils would have greater energy than ethanol.

Duckweed is a relatively simple plant with fronds that float on the surface of the water and roots that extend into the water. In the flask on the left, you can see the dormant phase, turions, that have dropped to the bottom. Photo (at link) by Wenquin Wang
 
“Classical breeding or genetics does not apply here because of its clonal propagation and rare flowering, but these organisms can be transformed with DNA,” Messing said. “Therefore, new variants can be created with modified pathways for industrial applications. These variants would be an enhancement over what can be done now.”

This genome was sequenced as part of a DOE Office of Science JGI Community Science Program (CSP) project (formerly the Community Sequencing Program). It exemplifies the collaborative approach and innovative projects that the CSP enables among researchers. Messing pointed to the study’s advances over previous research.

“The sequencing of this genome opens new frontiers in the molecular biology of aquatic plants,” said Messing. “This publication represents the single largest advance in this field and a new milestone in plant molecular biology and evolution, as previous studies were either classical botany or biochemistry of photosynthesis. The placement of the Spirodela genome as a basal monocot species will serve as a new reference for all flowering plants.”

A video interview with Messing on the promise of duckweed can be found here:

The authors on the publication also include researchers from MIPS/IBIS, Helmholtz Center Munich, Germany; University of California, Davis; Georgia Institute of Technology; Brookhaven National Laboratory; Donald Danforth Plant Science Center; University of Jena, Germany, HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology; and the Leibniz-Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), Germany.

The DOE Joint Genome Institute has announced a new call for letters of intent for the 2015 Community Science Program, due April 10, 2014. Details of the 2015 CSP call can be found at: http://bit.ly/CSP-15.

The U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, supported by the DOE Office of Science, is committed to advancing genomics in support of DOE missions related to clean energy generation and environmental characterization and cleanup. DOE JGI, headquartered in Walnut Creek, Calif., provides integrated high-throughput sequencing and computational analysis that enable systems-based scientific approaches to these challenges. Follow @doe_jgi on Twitter.

DOE’s Office of Science is the largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit science.energy.gov.

Filed Under: News Releases
http://jgi.doe.gov/pond-dwelling-powerhouses-genome-points-biofuel-potential/
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AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #956 on: July 24, 2017, 02:09:45 pm »
Global Average Temperature plot at two meters



Fossil Fuel Industry reaction to the above:
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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #957 on: July 24, 2017, 02:56:20 pm »
Agelbert Note: Hat tip to Azozeo for this news:

2017-07-19 - Methane oozing from melting permafrost in Canada, ground starting to resemble swiss cheese:
http://insideclimatenews.org/news/18072017/arctic-permafrost-melting-methane-emissions-geologic-sources-study

http://www.fasterthanexpected.com/2017/07/19/methane-seeps-out-as-arctic-permafrost-starts-to-resemble-swiss-cheese/

http://phys.org/news/2017-07-permafrost-greenhouse-gas.html]http://phys.org/news/2017-07-permafrost-greenhouse-gas.html

http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-05783-2

Quote: "Global warming may be unleashing new sources of heat-trapping methane from layers of oil and gas that have been buried deep beneath Arctic permafrost for millennia.

As the Earth's frozen crust thaws, some of that gas appears to be finding new paths to the surface through permafrost that's starting to resemble Swiss cheese in some areas, scientists said. In a study released today, the scientists used aerial sampling of the atmosphere to locate methane sources from permafrost along a 10,000 square-kilometer swath of the Mackenzie River Delta in northwestern Canada, an area known to have oil and gas desposits.

Deeply thawed pockets of permafrost, the research suggests, are releasing 17 percent of all the methane measured in the region, even though the emissions hotspots only make up 1 percent of the surface area, the scientists found
."

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #958 on: July 24, 2017, 09:27:21 pm »
Wildfires Are About to Go From Bad to Worse in California

Deluges of rain are helpful, but they can be deadly too.

DOUGLAS MAIN JUL. 24, 2017 6:00 AM

SNIPPET:

It’s the dry season for Cali, he notes, with significant rainfall not expected until the winter. The only hope for significant rains would be if some tropical storm systems from the eastern Pacific made their way north, which is possible but isn’t in the cards in the near future.

“There have been a number of systems, but they’re far south,” Weber says. “Other than that, there’s not much hope for California to get much rain, and…probably we’ll continue to see wildfires get worse.”

He adds, “We had a persistent ridge of high pressure,” which some have called a “ridge of death,” that “persisted for an unusually long time over the Southwest.” It parked itself there for most of the month and “really dried things out,” making conditions ripe for fires. It has since moved eastward over Texas and Kansas, which are now expecting record highs over the next five days or so, he added.

For what it’s worth, such persistent heat ridges are expected to be more common in a “climate change scenario,"” although one can’t point to a single weather event and say it’s due to global warming, Weber says.

Full article:

http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2017/07/wildfires-are-about-to-go-from-bad-to-worse-in-california/
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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #959 on: July 24, 2017, 09:40:27 pm »
MPR News Weather and its underlying science


Climate Cast™

The wildfire-climate change feedback loop

SNIPPET:

Wildfires have always been a part of the American landscape. But recent data shows some worrying links between even small climate changes and dramatic increases in wildfire activity. Just a few degrees rise in temperatures in the western U.S has exponential impacts on wildfire activity.

The data is as alarming as it is clear.

Climate Central analyzed 45 years of U.S. Forest Service records from the western U.S.. They found large fires on Forest Service land are increasing dramatically. The average number of fires over 1,000 acres each year has more than tripled since the 1970s.

This week on MPR News Climate Cast, I asked wildfire and climate expert Dr. Michael Flannigan from the University of Alberta in Canada about those trends.

Full article with audio
:

http://blogs.mprnews.org/updraft/2017/07/the-wildfire-climate-change-feedback-loop/
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