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Author Topic: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️  (Read 75356 times)

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AGelbert

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Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #375 on: November 04, 2015, 01:56:49 pm »


What Effect Will National Climate Plans (INDCs) Have on Global Emissions? 5 Things to Know

Quote
In the run-up to COP 21 in Paris, more than 150 countries have now submitted their post-2020 national climate plans, known as “intended nationally determined contributions,” or INDCs.   

Puff piece full of optimistic  happy talk at link:  




They would not publish my comment but RealClimate, a site run by climate scientists, did. Here it is for your viewing pleasure.  ;D

Russell says: 2 Nov 2015 at 1:51 PM Have Mark Steyn’s minions drunk an unwitting toast to the success of the Paris COP ?

Geoff Beacon says: 2 Nov 2015 at 2:11 PM I’ve been struggling with the the idea that “Green Growth” may not be possible. That’s because the carbon intensity of production may not be reduced fast enough to allow anything but negative economic growth – if we are to keep within the remaining carbon budget. The crude model I assumed is a simplification of the Kaya Identity: Carbon_emissions = Economic_production * Carbon_intensity. Anyone here have any thoughts? (My piece is at http://www.brusselsblog.co.uk/is-green-growth-a-fantasy/)


A. G. Gelbert says: In reply to Russell and Geoff Beacon:

The fossil fuel industry is pulling out all the stops on their corruption and/or threats modus operandi to sabotage or water down any reforms to be proposed In the COP21 Climate Conference in Paris. I have written an article where this is detailed in the 3rd part of the 3 part article that I link at the end of this post.

If they succeed, as they have done in the past, there is no hope whatsoever of preventing a ΔT = PLUS 4 degrees centigrade world within the next 85 years. Even the IPCC RCP-8.5 scenario is too conservative with 400PPM (and increasing at over 3PPM per year) of CO2.

Whether “Green growth” is possible or not then becomes academic. You need a global civilization based infrastructure of manufacturing with a secure supply chain in order to transition quickly to 150% Renewable Energy. The excess above 100% to power civilization is sine qua non in order to get back to 350PPM with carbon sequestering technologies. 400PPM of CO2 is not going away in less than a few centuries, even if we stopped all CO2 emissions today.

That means, according to Professor Peter D. Ward, an American paleontologist and Professor at Sprigg Institute of Geobiology at the University of Adelaide, 25% of all arable land (which happens to be located near sea level and coasts) lost due to salt water table intrusion and trillions of dollars in port facilities and infrastructure also lost.

We do not have the resources or the money to replace all that land and all those facilities. The Precautionary Principle is not just prudent; it is sine qua non to human civilization. At present, there is a pipe dream the fossil fuel industry propagandists are putting out there that we can reduce the PPM of CO2 from 400PPM to 350PPM.

Nuclear submarines cannot go below 4000PPM of CO2, even with high tech scrubbing, after they have been submerged for a few days. They routinely run at 8000PPM CO2. We do NOT have the technology, at present, to get back to 350PPM while continuing to burn ANY fossil fuels whatsoever.

The multi-century persistence of CO2 in the atmosphere has been evidenced in the geological record. The predicted turbulence in the oceans in the Hansen et al study and the rapid sea level rise predicted in the Dutton et al study will threaten global civilization.

That is why COP21 may be our last chance to stop the degrading of democracy worldwide and our biosphere by the fossil fuel industry - See more at: http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2015/11/unforced-variations-nov-2015/#sthash.ac6aQqC4.dpuf

 


Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

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Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #376 on: November 04, 2015, 02:51:01 pm »

A preponderance of "H"'s Roberts says: 2 Nov 2015 at 7:58 PM

Oops.  :o

just published research suggesting that destabilization of the Amundsen sea’s glaciers would indeed undermine the entirety of West Antarctica, as has long been feared. In a new study published Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Johannes Feldmann and Anders Levermann of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research use a sophisticated climate model to study what will happen if these glaciers are, indeed, fully destabilized.

And in essence, they find that the process of retreat doesn’t end with the region currently up against the ocean.
Quote
“We showed that there is actually nothing that stops it,”
said Levermann. “There are troughs and channels and all this stuff, there’s a lot of topography that actually has the potential to slow down or stop the instability, but it doesn’t.”

Or as the paper puts it: “The result of this study is an if–then statement, saying that if the Amundsen Sea Sector is destabilized, then the entire marine part of West Antarctica will be discharged into the ocean.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2015/11/02/scientists-confirm-their-fears-about-west-antarctica-that-its-inherently-unstable/

http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2015/10/28/1512482112 This article contains supporting information

online: http://www.pnas.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1073/pnas.1512482112/-/DCSupplemental Download Supporting Information (PDF) Download Movie_S01 (AVI)


Vendicar Decarian says: 3 Nov 2015 at 1:32 AM

Why do I want economic growth?

Economic growth is nothing but growth in the dollar value of a select set of goods and services.

Decreasing the health of a nation’s population may very well increase GDP by increasing the number of dollars spent on health care.

Is leisure something to be valued? If so then where is it’s value recognized in a nations GDP?

Is raising a family valued? If so then where is that value recognized in a nations GDP?

Is producing a child who is a brain dead thug not valued? Where is it’s value reflected in a nations GDP?

Ask a money grubber how many dollars of love he has for his wife and children and watch how quickly they become incensed and irate as they are forced to realize for the moment that a single parameter can not rate a nation’s well being.

Economics is pure fail.   

See more at: http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2015/11/unforced-variations-nov-2015/#sthash.ac6aQqC4.e9agILs0.dpuf
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

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Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #377 on: November 10, 2015, 02:40:07 am »
Carbon Levels Rising at ‘Frightening Speed’ as Greenhouse Gases and Global Temperature Hit Record High  :(

Cole Mellino | November 9, 2015 10:40 am

http://ecowatch.com/2015/11/09/carbon-hit-record-high/



Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

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Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #378 on: November 14, 2015, 06:20:34 pm »
Monsta said,
Quote
Let us assume the false flag theory is true and this event was planned what would be the objective of such an event? Would it be to convince the French public to be more supportive of aggressive military actions or to take a more hard line approach to immigration? I think if there is a motive it would more likely be the former as staging an event like this simply to reduce immigration is overkill.

I agree that the motive is not more war in the Middle East or the immigration thing.

So, WHAT IS THE MOTIVE?

Polluters Goebbels Style Conspiracy to Sabotage COP21

Let us connect the war profiteering dots, shall we? Some here will scoff and say I just discarded "more war" as a motive. Yes, I did that. But I DID NOT discard WAR SCARE propaganda.

WHAT, EXACTLY, is scheduled to happen next month in PARIS that threatens the bottom line of ALL the war profiteering bastards all over the planet?

COP21!

Can you think of a better way to DISTRACT the worldwide public from the climate change reforms that spell bankruptcy for the polluting "business models" that RELY on price shocks and wars to keep making billions of dollars in profits to buy or bop politicians with?

Can you think of a better way to frighten all the delegates from all over the world coming to Paris next month?

Can you think of a better way to keep the climate change issue OFF the front pages while the COP21 conference gets CASTRATED by the fossil fuel, mining, chemical, weapons manufacturing and pharmaceutical (etc.) industries?

THESE PEOPLE WILL DO ABSOLUTELY ANYTHING TO PRESERVE THEIR PROFITS!
 
Polluters: Do not fu ck with our "business model" or our profits. 

IF IT'S BLOOD ON THE STREETS THAT IS CALLED FOR, THEY WILL DO IT! THEY HAVE A TRACK RECORD FOR DOING IT!. FOLLOW THE GOD DAMNED MONEY! $$$,$$$,$$$,$$$ EVERY YEAR!!!



THIS IS ANOTHER CRIME BY THE POLLUTERS DOOMING FUTURE GENERATIONS!


The Fossil Fuelers   DID THE Climate Trashing, human health depleteing CRIME,   but since they have ALWAYS BEEN liars and conscience free crooks, they are trying to AVOID   DOING THE TIME or     PAYING THE FINE!     Don't let them get away with it! Pass it on!
« Last Edit: November 14, 2015, 10:03:54 pm by AGelbert »
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

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Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #379 on: November 14, 2015, 06:47:18 pm »
Here's another reason, it's a great excuse to ramp up the Police State.

RE

https://www.rt.com/news/322071-security-toughened-paris-attacks/

From Moscow to LA, security measures tightened following Paris attacks


A white rose is attached to a barrier as a French policeman with an automatic weapon secures the area near the Bataclan concert hall the day after a series of deadly attacks in Paris, France, November 14, 2015 © Benoit Tessier / Reuters

Free Assembly GAMING to tilt the COP21 "free choices" through dividem et impera

Well, it CLEARLY makes it easier to STOP/DETAIN/DELAY COP21 delegates from coming to Paris that might be a bit "troublesome" (can't be corrupted) for the polluters.  ;) 
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

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Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

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Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #381 on: November 15, 2015, 12:36:43 am »
Kevin Anderson - Delivering on 2˚C: Evolution or REVOLUTION?
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

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Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #382 on: November 17, 2015, 01:49:27 am »
THE WAR LOVING, FOSSIL FUEL TYRANNY DEFENDING CRIMINALS ARE NOT going to shut down the war for a Viable Biosphere and a Hope for Peace, like they DID in the 1960's and the 1980's, THIS TIME!!!
This symbol of peace in Paris went viral.

11/16/2015 01:15 PM     
 
Yes, Paris Climate Summit WILL Go Ahead As Planned

SustainableBusiness.com News


Calling the UN Climate Summit "an essential meeting for humanity," French Prime Minister Valls says the conference will go ahead as planned, despite the terrorist attack. It is also an opportunity for world leaders to show solidarity with France, he adds. Cancelling it would be "abdicating to terrorists."

The pivotal world conference takes place November 30-December 11.

Around 30,000 people from 120 countries will attend,
including President Obama, Secretary of State Kerry, and heads of state from Canada, China and India. 

Obviously, the terrorist attack adds a dense layer of complexity to these all-important climate negotiations. Fewer people may attend, and it will be hard to solely focus on climate.  ;)

Will the massive Global Climate March take place in Paris on the eve of the summit, as planned? We don't know yet. Activists are meeting today to decide whether to go ahead with a demonstration of 200,000 people.

While it's really bad timing for climate talks, some think it could actually result in stronger outcomes - an opportunity for the world to come together and demonstrate unity.

"The [climate] talks won't gain as much attention in the media because it will be crowded out by other issues. But that's not what's most important," says Paul Bledsoe, a climate official under President Clinton. "The resolve of world leaders is going to be redoubled to gain an agreement and show that they can deliver for populations around the world. The likelihood for a successful agreement has only increased because of these attacks."

Could Backfire 

Unfortunately, one reason why the climate summit couldn't come at a worse time is because Republicans are already using it as a wedge issue.

How can you think about climate under these circumstances, they ask?   "People are afraid. And it is not of global warming,"  Republican energy lobbyist Michael McKenna, told Politico. "The Democrats need to start to speak to that or they will be politically dead."   

While terrorism is certainly a terrifying immediate threat, climate change is an equal, if not much greater long-term threat, and indeed, has many of the same footprints.

The millions of refugees we see today foreshadow the climate refugees of the future. Many believe the Syrian war began as a result of climate-change induced severe drought, which forced millions into cities ... and poverty.

Just days before the terrorist attack, Secretary Kerry gave a speech on climate change and national security:

"By fueling extreme weather events, undermining our military readiness, exacerbating conflicts around the world - climate change is a threat to the security of the United States and, indeed, to the security and stability of countries everywhere. We are talking about the impacts on people everywhere - of severe droughts, rapid sea level rise. We're talking about the impacts on whole cities of unpredictable and uncontrollable extreme weather events. We're talking about the impact on entire countries of fundamental shocks to the global agricultural system.

"We're not just up against some really serious ecological challenges. We also have to prepare ourselves for the potential social and political consequences that stem from crop failures, water shortages, famine and outbreaks of epidemic disease. And we have to heighten our national security readiness to deal with the possible destruction of vital infrastructure and the mass movement of refugees, particularly in parts of the world that already provide fertile ground for violent extremism and terror."

But the urgency of terrorism may just be too high now, and understandably, people can only deal with so much at one time.  ;)

Sadly, Republicans will take advantage of that as an opportunity to bash Democrats as out of touch with what our priorities should be. 

Presidential candidate Mike Huckabee showed his ignorance when he said earlier this year, "a beheading is a far greater threat to an American than a sunburn."     

And they pounced in chorus when Senator Bernie Sanders said during this weekend's Democratic debate, "Climate change is directly related to the growth of terrorism. We must get our act together and listen to what the scientists say. Countries all over the world will struggle .. leading to all kinds of international conflicts. But, of course international terrorism is major issue that we have to address today."

The US Department of Defense released "National Security Implications of a Changing Climate," this summer.

"DoD recognizes the reality of climate change and the significant risk it poses to US interests globally. The National Security Strategy, issued in February 2015, is clear that climate change is an urgent and growing threat to our national security, contributing to increased natural disasters, refugee flows, and conflicts over basic resources such as food and water. These impacts are already occurring, and the scope, scale, and intensity of these impacts are projected to increase over time."

How about if we ALL come together on both terrorism and climate change?!! 

http://www.sustainablebusiness.com/index.cfm/go/news.display/id/26470
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

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Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #383 on: November 21, 2015, 03:01:46 am »
Oct. 29, 2015

Excitement Grows as NASA Carbon Sleuth Begins Year Two

Global average carbon dioxide concentrations as seen by NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 mission, June 1-15, 2015. OCO-2 measures carbon dioxide from the top of Earth's atmosphere to its surface. Higher carbon dioxide concentrations are in red, with lower concentrations in yellows and greens. Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Scientists busy poring over more than a year of data from NASA's Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) mission are seeing patterns emerge as they seek answers to the science questions that drive the mission.


Launched in July 2014, OCO-2, an experimental carbon-dioxide measurement mission, is designed to give the international science community a new view of the global carbon cycle in unprecedented detail. During its two-year primary mission, the satellite observatory is tracking the large-scale movement of carbon between Earth’s atmosphere, its plants and soil, and the ocean, from season to season and from year to year. OCO-2 began routine science operations in September 2014.

"We can already clearly see patterns of seasonal change and variations in carbon dioxide around the globe," said Annmarie Eldering, OCO-2 deputy project scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. "Far more subtle features are expected to emerge over time."

A new animation depicting the first full year of OCO-2 science operations is available at:

https://youtu.be/_UEZqyGU5RU

Armed with a full annual cycle of data, OCO-2 scientists are now beginning to study the net sources of carbon dioxide as well as their "sinks" -- places in the Earth system that store carbon, such as the ocean and plants on land. This information will help scientists better understand the natural processes currently absorbing more than half the carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere by human activities. This is a key to understanding how Earth's climate may change in the future as greenhouse gas concentrations increase.

The first year of data from the mission reveals a portrait of a dynamic, living planet. Between mid-May and mid-July 2015, OCO-2 saw a dramatic reduction in the abundance of atmospheric carbon dioxide across the northern hemisphere, as plants on land sprang to life and began rapidly absorbing carbon dioxide from the air to form new leaves, stems and roots. During this intense, two-month period, known as the “spring drawdown,” OCO-2 measurements show the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide over much of the northern hemisphere decreased by two to three percent. That's 8 to 12 parts per million out of the global average background concentration of 400 parts per million.

"That's a big but expected change," said Eldering. "This is the first time we've ever had the opportunity to observe the spring drawdown across the entire northern hemisphere with this kind of spatial resolution, seeing changes from week to week."


Also as expected, OCO-2 data show increased concentrations of carbon dioxide associated with human activities. Higher carbon dioxide levels of several parts per million are seen in regions where fossil fuels are being consumed by large power plants or megacities. Enhanced levels are also seen in the Amazon, Central Africa and Indonesia, where forests are being cleared and burned to create fields for agricultural use.

Researchers Abhishek Chatterjee of the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland; and Michelle Gierach and Dave Schimel of JPL are investigating a strong correlation observed between atmospheric carbon dioxide over the Pacific Ocean and the current El Nino. Fluctuations in carbon dioxide appear to be strongly linked with warmer sea surface temperatures. OCO-2's unprecedented density of measurements is giving researchers a unique data set to understand and separate the roles that sea surface temperatures, winds, regional emissions and other variables may be playing in the carbon dioxide concentrations.

"We believe 2016 will see breakthrough OCO-2 research results, as scientists work to unravel the mysteries of finding carbon dioxide sources and natural sinks," said Eldering.

Through most of OCO-2's first year in space, the mission team was busy calibrating its science instrument, learning how to process its massive amount of data, and delivering data products to NASA's Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES-DISC) in Greenbelt, Maryland, for distribution to the world’s science community.

Scientists are comparing OCO-2 data to ground-based measurements to validate the satellite data and tie it to internationally accepted standards for accuracy and precision.

Routine delivery of OCO-2 data -- calibrated spectra of reflected sunlight that reveal the fingerprints of carbon dioxide -- began in late 2014, while estimates of carbon dioxide derived from cloud-free OCO-2 observations have been delivered since March 2015. Recently, the OCO-2 team reprocessed the OCO-2 data set to incorporate improvements in instrument calibration and correct other known issues with the original data release.

Every day, OCO-2 orbits Earth 14.5 times and collects and returns about a million measurements. After eliminating data contaminated by clouds, aerosols and steep terrain, between 10 to 13 percent of the measurements are of sufficient quality to derive accurate estimates of the average carbon dioxide concentration between Earth's surface and space. That's at least 100 times more carbon dioxide measurements than from all other sources of precise carbon dioxide data combined.

NASA uses the vantage point of space to increase our understanding of our home planet, improve lives and safeguard our future. NASA develops new ways to observe and study Earth's interconnected natural systems with long-term data records. The agency freely shares this unique knowledge and works with institutions around the world to gain new insights into how our planet is changing.

For more information on OCO-2, visit:

http://www.nasa.gov/oco-2

For more information about NASA's Earth science activities, visit:

http://www.nasa.gov/earth



Alan Buis
 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.
 818-354-0474
Alan.buis@jpl.nasa.gov

2015-336


Last Updated: Oct. 29, 2015

Editor: Tony Greicius



http://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/excitement-grows-as-nasa-carbon-sleuth-begins-year-two
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

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Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #384 on: November 21, 2015, 05:13:16 pm »
This video (To be a success, the climate agreement must do three things:) is too conservative  .  It states that GHG emissions from fossil fuels must be phased out in the SECOND half of this century.
    It will be DISASTROUS for the biosphere if we do not phase out ALL burning of fossil fuels IN THE FIRST HALF of this century. 


http://www.wri.org/blog/2015/11/video-what-are-ingredients-successful-climate-agreement-cop-21?
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

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Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #385 on: November 24, 2015, 02:45:50 am »
Want to Stop Climate Change?  Here's How. 
   


Easy as pie.  Easy, peasy.  All we have to do is tweak a few laws.  ;D

New law.
Quote
Matters relating to climate change and including claims for consequential human suffering and loss shall no longer be protected by the laws of limited liability but shall extend to investors personally, either as lenders, shareholders or as corporate directors, jointly and severally.
Don't just pierce the corporate veil, shred it into tatters.   ;D  For this one, civilization-threatening crisis, you're on the hook, personally, for every last cent you have. The corporate fiction was intended to facilitate commerce, not to destroy mankind.  What was meant to serve us now exists to ruin us.  We made it, we can remake it. 
http://the-mound-of-sound.blogspot.com/2014_11_01_archive.html




« Last Edit: November 25, 2015, 01:26:35 pm by AGelbert »
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

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Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #386 on: November 25, 2015, 01:35:33 pm »
Scientists in an UPROAR over Climate Study

By Lisa Rein

November 24 at 11:07 PM

A top House lawmaker’s confrontation with government researchers over a groundbreaking climate change study is provoking a national backlash from scientists, who say his campaign represents the most serious threat Congress has posed to scientific freedom.

Rep. Lamar Smith (R-Tex.), chairman of the House Committee on Science, Space and Technology, has subpoenaed scientists at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and demanded that they turn over internal e-mails related to their research. Their findings contradicted earlier work showing that global warming had paused, and Smith, a climate change skeptic, has accused them of altering global temperature data and rushing to publish their research in the June issue of the journal Science.

So far, NOAA officials have resisted Smith’s demands, and the showdown has escalated.

The lawmaker has threatened to subpoena Commerce Secretary Penny Pritzker, while scientists have rallied in solidarity with the researchers.

On Tuesday, seven scientific organizations representing hundreds of thousands of scientists sent an unsparing letter to Smith, warning that his efforts are “establishing a practice of inquests” that will have a chilling effect.
“The repercussions of the committee’s actions could go well beyond climate science, setting a precedent to question other topics such as genetically modified organisms and vaccines that have controversial regulatory and policy implications,” the letter said.

The lead signatory was the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the country’s oldest and largest general scientific society. Other signers include the American Chemical Society and the American Geophysical Union. The last of several deadlines has now passed for the government to turn over the documents. A legislative aide at the Science Committee said this week that Smith is open to discussions with NOAA to resolve the conflict.

After NOAA Administrator Kathryn Sullivan again balked at the demands on Friday, the aide said the committee still hopes to negotiate with the agency rather than seek contempt charges. In a letter to Smith, Sullivan defended her agency’s work, saying her staff is not influenced by political interference.

“I have not or will not allow anyone to manipulate the science or coerce the scientists who work for me,” she wrote.

The committee’s top Democrat, Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-Tex.) has called Smith’s investigation a “partisan witch hunt.”

At the center of the feud is a report that appeared in the June 4 online edition of Science, a peer-reviewed journal. The NOAA scientists cited improved, more accurate measurements of global temperatures on land and sea to refute the notion of a warming hiatus, striking at the heart of an argument by climate change skeptics.

NOAA manages one of the world’s most significant archives of oceanic, atmospheric and geophysical data, and its global temperature data is used by scientists worldwide.

Smith has alleged that NOAA researchers used inaccurate data or even manipulated it to promote President Obama’s agenda on climate change. Smith shifted tactics last week, alleging that the research was rushed and citing what he says is information provided by agency whistleblowers showing that some employees at the agency were concerned that it was premature to publish the study.

The lawmaker and committee aides have noted that the study was published two months before the Obama administration announced its Clean Power Plan, which aims to cut carbon emissions from power plants, and five months before this month’s climate summit in Paris.

The researchers may have violated the agency’s scientific integrity standard, Smith suggested.

“Their agenda comes first, and the facts come second if at all,” he said in a speech last week to the Texas Public Policy Foundation in Austin. He denounced the president’s climate agenda as “suspect.”

“The science is clear and overwhelming but not in the way the president says,” Smith said. “NOAA employees altered historical climate data to get politically correct results.”

But a spokeswoman for Science said in an interview that the NOAA scientists’ research was subject to a longer, more intensive review than is customary.

“This paper went through as rigorous a review as it could have received,” said Ginger Pinholster, chief of communications for AAAS, which publishes Science. “Any suggestion that the review was ‘rushed’ is baseless and without merit.”

She said the report, submitted to the journal in December, went through two rounds of peer review by other scientists in the field before it was accepted in May. The number of outside reviewers was larger than usual, and the time from submission to online publication was about 50 percent longer than the journal’s average of 109 days, Pinholster said.

During the review, the research was sent back to NOAA for revision and clarification, she said. And because it was based on such an “intensive” examination of global temperature data, the reviewed was handled by one of the journal’s senior editors, she said, “so it could be more carefully assessed.”
For scientists, the concern over Smith’s investigation goes beyond the issue of global warming. They say his efforts are a threat to the independence of the sometimes-messy and painstaking process of discovery.

“This is not just a few scientists grousing about somebody besmirching the work of a group of scientists,” Rush Holt, chief executive officer of the AAAS, said in an interview. “It’s an affront to the scientific process.”

With the threat of a congressional subpoena now hanging over the head of every scientist, “people will start worrying, ‘did I say something wrong in a conversation with a colleague?’ ” said Holt, a former Democratic congressman from New Jersey. “This is not a small matter.”

Scientists also warn that Smith’s efforts raise concerns for NOAA and other federal agencies, which may now worry about jeopardizing their federal budgets if they get in the crosshairs of a lawmaker who disagrees with their work.

“Now you’ve got somebody who has congressional subpoena power doing this, who can continue to investigate and investigate a particular agency because they don’t like a given result,” said Andrew Rosenberg, director of the Center for Science and Democracy at the Union of Concerned Scientists. “They can carry it over in appropriations.”

Rosenberg’s group sent a letter of support Tuesday to Sullivan signed by two dozen former senior NOAA scientists. Staff members on the House Science committee have declined to detail the information provided by whistleblowers, saying this would identify individuals who want to remain anonymous.

But pressed for more specifics, the staff has pointed as an example to new temperature data that was made publicly available earlier this month and questioned how the scientists used it. The data came from a larger number of measuring stations around the world than previous data sets.

“NOAA should not be publishing headline-grabbing results based on data sets that have not been adequately vetted and were not available to the public,” an aide to the House committee said.

“This isn’t an easy high school science experiment where you do it and you get results and write them up,” another aide said. “There are huge data sets from all over the world. They need to be studied. Every time the sets are changed they have to be worked on to make sure the data set is now valid.

The scientists, however, say their research was based on an earlier version of the data that had been made public and examined by other climate experts. The study published in Science was not based on the updated data released earlier this month, although the two versions are very similar, according to NOAA officials and one of the study’s authors.

That author, Thomas Peterson, described in an interview some of the tensions at NOAA between the scientists and computer engineers who were writing software code for the data and wanted more time to make sure it was reliable. The scientists felt confident using the data that had already been made public and were ultimately vindicated by the latest version.

The conclusions of the Science report were based on corrections and adjustments to even earlier land and sea temperature measurements. These were intended to address what scientists described as measurement biases in readings taken of ocean temperatures and land temperatures that did not fully account for the rapidly warming Arctic.

NOAA published the first updates to the land temperature data set in October 2013 in the Geoscience Data Journal. The revised sea surface data were published in the Journal of Climate in October 2014. These updates were the basis of the study in Science, NOAA officials said.

That combined data set was available publicly in July 2014, officials said.
As NOAA scientists examined the data, they discovered that warming trends over the past few decades would be substantially larger than what the earlier data set indicated, recalled Peterson, who retired from NOAA as principal scientist in July.
“Was there a rush to get [the research] out? No,” he said. “Did we want to get this out to advance the science? Of course.”

https://www.washingtonpost.com/rweb/politics/standoff-over-government-climate-study-provokes-national-uproar-by-scientists/2015/11/25/26cc98a0-ab20-4a3a-9918-2235180b10ff_story.html
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

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Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #387 on: November 25, 2015, 06:43:23 pm »
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

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Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #388 on: November 27, 2015, 03:25:18 pm »
Pope Francis: ‘Catastrophic’ Climate if Paris Talks Fail


Pope Francis warned on Wednesday that the world is facing a “grave environmental crisis” and spoke of the intersection between social justice and the protection of nature.

The pontiff’s comments, made in the Kenyan capital at the start of his first visit to the continent, come just days ahead of the UN climate summit in Paris, where global delegates will hammer out an agreement to curb climate change.


Full article:


http://ecowatch.com/2015/11/27/pope-francis-cop21/

Don't miss the Agebert comments! ;D

Our Responsibility to Future Generations
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

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Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #389 on: November 29, 2015, 11:51:09 pm »
Records Reveal Warming’s First Warning
Posted on Nov 28, 2015


By Tim Radford / Climate News Network

Changes in cherry blossom flowering times are indicators of climate shift. (Lovisa Lagerqvist via Flickr)

This Creative Commons-licensed piece first appeared at Climate News Network.

LONDON—Climate change may have begun more than 25 years ago. At around the time that global warming and the spectre of climate change first emerged as a geopolitical challenge for future generations, it had already commenced, according to new research.

As world leaders gather in Paris for COP21, the UN summit seeking to get a global agreement on responses to climate change, British oceanographers and colleagues from around the world have identified a “major change in the Earth’s biophysical systems” in the late 1980s.

They looked back into recent climate history, and now say that the change can be attributed to “rapid global warming from anthropogenic plus natural forcing.”
 
Climate scientists have been warning for decades that the build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, as a result of the human combustion of fossil fuels, will at some point tip stable climate zones into new regimes—a shift defined by the researchers as an “abrupt, substantial and persistent” change.

Most climate scientists expect such change to happen in the next few decades, but this new study seems to declare that it has already started to happen.


Cause and effect

The scientists report in Global Change Biology journal that they have identified a worldwide pattern of change, centred around 1987, that was seemingly associated with the eruption of Mexico’s El Chichón volcano in 1982.

Analyses such as these are complex. No single weather event can be taken as significant, while cause and effect also are not easily linked.

But the researchers are sure they have found a significant pattern emerging from a huge range of records—from cherry blossom times in Japan, Washington DC and Switzerland to grape ripening dates in Germany, and from the arrival of the migrant sand martins in the UK to the duration of wildfires in the western US.

“We demonstrate, based on 72 long time series, that a major change took place in the world centred on 1987 that involved a step change and move on to a new regime in a wide range of Earth systems,” says the study’s lead author, Philip “Chris” Reid, professor of oceanography at Plymouth University’s Marine Institute in the UK.
Quote

“A major change took place in the world
 centred on 1987 that [led to] a new regime
 in a wide range of Earth systems.”


“Our work contradicts the perceived view that major volcanic eruptions just lead to a cooling of the world. In the case of a regime shift, it looks as if global warming has reached a tipping point where the cooling that follows such eruptions rebounds with a rapid rise in temperature in a very short time.

Quote
“The speed of this change has a pronounced effect on many biological, physical and chemical systems throughout the world, but is especially evident in the Northern temperate zone and the Arctic.”

Any research that “contradicts a perceived view” is likely to be examined, challenged and countered by other climate scientists. One study will not settle the argument, but observers with long memories will recognise that this hindsight evidence for climate regime shift coincides with the moment that climate change emerged as a political subject in 1988.

During a prolonged drought and devastating heatwave that summer in the US and Canada, the then NASA scientist James Hansen warned a US senate committee: “It’s time to stop waffling so much and say the evidence is pretty strong that the greenhouse effect is here.”


Marked decline

Professor Reid and his colleagues have now detected a marked decline in the growth rate of carbon dioxide after the regime shift, coinciding with the growth of new vegetation on land and sea that had once been under ice and snow.

They found that the annual timing of the regime shift moved around the world from west to east, starting with South America in 1984, North America a year later, the north Atlantic in 1986, Europe in 1987, and Asia in 1988.

Data from the time series embraces a huge range of systematically-measured events, such as the temperature of rivers in Switzerland, the mass of phytoplankton in the North Sea, and the Japan Sea tuna catch.

During this period, the winter river flow into the Baltic increased by 60%, and the average duration of wildfires in the western US increased fourfold. The scientists estimate that the shift in the 1980s was the largest in a thousand years.

The researchers conclude that the shift they perceive will affect how the seas, forests and wetlands soak up carbon from the atmosphere, a key factor in continuing climate change.

“The wide range of changes associated with the 1980s regime shift supports a threshold thesis that moved the whole global system into a new, rapidly warming state, with compounding consequences,” they say.

Tim Radford, a founding editor of Climate News Network, worked for The Guardian for 32 years, for most of that time as science editor. He has been covering climate change since 1988.


http://www.truthdig.com/report/item/records_reveal_warmings_first_warning_20151128

Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

 

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