+- +-

+-User

Welcome, Guest.
Please login or register.
 
 
 
Forgot your password?

+-Stats ezBlock

Members
Total Members: 52
Latest: Carnesia
New This Month: 0
New This Week: 0
New Today: 0
Stats
Total Posts: 16222
Total Topics: 264
Most Online Today: 2
Most Online Ever: 201
(December 08, 2019, 11:34:38 pm)
Users Online
Members: 0
Guests: 1
Total: 1

Author Topic: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️  (Read 76083 times)

0 Members and 0 Guests are viewing this topic.

AGelbert

  • Administrator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 33007
  • Location: Colchester, Vermont
    • Renwable Revolution
Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #180 on: March 05, 2015, 06:04:33 pm »
There are MILLIONS of angry moma bear moms out there raising cain about the aerosol geo-engineering going on  . They will be heard. No more pus sy for the Phil Rasches of this world! img]http://www.runemasterstudios.com/graemlins/images/2thumbs.gif[/img]   ;D

And if that doesn't work, dual orchiectomies can be performed while they sleep! Forget the Orkin man; here comes the Orchi WOMAN!
I am the Orchi Woman and I know where you sleep.
Quote
Orchiectomy (also named orchidectomy, and sometimes shortened as orchi  ) is a surgical procedure in which one or both testicles are removed.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orchiectomy


Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

  • Administrator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 33007
  • Location: Colchester, Vermont
    • Renwable Revolution
Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #181 on: March 06, 2015, 10:56:00 pm »
Quote
Defense Attorney Jonathan Wallace successfully argued that the Constitution protects Americans’ rights to “express political speech within proximity to the target of the protest. 

In this case, the NYPD  first prevented protesters from entering Wall Street before later ordering them to leave the area altogether.” This method of policing proved to be unlawful.


Anybody taking bets on how long before this LAWFUL interpretation of our Constitution will be REVERSED by the handmaiden of our Fascist Government (the Corrupt Court System)?   


10 People Found Not Guilty in Flood Wall Street Protest, Judge Takes Judicial Notice of Climate Change
 



http://ecowatch.com/2015/03/06/found-not-guilty-flood-wall-street/



 
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

  • Administrator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 33007
  • Location: Colchester, Vermont
    • Renwable Revolution
Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #182 on: March 07, 2015, 10:00:53 pm »
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

  • Administrator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 33007
  • Location: Colchester, Vermont
    • Renwable Revolution
Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #183 on: March 10, 2015, 01:01:33 am »
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

  • Administrator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 33007
  • Location: Colchester, Vermont
    • Renwable Revolution
Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #184 on: March 14, 2015, 08:07:10 pm »
EPA    "debunks" 'chemtrails,' further fueling conspiracy theories   

 

See Agnotology. The EPA is the SAME agency that RAISED the radionuclide "acceptable" levels in the air, ground and water after Fukushima.  :P


Quote
We are often unaware of the scope and structure of our ignorance. Ignorance
is not just a blank space on a person’s mental map. It has contours and coherence,
and for all I know rules of operation as well. So as a corollary to writing
about what we know, maybe we should add getting familiar with our ignorance.

Thomas Pynchon, 1984

Doubt is our product.
Brown & Williamson Tobacco Company, internal memo, 1969

http://scholar.princeton.edu/sites/default/files/Agnotology%20Intro%20Chapter,%20Robert%20Proctor_0.pdf

THIS is what is going on in our government since the Manhattan Project in EVERY area of science considered important to Nation (predatory corporate) Security.  :P

ag notol og y : a mi s s i ng t e r m

Snippet:

Military Secrecy

Tobacco duplicity is notorious, but deliberate ignorance also comes from numerous other sources, such as military classification. Estimates are that a quarter of the world’s technical personnel have some kind of military clearance; there are secret scientific facts, secret scientific methods, secret scientific societies, secret scientific journals, and (probably) secret laws of nature. Military men don’t always want to keep secrets from themselves, so firewalls are established to allow a community of cognoscenti with “clearance” to meet in private to discuss classified matters.

The National Security Agency, for example, maintains an Internet firewalled from the outside world, as do some of our larger private corporations. The Manhattan Project in World War II (to make an atomic bomb) set the stage for much of America’s postwar secret research; the project diverted much of the country’s scientific talent and the name itself was a deception, as was Britain’s comparable “Tube Alloys Project.” Nuclear technologies have been clothed in secrecy from quite early on: the very existence of plutonium, for example, was classified for several years after its discovery, and words like “radiation” and “radioisotope” were not supposed to be bandied about. Neither word was mentioned in the first 200 articles written on the atom bomb.48

Atomic secrecy was also the rationale for entire scientific disciplines going underground, with code names devised for sensitive topics.
The field of “Health Physics,” for example, has its origins in the need to explore the novel hazards of atomic radiation, with the name being deliberately kept vague to disguise the fact that projects were underway to explore health and safety in the nuclear workplace.

The whole point of secrecy in this realm is to hide, to feint, to distract, to deny access, and to monopolize information.
Global positioning system locations are tweaked to keep “sensitive” locations (for example, the White House) unknowable—and so untargetable—and entire cities have been erased from maps or never drawn in. The National Security Agency is larger and more secretive even than the Central Intelligence Agency (NSA = “No Such Agency”)49 and the National Reconnaissance Office is more shadowy still, and even better funded. Most secret would be those offices and operations “we” in the outside world know nothing about. Classified research in the United States is hidden in the so-called Black Budget, which currently exceeds the amounts funded for education and many other social services. In November of 2005, Mary Margaret Graham, deputy director of National Intelligence at the CIA, revealed the total U.S. intelligence budget to be $ 44 billion per annum.50

The impact of military secrecy on science has been profound, affecting nearly every branch of knowledge.


There are many examples of military agnogenesis. Military-sponsored research in the 1940s led to early predictions of global warming and the melting of the polar ice caps; the guardians of military secrecy kept this quiet, however, and the topic was not widely and openly discussed.52

Climate science has suffered new kinds of agnotology in recent years, as Bush administration strategists have tried to keep the question of anthropogenic global warming “open.”53 As with tobacco industry apologetics, out as prevarication.


Military research has more often generated ignorance by passive agnogenesis: we have many examples where military funding has pushed certain areas, leaving others to languish. Carbon-14 research, for example, was heavily supported by the military as part of nuclear isotope research (Libby’s work), whereas oxygen isotope analysis languished underfunded. Science responds to funding opportunities, which means that ignorance can be maintained or created in certain areas simply by “defunding.”

When Ronald Reagan took office in 1980, federal funding for solar energy research was zeroed out. Semiconductor studies that could have pushed forth knowledge in this realm were transferred to areas such as the “hardening” of silicon chips to resist the neutron flux from an atomic blast. Solar technology “know-how” suffered from this loss of funding; ignorance here resulted from a decision to emphasize fossil fuels over renewable energy sources.

http://scholar.princeton.edu/sites/default/files/Agnotology%20Intro%20Chapter,%20Robert%20Proctor_0.pdf

If you think the EPA is telling the truth about the 24/7 aerosol spraying, SINCE the year 2000, being done for the SOLE PURPOSE of preserving Fossil Fuel Profits on the TAXPAYER DIME, You are a either a naïve fool or a cynical opportunist.    




Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

  • Administrator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 33007
  • Location: Colchester, Vermont
    • Renwable Revolution
Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #185 on: March 24, 2015, 05:57:32 pm »
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LCauqUoQy-w&feature=player_embedded
Save this so your grandkids can see what Greenland was like before the ice melted.  :(
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

  • Administrator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 33007
  • Location: Colchester, Vermont
    • Renwable Revolution
Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #186 on: March 27, 2015, 09:40:28 pm »

Fig. 1 Linear temperature trend from 1900 to 2013. The cooling in the subpolar North Atlantic is remarkable and well documented by numerous measurements unlike the cold spot in central Africa, which on closer inspection apparently is an artifact of incomplete and inhomogeneous weather station data.


What’s going on in the North Atlantic

Filed under: Climate Science
 — stefan @ 23 March 2015

The North Atlantic between Newfoundland and Ireland is practically the only region of the world that has defied global warming and even cooled. Last winter there even was the coldest on record – while globally it was the hottest on record. Our recent study (Rahmstorf et al. 2015) attributes this to a weakening of the Gulf Stream System, which is apparently unique in the last thousand years.

Full article at link.
http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2015/03/whats-going-on-in-the-north-atlantic/?wpmp_tp=1
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

  • Administrator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 33007
  • Location: Colchester, Vermont
    • Renwable Revolution
Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #187 on: March 30, 2015, 02:53:10 pm »
 Antarctica Records Hottest Day Ever, New Study Finds Rapid Acceleration of Ice Melt

Cole Mellino | March 30, 2015 10:08 am

The warmest temperature ever recorded in Antarctica may have occurred last Tuesday with a thermometer reading 63.5 degrees Fahrenheit at Argentina’s Esperanza Base on the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, according to Weather Underground. The previous record was set the day before at 63.3 degrees at Argentina’s Marambio Base on a small islet just off the coast of the Antarctic Peninsula.


The Antarctic Peninsula experienced record heat last week. Photo credit: Shutterstock

Prior to this week’s record heat wave for the icy continent, the hottest known temperature in Antarctica was 62.8 degrees Fahrenheit, recorded at Esperanza Base on April 24, 1961. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has not officially declared last week’s temperatures as all-time weather records for Antarctica, but “the Argentinian weather service has verified that the temperatures measured at Esperanza Base and Marambio Base were the highest ever measured at each site,” said Weather Underground.

The WMO has traditionally had a more narrow definition of Antarctica, which only include sites south of the Antarctic Circle and not the Esperanza and Marambio bases. But even if the WMO doesn’t officially recognize the recordings, the message is clear. The Antarctic peninsula is one of the fastest warming spots on the planet.

The record heat coincides with the release of a new study from Science that finds “ice shelves in West Antarctica have lost as much as 18 percent of their volume over the last two decades, with rapid acceleration occurring over the last decade. The study found that from 1994 to 2003, the overall loss of ice shelf volume across the continent was negligible, but over the last decade West Antarctic losses increased by 70 percent,” says Think Progress.

The heat wave also coincides with Robert Swan and his 2041 team’s Antarctic Expedition, which wrapped up last week. The point of the trip was to document the firsthand effects of climate change, which was obviously very apparent.
http://ecowatch.com/2015/03/30/antarctica-hottest-day-ever/

Agelbert NOTE: Be sure to click on the link to enjoy the comments I made to the propagandists that showed up to peddle Agonotology based LIES and unscientific DOUBT. 


The climate denier friends of fossil fuelers
 have difficulties with the truth.



Fig. 1 Linear temperature trend from 1900 to 2013. The cooling in the subpolar North Atlantic is remarkable and well documented by numerous measurements unlike the cold spot in central Africa, which on closer inspection apparently is an artifact of incomplete and inhomogeneous weather station data.
What’s going on in the North Atlantic? 

Filed under: Climate Science
 — stefan @ 23 March 2015
The North Atlantic between Newfoundland and Ireland is practically the only region of the world that has defied global warming and even cooled. Last winter there even was the coldest on record – while globally it was the hottest on record. Our recent study (Rahmstorf et al. 2015) attributes this to a weakening of the Gulf Stream System, which is apparently unique in the last thousand years.  :o

Full article by a credentialed climate scientist at link.
http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2015/03/whats-going-on-in-the-north-atlantic/?wpmp_tp=1
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

  • Administrator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 33007
  • Location: Colchester, Vermont
    • Renwable Revolution
Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #188 on: April 01, 2015, 07:56:15 pm »
Quote
This is one of the first studies to accurately document the amount of water being contributed by melting glaciers, which add about 57 cubic kilometers of water a year to the estimated 792 cubic kilometers produced by annual precipitation in this region. The combination of glacial melt and precipitation produce an amount of water that’s larger than many of the world’s great rivers, such as the Ganges, Nile, Volga, Niger, Columbia, Danube or Yellow River  :P.


The copper river in the Gulf of Alaska-NASA

Tue Mar 31, 2015 at 02:44 AM PDT.

Massive Glacier Melt and Fresh Water are Pouring into the Gulf of Alaskahttp://www.dailykos.com/story/2015/03/31/1373930/-Massive-Glacier-Melt-and-Fresh-Water-are-Pouring-into-the-Gulf-of-Alaska

Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

  • Administrator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 33007
  • Location: Colchester, Vermont
    • Renwable Revolution
Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #189 on: April 03, 2015, 06:48:12 pm »

It was a BITTER cold winter in Vermont.  How can that be?  ???    

Is the "Global Warming" claimed by all those "sneaky", temperature record statistics and data  "distorting", "double talking" (see MKing or Gail Tverberg for details on this heinous plot to attack the altruistic fossil fuel industry that has provided us with cheap energy, jobs, money to buy our favorite foods like veal and foi gras   , better living through chemistry, pharmaceuticals, plastics, civilization, democracy and heaven on earth  )  a massive hoax?   :o Is it a huge scam?   :P Is it a trick to provide grant money to nerds while we all freeze to death?  >:( Will these scientists come clean or will we be, mercilessly and cruelly, required to give up our predatory capitalist benefiting oil wars, fossil fuel powered transportation and the All American Tradition of exploitation of planetary resources without reflection?

Reflection is for wimps!  Aren't we supposed to be APEX PREDATORS? Aren't we the CROWN of EVOLUTION?

Who are these pesky scientists to tell the fabulous fossil fuel industry that it has a suicidal "business" model? 

 
They are scientists. They have made the objective observation that what WE are doing IS suicidal. 

The fossil fuel industry resents being called suicidal whackos.   But the fact is, not only is their fathomless greed and power lust in a FINITE WORLD BIOSPHERE  a mark of insanity, all their bribed politicians, shills and pseudo-scientists that claim we aren't destroying our seed corn for profit over planet ARE SUICIDAL WHACKOS too.


If you live in Eastern North America and do not understand why, with a warming globe, you froze your derriere off this past winter, then you should read what real climate scientists say before you swallow Inhofe snowballs on behalf of the fossil fuel fascists. IOW, we are experiencing bitter winters in Eastern North America BECAUSE of Global Warming, not IN SPITE of it!   

This was predicted several years ago, as a matter of fact. So don't let the propagandists  carrying water for the dirty energy industries pull the Agnotology wool over your eyes.

Agelbert NOTE: Before diving into  the article titled "A hypothesis about the cold winter in eastern North America + Update", please read the following comments and the correct apologetic response form the climate scientist that wrote the article.

Stefan responds like a true scientist. Notice the lack of puffery or arrogance.    Notice no attempt to talk down to or denigrate the commenters as MKing, the self proclaimed "geochemist" scientist does routinely. MKing misleads, Stefan does good science, period.


climatehawk1 says:
30 Mar 2015 at 9:29 AM

One very modest step that can be taken on this post and all other scientific writings in order to help educate interested readers: always first give the full name of something and its acronym in parentheses following, prior to using the acronym alone, e.g.: “Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC)”. This is something that new reporters are trained to do–because all readers are assumed to be newbies–and it would be an excellent discipline for scientific communicators as well.

[Response: Thanks, good point! I’ve added a glossary at the bottom.]

Chuck Larlham says:
30 Mar 2015 at 11:14 AM

And you’ve just perfectly demonstrated the problem the climatology scientists have… Your jargon is unintelligible, nor could most of them do any better with the biological jargon in which my research work was soaked, and the general public can’t read either of them. Too much prior understanding is assumed. I, for instance, having read the first part three times (I’m almost ready to start diagramming sentences), still do not understand why you reversed the signs in the warming cooling gyres (at least I know what a gyre is). Granted I hold only a Master of Science in Ecology and Environmental Science (from USU’s School of Wildlife Biology), but I am nonetheless a scientist, and I am made to feel utterly ignorant.

Now, if I become frustrated enough, I can dig this stuff apart and figure out the details, or I can say, “Well, I trust the methodology used by competent scientists,” which is my more likely response. And I have valid reason for that. Unfortunately, the general public, and that includes the lawyers who make up the vast majority of our State and federal Representatives and Senators, does not. They just get lost in this stuff.

[Response: Agreed – this post was written too quickly as a follow-up and assumed prior knowledge of the key terms from my previous post. Btw. – you don’t need to understand why in some cases the temperature pattern is plotted for an increase and in some cases for a decrease in the AMOC, as long as you get the point that the colours in some plots are just the other way round although they show the same thing. -stefan]



NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the USA – an agency that e.g. publishes climate data

AMOC Atlantic Meriodional Overturning Circulation (for lay people the Gulf Stream System as mentioned in my previous post)

SSTSea surface temperature

HadISSTa particular sea surface temperature data product from the British Met Office

EOFEmpirical Orthogonal Function – you don’t need to understand how this works, just a statistical method to derive patterns of change



A hypothesis about the cold winter in eastern North America + Update


Filed under:
Climate impacts
Climate Science
Oceans

— stefan @ 30 March 2015

The past winter was globally the warmest on record. At the same time it set a new cold record in the subpolar North Atlantic – and it was very cold in the eastern parts of North America. Are these things related? 

Two weeks ago NOAA published the following map of temperature anomalies for the past December-January-February (i.e. the Northern Hemisphere winter). One week ago, we published a paper in Nature Climate Change (which had been in the works for a few years) arguing that the cold in the subpolar North Atlantic is indicative of an AMOC slowdown (as discussed in my last post). Immediately our readers started to ask (as we indeed had been asking ourselves): does the cold winter in eastern North America (culminating in the Inhofe snowball incident) have anything to do with what is going on in the Atlantic?

Fig. 1 Temperature anomaly map for the past december-january-february, from NOAA.

Here is a hypothesis for how they may indeed be linked. This is somewhat speculative – I have not investigated this with any special data analysis, I am just connecting the dots of some articles in the published literature, hoping this post might stimulate further investigation. The proposed mechanism has three simple steps, as follows.

1. The AMOC slows down – see my previous post.

2. The slowdown not only leads to a cold patch out in the Atlantic subpolar gyre, but also to warm sea surface temperature anomalies along the east coast of North America. This dipole response was found in the EOF analysis of observed sea surface temperatures by Dima and Lohmann (2011) (Fig.2). An EOF analysis is a standard statistical tool to decompose changes in space and time into a set of characteristic fixed spatial patterns, each of which follows a particular time evolution. That makes sense when a particular physical mechanism of change (such as an AMOC slowdown) has a characteristic spatial pattern. The pattern shown in Fig. 2 is the one identified by Dima and Lohman with the gradual AMOC decline over the 20th Century. (Note you have to reverse colours – as shown in the graph it corresponds to an AMOC increase, because this pattern is then multiplied with a negative time evolution).


Fig. 2 Temperature pattern EOF2 in the HadISST data set, as analysed by Dima and Lohmann and identified with a gradual AMOC decline. Note that in this (and the following) graph the sign is reversed; an AMOC weakening comes with a cold patch south of Greenland and warming along the North American east coast.

Dima and Lohmann also show a second pattern (Fig. 3) associated with the sudden AMOC decline in the 1970s which we also see in the AMOC index in our paper.


Fig. 3 Temperature pattern derived from a correlation analysis and identified by Dima and Lohmann with a rapid 1970s AMOC weakening.

In either case the anomaly in the subpolar North Atlantic is associated with an opposite anomaly along the North American east coast.

This dipole response to an AMOC slowdown is also found in models, as shown by Zhang (2008) – in her paper she presented the schematic shown in Fig. 4. Note you also need to reverse the colors in the diagram of Zhang – she chose to show the effect of an increase, not a slowdown of the AMOC, because she was looking at the increase after 1990 which we also find in our index. Zhang derived this pattern for the subsurface temperatures, so I asked her whether she also found a similar dipole in sea surface temperatures. She responded: “The dipole pattern shown in the subsurface is indeed also expressed in the SST, I use subsurface temperature because it is less noisy than SST.”


Fig. 4 Dipole induced by strengthening the AMOC – for a weakening of the AMOC the reverse response is expected. From Zhang 2008.

Was this warm anomaly along the American east coast present last winter? Definitely – I happen to have saved two snapshots of SST anomalies on my hard disk, shown below.

Fig. 5 SST anomalies for 12 December and 11 February. Note the cold patch in the subpolar Atlantic and the very warm SSTs along the North American east coast. Source: Climate Reanalyzer.

3. Warm SST along the American east coast creates a cold anomaly in the eastern parts of North America by radiating groups of Rossby waves. This was shown in a very elegant paper by Kaspi and Schneider (2011). They set out to explain why the eastern parts of the northern continents are in general much colder than the rest of the hemisphere. They took an idealized climate model, with no continents or other distractions (an “aquaplanet”), and simply pumped a heat anomaly into one small ocean region to mimic the effect of the Gulf Stream. Voila: upstream of this heat anomaly they got a big cold anomaly.

They also performed a clever, fun experiment: they increased the rotation rate of their planet and showed that the size of that cold patch increases in proportion. The theory of Rossby wave propagation explains this.


Fig. 6 Temperature anomalies that result from adding an ocean heat anomaly in the triangular region on an aquaplanet.

This triangular heating region is to mimic warm sea surface temperatures (which provide a strong heat source to the atmosphere) along the North American coast. Note the cold anomaly that develops upstream. Left panel shows normal, right panel doubled rotation rate of the Earth.

They conclude in their paper:
The anomalous winter cold of eastern continental boundaries can result at least in part from radiation of nearly stationary Rossby wave groups off the regions of large surface heat fluxes over the warm waters in oceanic western boundary currents.
(They say “in part” because there are other factors like topography – but these don’t change over time, so don’t come into play when explaining why the last winter was colder than usual.)

Of course we need to be cautious – theirs is an idealised experiment which isolates and demonstrates this mechanisms in principle, but does not prove how strong it is in the real world. Certainly, changes in heating from the Gulf Stream will not be the only thing that influences winter weather along the Atlantic seaboard of North America, so we can’t expect a one-to-one relation. But I think this connection is worthy of further investigation.

By the way, this 3-step explanation of the cold of the past winter is not an alternative to the “jet stream meander” or “polar vortex” explanations – rather, it may simply help to explain why there was this persistent strong southward inflow of polar air into the eastern parts of North America. It might just have been helped along by the very warm waters along the coast – and those may well be related to the AMOC slowdown.

p.s. Sorry about the jargon in this post, which was a quick follow-up to my better-prepared previous one. Here a glossary:


NOAA – National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the USA – an agency that e.g. publishes climate data
AMOC – Atlantic Meriodional Overturning Circulation (for lay people the Gulf Stream System as mentioned in my previous post)
SST – Sea surface temperature
HadISST – a particular sea surface temperature data product from the British Met Office
EOF – Empirical Orthogonal Function – you don’t need to understand how this works, just a statistical method to derive patterns of change


Update 1 April: I just read another related paper which I thought would be worth sharing here. Zhang et al. (Journal of Climate 2011) ran a high-resolution climate model with eddy-permitting ocean – the main point here is that the narrow overflows from the Nordic Seas into the Atlantic can be represented in a much better way at such a high resolution. They perturbed the AMOC by altering the overflow so that it increased, which then had the effect of strengthening the entire AMOC. The change in sea surface temperature looks like this:


Note they get a warming due to the stronger AMOC just in the area where we find a cooling in the data (which we interpret as indicator of a weakened AMOC). And they get a cooling along the North American coast north of Hatteras. The arrows show the change in currents and reveal the reason for that cooling: the northern recirculation gyre, located to the north of the Gulf Stream, increases in strength and brings colder waters from the north down along the US/Canadian coast (as sketched in Fig. 4). Thus this connection described above (point 2 in my argument) is also supported by this high-resolution climate model. This experiment is quite neat in that there is no change to the surface forcing; it is pure isolated effect of the AMOC, triggered by a change way below the surface in the deep overflow.

Weblink: Ocean Changes Linked to 2010 Hurricanes, Bitter Winters


References
S. Rahmstorf, J.E. Box, G. Feulner, M.E. Mann, A. Robinson, S. Rutherford, and E.J. Schaffernicht, "Exceptional twentieth-century slowdown in Atlantic Ocean overturning circulation", Nature Climate change, 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2554

M. Dima, and G. Lohmann, "Evidence for Two Distinct Modes of Large-Scale Ocean Circulation Changes over the Last Century", Journal of Climate, vol. 23, pp. 5-16, 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2009JCLI2867.1

R. Zhang, "Coherent surface-subsurface fingerprint of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation", Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 35, 2008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2008GL035463

Y. Kaspi, and T. Schneider, "Winter cold of eastern continental boundaries induced by warm ocean waters", Nature, vol. 471, pp. 621-624, 2011. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature09924

http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2015/03/a-hypothesis-about-the-cold-winter-in-eastern-north-america/
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

  • Administrator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 33007
  • Location: Colchester, Vermont
    • Renwable Revolution
Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #190 on: April 14, 2015, 10:07:32 pm »
9 States Report Record Low Snowpack Amid Epic Drought

Cole Mellino | April 14, 2015 10:10 am

California gets most of the attention in drought news coverage because so much of the state is in exceptional drought—the highest level—but 72 percent of the Western U.S. is experiencing drought conditions, according to the latest U.S. Drought Monitor data.


72 percent of the West is experiencing drought conditions and 25 percent is in extreme or exceptional drought. Photo credit: U.S. Drought Monitor

When California’s snowpack assessment showed that the state’s snowpack levels were 6 percent of normal—the lowest ever recorded—it spurred Gov. Brown’s administration to order the first-ever mandatory water restrictions. California’s snowpack levels might be the lowest, but the Golden State is not the only one setting records. A new report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) finds that nine states reported record low snowpack. The report states:

The largest snowpack deficits are in record territory for many basins, especially in the Cascades and Sierra Nevada where single-digit percent of normal conditions prevail. Very low snowpacks are reported in most of Washington, all of Oregon, Nevada, California, parts of Arizona, much of Idaho, parts of New Mexico, three basins in Wyoming, one basin in Montana and most of Utah.

Only high elevation areas in the Rocky Mountains and Interior Alaska had normal or close to normal snowpack levels. “The only holdouts are higher elevations in the Rockies,” said Garen. “Look at the map and you’ll see that almost everywhere else is red.” Red indicates less than half of the normal snowpack remains. Dark red indicates snowpack levels are less than 25 percent of normal.


Much of the West is in dark red, which indicates snowpack levels are below 25 percent of normal. Photo credit: USDA NCRS

And not only is the snowpack drastically reduced in many states, but it’s melting earlier now, too. “Almost all of the West Coast continues to have record low snowpack,” said David Garen, a hydrologist for USDA’s National Resources Conservation Service. “March was warm and dry in most of the West; as a result, snow is melting earlier than usual.”

Historically, April 1 is the peak snowpack. But this year, the peak came earlier because there was very little snow accumulation in March and much of the existing snow had already melted. Streamflow will be reduced even sooner in spring and summer, leaving reservoirs—already well below average in many areas—that much more depleted, the report finds. As of April 1, reservoir levels are below average in at least five western states: Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon and Utah,” according to Reuters. That doesn’t include California, which NASA scientist Jay Famiglietti said has about a year’s supply of water in its reservoirs. 

http://ecowatch.com/2015/04/14/record-low-snowpack-drought/
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

  • Administrator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 33007
  • Location: Colchester, Vermont
    • Renwable Revolution
Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #191 on: April 15, 2015, 08:24:00 pm »
Ka, that was an excellent outline of GLS. Sign me up  :emthup:

Quote
This system must incorporate a transcendent principle(s). Something which remains true regardless of any specific circumstances at any given time. I think a good place to start is to recognize that our ethical values (often expressed in laws) are not rules we conjure up as we please in response to sociocultural circumstances. They are based on fundamental guiding principles and they must be respected. The existing system needs a shock for sure, but any system which replaces it must continue to respect the values which inspired it.

I agree, but since what I am really talking about is a dictatorship of the intellectual class, and since one finds more atheism and fuzzy moral thinking there than anywhere, the fundamental guiding principles will need to be put in more or less secular terms. At the same time, though, one can and should relate such terms to religious principles.

Agreed. I'm basically thinking of the principles we already have in the US Constitution, which are in secular terms. Also, federal legislation dealing with the environment and state legislation for the indigent. At the same time, the overzealous "separation of church and state" can be scaled back. Right now, people who have any association with the state cannot even relate policy goals to religious principles without worrying about being shut down.


Ka,
Rather than a "no growth economy" being the target, I believe that the growth of the biosphere (i.e. increase in viability, not stasis) should be the target AND the overriding principle.

Ashvin,
The U.S. Constitution barely scratches the surface of what is required to preserve and promote a healthy biosphere. To begin with, it is anthropocentric as well as nationalistic, which by definition is at odds with the GLS world view that Ka espouses. I think GLS, if it worked as advertised, would weigh every INaction humans take as well as every action they take to undermine the viability of the biosphere.

Human ethical behavior MUST be redefined to include any and all life forms we share the biosphere with, period. Human ethical behavior DOES NOT DO THAT now, according to our laws, traditions and mores EXCEPT if some land owning Homo SAP "suffers damages". We ARE NOT going to survive extinction with that kind of limited thinking.

But there is more. All this STUFF and legal tradition that came from the Romans and the English, and so on, is PROPERTY based. Even people are considered a type of property. All the tort STUFF out there hair splits about what "damages" are and what they aren't.

In doing so, by invariably IGNORING the biosphere damages UNLESS they occur on somebody's property, it is so anthropocentric (and elite property defending as well :emthdown:) that it ultimately fails to address the overall damage of an anthropocentric world view.

The system must be LIFE based, not PROPERTY based. And Humans MUST be looked at as just one of hundreds of thousands of species level stomachs within the biosphere that must be kept from behaving unethically.

This really isn't all that hard. The problem is that human institutions and pecking order have created an absolutely deadly travesty of logic which consists of self serving, elite ass kissing, biosphere destroying baloney. Those people will fight the OBVIOUS biosphere math that REQUIRES they submit to a biosphere viability level playing field of multi-species rights. Thomas Jefferson would get a great laugh out of that!

The sad part is that ANYTHING LESS than total submission to the preservation of, and promotion of, LIFE is SUICIDAL. Yes, it's THAT BAD NOW, thanks to our massive stupidity and arrogance.

We are NOT in a situation where we can just preserve what we've got and everything is going to be hunky Jake. We are IN THE HOLE, biosphere wise. WE NEED TO GROW a severely depleted multi-species community in order to AVOID EXTINCTION.

This is what James Hansen said recently. He is right.
Quote

My talk, “Our Golden Opportunity”, includes several strong criticisms, beginning with scientists. We scientists are certain that humanity faces an emergency, right now.  Yet as Naomi Oreskes points out in “Playing Dumb” (NY Times, 03/01/2015), we don’t make that clear enough.

We face obstacles in communication with the public, but many are self-imposed.  It took over a year to publish our paper that provides the scientific basis for the legal cases, in part because an anonymous editorial board member (a scientist) insisted we remove “normative” statements.  When he stated that “dangerous” was a normative word, I withdrew the paper from that journal.  Yet when I read the Abstract of the paper now, I am disappointed that we did not make a more crystal clear statement that 2°C global warming is a disaster scenario that must be avoided.

The above is an example of the hair splitting baloney that status quo defenders, along with those who WRONGLY think the "enlightenment" was actually good for mankind, continue to spew out when honorable people, like Hansen, that DO understand our precarious position, try to state the biosphere FACTS to the human community.

We are committing slow suicide. Our institutions, our legal traditions, our pecking order, our government and our "apex predator" wishful thinking are all helping.

Biosphere math is somewhat complicated. But it isn't hard. The impediment is human arrogance.
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

  • Administrator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 33007
  • Location: Colchester, Vermont
    • Renwable Revolution
Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #192 on: April 15, 2015, 08:54:35 pm »
04/15/2015 01:26 PM   
Dutch Citizens Sue Over Climate Inaction, A Sign of Things to Come

SustainableBusiness.com News

As a sign of things to come, a class action lawsuit is in front of a Netherlands court this week to force the government to take stronger action on climate change.

 900 citizens are involved, led by the Urgenda Foundation, which asked citizens to join as co-plaintiffs through ‘crowd pleading.' The lawsuit was filed in late 2013 and this week, a district court heard the case.

They are asking the court to:

1. Declare that global warming of more than 2 degrees Celsius will lead to a violation of fundamental human rights worldwide.

2. Declare that the Dutch State is acting unlawfully by not contributing its proportional share to preventing a global warming of more than 2 degrees Celsius.

3. Order the Dutch State to reduce carbon emissions 40% by 2020 (below 1990 levels), the level scientists have determined is necessary to keep temperature rise below 2C. 


Can Courts Help on This?
  ???

 While it might seem unrealistic for courts to weigh in on this, Jaap Spier, Advocate-General to the Dutch Supreme Court, says that courts actually can force countries to adopt "effective climate policies" and they are "perhaps the only way to break through the political apathy about climate change."

 He says: "Does a judge need to be an activist in order to make a statement about climate change? "No, it is just a matter of applying existing law, although undoubtedly not all judges will be open to this. Judges with the courage to give a ruling on this will one day be applauded, whereas those who don't will eventually be tarred and feathered."

 Indeed, the case coincides with the March launch of the "Oslo Principles on Global Climate Change Obligations," developed by High Court judges, law professors and advocates from the Netherlands, US, Brazil, China, India and other countries.

 The Oslo principles say that governments have a legal obligation to avert climate change under existing international human rights law, environmental law and tort law.

In a letter to Urgenda, the Dutch government acknowledged that its actions are not sufficient to prevent dangerous climate change
. In legal terms, this is a wrongful act of the State, says Urgenda. "The Dutch Supreme Court has consistently upheld the principle that the government can be held legally accountable for not taking sufficient action to prevent foreseeable harm."

Already, lawyers are following suit with legal proceedings against the Belgian government, supported by 8500 citizens.


Urgenda's case is inspired by attorney Roger Cox's book,  Revolution Justified, which argues that the courts can play a pivotal role on climate change.

Cox, who is the lawyer on the case, says: "We're now 23 years down the road of the climate change treaty and it's obvious that international politics has not brought much good to the world. The power of politics, fossil fuel companies and the banks are so large but there is one other powerful system with a lot of wisdom and that is the law."

"There is a parallel here with the situation in the 1950s in the United States. It was the courts that decided that segregation in schools was not constitutional. It wasn't a big issue in society and it wasn't political but it was a few people fighting and the courts following up that created a huge change in American society.

In the US, children are leading the charge to force action on climate change, with legal actions filed in every state. The case got all the way to the Supreme Court, which sadly decided not to take it up. It was heard last week in an Oregon court.

Climate Silence

They want the atmosphere to be declared a "public trust" that deserves protection. The concept has previously been used to clean up polluted rivers and coastlines. In 2012, a Texas judge ruled the state IS responsible for the atmosphere.

Last year, a letter was sent to fossil fuel, mining, insurance and carbon-intensive manufacturers. It warned them that the day is drawing near when they will be held responsible for crimes against nature and society by fueling climate change and misinforming the public on this emergency.

Read the Oslo Principles:

 
Website: www.yale.edu/macmillan/globaljustice/Oslo%20Principles.pdf

http://www.sustainablebusiness.com/index.cfm/go/news.display/id/26248
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

  • Administrator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 33007
  • Location: Colchester, Vermont
    • Renwable Revolution
Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #193 on: April 18, 2015, 12:02:48 am »
Divest From Fossil Fuels Movement Explodes Across the U.S.

Cole Mellino | April 17, 2015 9:49 am

Many students have vowed to ramp up their divestment campaigns at universities across America this spring. One group who has garnered much media attention is Divest Harvard, which is wrapping up a week-long campaign known as “Harvard Heat Week.” Harvard has the largest endowment of any university in the world at $36.4 billion, and hundreds of alumni including Bill McKibben, founder of 350.org, and former Colorado Senator Tim Wirth are participating in the group’s efforts this week.

After a week of sit-ins that have shut down administration offices at Massachusetts Hall, President Faust finally reached out directly to students with Divest Harvard. ”I would be happy to meet with you and a representative group of your student colleagues when you have ceased disrupting university operations,” wrote President Faust in an email.

The students however were not pleased with the offer for another closed door meeting and called for a more open process on divestment that schools like MIT have convened. Divest Harvard has made multiple requests for a more transparent process involving the entire student body, faculty and alumni.

The group knows there is strong support for divestment because the student body voted 72 percent in favor of divestment and hundreds of faculty and thousands of alumni signed a letter supporting the initiative.  


Divest Harvard has agreed to the meeting with the president, but explained that they would not stop protesting as long as Harvard continued to invest in fossil fuel companies. “Recent SEC filings revealed that the university septupled its investments in oil and gas companies last fall  ,” says Divest Harvard.



Last two pages of article:

http://ecowatch.com/2015/04/17/harvard-heat-week-divest-fossil-fuels/2/
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

AGelbert

  • Administrator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 33007
  • Location: Colchester, Vermont
    • Renwable Revolution
Re: 🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️
« Reply #194 on: April 18, 2015, 12:12:00 am »
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
For the Lord will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. Pr. 22:22-23

 

+-Recent Topics

Experts Knew a Pandemic Was Coming. Here’s What They’re Worried About Next. by Surly1
May 12, 2020, 07:46:22 am

Doomstead Diner Daily by Surly1
May 12, 2020, 07:40:17 am

Profiles in Courage by AGelbert
May 09, 2020, 11:47:35 pm

Money by AGelbert
May 09, 2020, 11:27:30 pm

Creeping Police State by AGelbert
May 09, 2020, 10:35:38 pm

COVID-19 🏴☠️ Pandemic by AGelbert
May 09, 2020, 10:19:30 pm

Resisting Brainwashing Propaganda by AGelbert
May 09, 2020, 10:07:28 pm

Corruption in Government by AGelbert
May 09, 2020, 09:54:48 pm

🚩 Global Climate Chaos ☠️ by AGelbert
May 09, 2020, 09:10:24 pm

Intelligent Design by AGelbert
May 09, 2020, 06:38:41 pm