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Author Topic: Global Warming is WITH US  (Read 29823 times)

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AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #120 on: October 03, 2014, 12:56:08 am »

Heat Wave

Sheryl Lee | October 1, 2014 3:49 pm

everything around me is dying
brown, brittle, scorched
no rain

and my skin
my skin is blistering, too

i am on fire in this heat

and bow down in prayer for my brothers and my sisters across the globe who live in places where these temperatures have become the normal

i cannot fight these unforgiving flames
or run from their winning sun

i must lay down my sword of complaints, my luxuries of discomfort
and step to the center of the fire

go straight into the pain
the midwife said to me in labor
do not pull away from it

so now i must dare to melt

what does it want from me? this relentless triple digit number
and what must be burned? i ask with each rising degree

beads of sweat, an offering to thirsty Earth
trickle down my chest
like beads from an old necklace that held the promises of dreams
now broken
scatter to the floor in a give away of hope

i am a dry, crackling leaf
falling from my tree into this claiming fever of the land
unable to hold on until my moment of gold, autumn glory
the purpose of my September

but with no moisture
i am weak
and i am done
surrendered finally to this alchemy of heat
i float slowly toward a dusty field of graves

and bow down in prayer for my brothers and my sisters across the globe
who live in places where these temperatures have become the normal
countries where even drops of water can be sparse and toxic
and a way out may no longer be possible

what will it take to ease their pain?


http://ecowatch.com/2014/10/01/heat-wave-california-climate-change/

                                       
Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life. Pr. 13:12

AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #121 on: October 04, 2014, 01:16:40 am »
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=41yJTxrPFhM&feature=player_embedded

Jailing Climate Deniers
                        

Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. | October 1, 2014 8:29 am

Hysterics at the right wing think tanks and their acolytes at The Washington Times, talk radio and the blogosphere, are foaming in apoplexy because I supposedly suggested that “all climate deniers should be jailed.” Last week, that canard leapt from the wingnut echo chamber into New York magazine, which reported, under Jonathan Chait’s by-line, that “Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. shares the opinion that climate denial should be criminalized.” Chait was quoting the National Review’s Kevin Williamson who made that outlandish claim at one of Heritage Foundation’s annual “Conference for Kooks.” Of course I never said that. I support the First Amendment which makes room for any citizen to, even knowingly, spew far more vile lies without legal consequence.

I do, however, believe that corporations which deliberately, purposefully, maliciously and systematically sponsor climate lies should be given the death penalty.  ;D This can be accomplished through an existing legal proceeding known as “charter revocation.” State Attorneys General can invoke this remedy whenever corporations put their profit-making before the “public welfare.”

In 1998, New York State’s Republican Attorney General, Dennis Vacco successfully invoked the “corporate death penalty” to revoke the charters of two non-profit tax-exempt tobacco industry front groups, The Tobacco Institute and the Council for Tobacco Research (CTR). The two groups Vacco annulled were creatures of a decade long campaign funded principally by tobacco giant, Brown & Williamson to avoid costly health regulations that would diminish the profit margins of an industry that was killing one out of five of its customers. “Doubt is our Product,” explained Brown & Williamson’s notorious 1969 memo outlining the reptilian communications strategy that hatched its front groups.   

Vacco complained that these companies were “[feeding] the public a pack of lies in an underhanded effort to promote smoking so as to addict America’s kids.” Attorney General Vacco seized their assets and distributed them to public institutions.

Laws in every state maintain that companies that fail to comply with prescribed standards of corporate behavior may be either dissolved or, in the case of foreign corporations, lose their rights to operate within that state’s borders. These rules can be quite expansive and, in contrast to the U.S. Supreme Court’s ­­­­recent rulings on campaign finance law, companies, under state laws, enjoy far less protection than human beings. New York, for example, prescribes corporate death whenever a company fails to “serve the common good” and “to cause no harm.”

Just as Big Tobacco funded the now moribund CTR and the Tobacco Institute to systematically deceive the public about the perils of cigarettes, the carbon cronies, with far larger profits at stake, have funded an army of front groups to persuade the public that global warming is a hoax.
For more than a decade, petroleum industry behemoths lead by Koch Industries and ExxonMobil, have waged a successful multi-million dollar propaganda blitz to mislead the public about global warming using the same techniques honed by Big Tobacco in its campaign to hoodwink the public about smoking.

In their efforts to impede state, national and international efforts to protect humans from the destructive climate chaos, both companies have engaged in massive spending sprees purchasing phony “junk” science devised to undermine the overwhelming scientific consensus on global warming. Between 1997 and 2013, ExxonMobil, pumped more than $29.9 million into an elaborate network of more than 75 front groups to manufacture skepticism about the oncoming climate catastrophe. At the same time, Koch Industries has piped at least $67,042,064 to more than 50 groups that play central roles in the Koch-funded offensive against climate science.

Two decades after Brown & Williamson’s notorious “Doubt is our Product” memo, the oil industry launched its own anti-science juggernaut replicating Big Tobacco’s and utilizing many of the same corrupt scientists and PR firms. Two secret memos dictated the blueprint for Big Carbon’s anti-science offensive. The American Petroleum Institute (API)—lobbyist for ExxonMobil, Chevron, BP, Shell and ConocoPhillips    —was the spear tip of a multi-million dollar campaign to confound American citizens about climate science by manipulating the media. On April 3, 1998, API laid out its “Global Climate Science Communications action plan,” the detailed blueprint of “tactics and strategies” for deceiving the American people and press by sewing doubts about climate science. The API team would create front groups and “educate” editorial boards and corporate CEOs to challenge “prevailing scientific wisdom.” Under “recruiting and training,” API outlines its plan for tapping neophyte—“read malleable”—scientists and tame journalists (“e.g. John Stossel,” the memo suggests) to bamboozle the public. “Victory will be achieved,” API promises, “when average citizens and the media recognize uncertainties in climate science;” recognition of uncertainties becomes part of the “conventional wisdom.”

Four years later in 2002, conservative pollster Frank Luntz in an influential memo to President George Bush and oil patch lawmakers, applauded the industry for the success of the API campaign. “Voters believe that there is no consensus about global warming within the scientific community.” Nevertheless, he warned Big Carbon’s indentured servants on Capitol Hill “the science [is closing against us] but is not yet closed.” He advised, “therefore, you need to continue to make the lack of scientific certainty a primary issue in the debate.”

Over the next dozen years, a string of front groups conducted the deceptive anti-science campaign outlined in the API’s 1998 plan and Luntz’s 2002 memo and funded primarily by ExxonMobil and Koch.

Among the groups that have received millions from Exxon and Koch Industries are the Cato Institute, The Heritage Foundation, Cooler Heads Coalition, Global Climate Coalition, American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), Americans for Prosperity, Heartland Institute, Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT), George C. Marshall Institute, State Policy Network, Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI) and American Enterprise Institute (AEI).

Like the Tobacco Institute and CTR, these front groups are snake pits for sociopaths. Run by venomous carbon industry toadies, they stable a craven menagerie of propaganda wizards, slick biostitutes, tobacco scientists, snake oil hucksters, voodoo economists and other so called “experts” employed to publish beguiling studies, appear on TV and radio, and write deceptive articles critiquing the “flawed science” predicting climate change. They broadcast zany theories to bolster policies that encourage increased energy consumption, torpedo renewable energy, attack pollution rules, maintain Big Carbon’s obscene government subsidies and, in general, provide the philosophical underpinnings for a system of cushy socialism for the “dirty energy” tycoons and bitter, savage capitalism for the rest of mankind.

For example, CEI, which describes itself as being “a leader in the fight against the global warming scare,” spent years denying that warming was real, and then, as the tsunami of evidence made that position untenable, pivoted to the more defensible posture that human beings are not causing it. CEI has more recently beat its final retreat to the terminal default position that global warming is great because it will “create a milder, greener, more prosperous world.” The floods, fires, drought, rising oceans, disappearing ice caps, melting glaciers, drowned cities and refugees have not exactly been “mild.” But things have been prosperous and “green”—if one means greenbacks—for the Koch Brothers and ExxonMobil, who are enjoying the biggest profits in world history. “You’re Welcome, Planet Earth!”

AEI, one of the richest and most influential think tanks in the U.S.—and the high priest of climate denial—offered a $10,000 bounty in 2006 to any scientist or economist who could produce an article undermining the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report. The IPCC report was the most comprehensive review yet of climate change science representing the scientific consensus among thousands of climate scientists comprising the leading and most prestigious and scientific stars from more than 130 participating nations.

Any state attorney general with the will, resolve and viscera to stand to up to the dangerous and duplicitous corporate propagandists, has authority to annul the charters of each of these mercenary merchants of deceit. An attorney general with particularly potent glands could revoke the charters not just oil industry surrogates like AEI and CEI, he or she could also withdraw state operating authority from the soulless, nationless oil companies that have sponsored “Big Lie” campaigns and force them to sell their in-state assets to more responsible competitors.

Koch Industries and ExxonMobil have particularly distinguished themselves as candidates for corporate death. No other companies have worked harder or spent more money to impede the government from taking action on global warming to safeguard public welfare. Both companies have employed artifice on a massive scale and spent tens of millions of dollars to purchase fraudulent junk science. The greedy, immoral, anti-social pathology behind ExxonMobil and Koch’s mendacious crusade is even starker given the open acknowledgment since 2007 by the other major oil companies including Shell, Chevron and BP, that burning oil is causing climate change.

Though they like to invoke patriotic themes and drape themselves in the flag, the oil barons have persistently demonstrated their enthusiasm for putting corporate profits ahead of the public welfare.   

“I’m not a U.S. company,” Exxon’s legendary former CEO, Lee Raymond told his board, “and I don’t make decisions on what is good for the U.S..” These companies are not friends to America. They are enemies of mankind.

The notion that a state attorney general might actually execute one of these villains is not a pipe dream.  ;D State attorneys general have historically shown a willingness to stand up to American democracy’s biggest corporate bullies including, Wall Street, Big Tobacco, coal burning utilities and the oil titans even in eras, like the present, when corporate money has subverted our democracy and extracted the spinal cords from most politicians. It was 46 courageous state attorneys generals who brought down the cigarette companies. It was nine northeastern state attorneys general who sued the coal burning utilities for damages to their citizens from airborne pollutants. And it was state attorneys general in New York, Ohio and Texas who, during the Gilded Age, dismantled the Standard Oil octopus, and restored economic democracy to America. That deadly Frankenstein monster, now reassembled and resurrected as ExxonMobil, poses an even greater threat today to our historical values and quality of life.

Let’s all hope for and vote for a home state Attorney General candidate who promises to stand up against carbon’s duplicitous proxies and fight for truth, justice and democracy, and to provide our children with safe, healthy, dignified and wholesome communities and the prosperity that should not be exclusive to the Koch Brothers and ExxonMobil.

http://ecowatch.com/2014/10/01/jailing-climate-deniers-robert-kennedy-jr/


Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life. Pr. 13:12

AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #122 on: October 04, 2014, 11:07:38 pm »
Yes, animals have Energy Return On Energy Invested (EROEI).

 In fact the CONCEPT was originally applied to LIFE FORMS, not Fossil Fuels exploited by Corporate CROOKS and LIARS. 

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pF-aNYhCr8k&feature=player_embedded
Another Externalized Cost thanks to the Profit Over Planet, Fossil Fuel Burning CRIMINALS. 
The Fossil Fuelers DID THE Climate Trashing CRIME, but since they have ALWAYS BEEN liars and conscience free crooks , they are trying to AVOID   DOING THE TIME or     PAYING THE FINE!  Don't let them get away with it! Pass it on!   
Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life. Pr. 13:12

AGelbert

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Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life. Pr. 13:12

AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #124 on: October 09, 2014, 11:59:30 pm »
Find Out Which State Contributes Most to Climate Change  >:(



Story at link below:

http://ecowatch.com/2014/10/08/state-contributes-climate-change/
Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life. Pr. 13:12

AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #125 on: October 19, 2014, 03:58:29 pm »

32 Dead, 85 Missing In Himalayan Trekking Disaster After Unseasonal Blizzard


October in Nepal is a peak season for trekkers to gather and work their way up the Himalayan mountains. Skies are usually clear and sun shines though. However, heavy snowfall on Tuesday followed by a series of avalanches has caused a nightmare scenario, leaving at least 32 people dead and 85 missing.

Most of the fatalities happened as the blizzard reached a point on the Annapurna Circuit, 100 miles northwest of the capital, Kathmandu. A well-known trekking route in central Nepal, the area is about 14,800 feet above sea level and close the the circuit’s highest point, the Thorung La pass. Helicopters have saved survivors stranded in lodges and huts along the route, with at least 200 trekkers already rescued according to authorities. Tourists from countries around the world, including Israel, Indonesia, Germany, Spain, India, Canada, Russia, and Poland, were caught on the mountain. This is the worst disaster in the history of Nepal’s mountain-climbing industry — snowfall from the storm topped six feet in some places.
 
“I was sure I was going to die on the way to the pass because I lost my group, I lost all the people I was with and I could not see anything,” said Linor Kajan, an injured trekker from Israel, who said she was stuck in waist-deep snow. “One Nepalese guide who knows the way saw me and asked me to stay with him. And he dragged me, really dragged me to the tea shop. And everybody there was really frightened.”

In this handout photo provided by the Nepalese army, rescue team members carry the body of an avalanche victim at Thorong La pass area in Nepal, Friday, Oct. 17, 2014. Rescuers widened their search Friday for trekkers stranded since a series of blizzards and avalanches battered the Himalayas in northern Nepal early this week.

In this handout photo (at link) provided by the Nepalese army, rescue team members carry the body of an avalanche victim at Thorong La pass area in Nepal, Friday, Oct. 17, 2014. Rescuers widened their search Friday for trekkers stranded since a series of blizzards and avalanches battered the Himalayas in northern Nepal early this week.

CREDIT: AP/Nepalese Army

The blizzard was the tail end of Cyclone Hudhud, which hit the Indian coast a few days earlier and was reportedly one of the strongest storms on record to hit the region. The equivalent of a category 4 hurricane, Hudhud made landfall on October 12 in Andhra Pradesh, India.

Climate scientists are hesitant to link any one weather event to climate change, but they have pointed out in the past that the Himalayas are especially vulnerable to the increased storm intensity expected to result from climate change.

“Storms in that region are getting stronger,” John Stone, an IPCC lead author and adjunct professor at Carleton University in Ottawa, told the Toronto Star. “It is not inconsistent with what scientists have been saying … by making the atmosphere contain more energy, we have increased the likelihood of more frequent and severe storms.”

The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, a regional agency based in Kathmandu that serves eight countries, released a report in May showing that rising temperatures caused Nepal’s glaciers to shrink by almost a quarter between 1977 and 2010 — at an average loss of about 15 square miles per year. The report also pointed out that Nepal’s average temperature change has been two to eight times greater than the global average. The report says that these changes could bring more intense and frequent floods, avalanches, and landslides.

This is not the first time a deadly blizzard has struck trekkers during the hiking season. In 1995 and 2005 more than a dozen climbers and guides were killed by storms. Then earlier this year in April an avalanche killed 16 Nepalese guides near a base camp on Mount Everest in the deadliest disaster in the mountain’s history. This avalanche was not caused by a storm, but melting ice on the famous Khumbu Icefall.


“Accurate weather forecasting has reduced the risk of being surprised by a killer storm like the one that struck in 1996,” wrote Jon Krakauer, author of a book about a deadly 1996 storm event on Everest, in the New Yorker. “But the pronounced warming of the Himalayan climate in recent years has made the Icefall more unstable than ever, and there is still no way to predict when a serac is going to topple over. And Sherpas spend much, much more time in the Icefall than their Western employers.”   :(

Of this disaster, former British Gurkha officer and avid trekker General Sam Cowan said “no one should have ventured out to cross Thorung La with the weather as threatening as it was, nor should their trekking guides have allowed it.”  :emthup:

http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2014/10/17/3581110/unseasonal-blizzard-deadly-himalayan-avalanche/

Agelbert NOTE: Of course you KNOW I'm going to rant about global warming, Homo SAP stupidity, greed, shortsightedness (and so on    ) . But you are WRONG today! So there!  ;D

I cede the floor to a fellow I have a few differences with in regard to people of color but, over all, I admit he was a very prudent and cautious individual with a scientific outlook on reality.  :emthup: 

Enjoy the following post and imagine what Ben would say   ;D about Climate Change deniers with his inimitable, bitingly delicious and gentlemanly sarcastic irony if he were alive today as you observe what he said about the fine citizens of Philadelphia in his day in regard to fire "prevention".   

The article itself is ALSO instructive in the light of the Ebola (avoidable if CFS has been used) tragedy when you consider the danger of spreading disease that our "modern" animal transport system now practically guarantees.   :P :emthdown:


BeefTalk: An Ounce of Prevention Is Worth a Pound of Cure 


Quote
What Franklin describes is not that different than the state of animal health and our response to dire situations.

By Kris Ringwall, Beef Specialist

NDSU Extension Service

The Benjamin Franklin axiom that “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” is as true today as it was when Franklin made the quote. Although many use the quote when referring to health, Franklin actually was addressing fire safety.

Franklin wrote this (courtesy of ushistory.org) under an assumed name.  ;D He said, "In the first Place, as an Ounce of Prevention is worth a Pound of Cure,   I would advise 'em to take care how they suffer living Coals in a full Shovel,  to be carried out of one Room into another, or up or down Stairs, unless in a Warmingpan shut; for Scraps of Fire may fall into Chinks and make no Appearance until Midnight;      when your Stairs being in Flames, you may be forced, (as I once was) to leap out of your Windows, and hazard your Necks to avoid being oven-roasted."


We should all relate to Franklin. Regardless of the endeavor, our tendency is to be a bit sloppy at times. For the unfortunate few for whom the hands of chance all line up, disaster is the outcome.

Franklin also related the status quo response, at least as was the status quo in Philadelphia. "Soon after it [a fire] is seen and cry'd out, the Place is crowded by active Men of different Ages, Professions and Titles who, as of one Mind and Rank, apply themselves with all Vigilance and Resolution, according to their Abilities, to the hard Work of conquering the increasing fire."       

If one sits back and reflects, what Franklin describes is not that different than the state of animal health and our response to dire situations. Carrying lit coals up and down wood stairs in poorly designed or improperly used containers served to spread inconspicuous “scraps of fire” that later flare up into a major fire.

We transport livestock up and down many roads without properly designed or implemented biosecurity procedures. This can lay the seeds of disease that come out of dormancy later and bring a major disease outbreak. Our response, like Franklin's well- meaning entourage of well-intended but poorly trained and organized volunteers, may get the problem cleaned up but not very effectively and oftentimes at great public expense and personal loss.

Franklin, having been in other cities that were better prepared, encouraged "a club or society of active men belonging to each fire engine, whose business is to attend all fires with it whenever they happen." The process was adopted and Philadelphia's firefighters became more effective with good training and organization.

This preparation, "an Ounce of Prevention is worth a Pound of Cure," resulted in not only the professional establishment of the Union Fire Company on Dec. 7, 1736, but also the subsequent education about fires to the general public.

Their equipment included "leather buckets, with strong bags and baskets (for packing and transporting goods), which were to be brought to every fire. The blaze battlers met monthly to talk about fire prevention and fire-fighting methods. Homeowners were mandated to have leather fire-fighting buckets in their houses."

This organized prevention transformed Philadelphia from an unsafe city to one of the safest cities in America for fire prevention.

Perhaps today is one of those days that one needs to simply sit back and reflect a little bit.

The animal industry is not unique. We like to think it is, but survival in the modern world does not allow for resting on one's laurels.

The good old days are just that, old. We need to relate to the present, which runs faster and is more demanding.

While we bring much upon ourselves, we need to be prepared, organized and able to respond to a crisis. The best intentions do not alleviate disaster nor mitigate loss. Preparation does, so today "an Ounce of Prevention is worth a Pound of Cure."

May you find all your ear tags.  ;D

Your comments are always welcome at http://www.BeefTalk.com.

For more information, contact the NDBCIA Office, 1041 State Ave., Dickinson, ND 58601, or go to http://www.CHAPS2000.com on the Internet.

http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/news/columns/beeftalk/beeftalk-an-ounce-of-prevention-is-worth-a-pound-of-cure/

Please feel free to pass it on. Ya nevah know when a fossil fueler=climate denier will wake up and realize that Thelma and Louise is not a good survival strategy...

 
Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life. Pr. 13:12

AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #126 on: October 20, 2014, 05:38:09 pm »
Floridians Deliver 92,000-Signature Petition Urging Gov. Rick Scott To Cut State Emissions  ;D
http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2014/10/20/3581775/rick-scott-power-plant-petition/
Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life. Pr. 13:12

AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #127 on: October 22, 2014, 08:35:36 pm »
Ocean heat storage: a particularly lousy policy target + Update       


Quote
Figure 1. Ocean heat content in the surface layer (top panel, various data sets) and the mid-depth (700-2000 m) and deep ocean (bottom panel), from the IPCC AR5 (Fig. 3.2 – see caption there for details). Note that uncertainties are larger than for global mean temperature, the data don’t go as far back (1850 for global mean temperature) and data from the deep ocean are particularly sparse, so that only a trend line is shown.

SNIPPET:
The New York Times, 12 December 2027:  After 12 years of debate and negotiation, kicked off in Paris in 2015, world leaders have finally agreed to ditch the goal of limiting global warming to below 2 °C. Instead, they have agreed to the new goal of limiting global ocean heat content to 1024 Joules.

The decision was widely welcomed by the science and policy communities as a great step forward. “In the past, the 2 °C goal has allowed some governments to pretend that they are taking serious action to mitigate global warming, when in reality they have achieved almost nothing. I’m sure that this can’t happen again with the new 1024 Joules goal”, said David Victor, a professor of international relations who originally proposed this change back in 2014. And an unnamed senior EU negotiator commented: “Perhaps I shouldn’t say this, but some heads of state had trouble understanding the implications of the 2 °C target; sometimes they even accidentally talked of limiting global warming to 2%.

I’m glad that we now have those 1024 Joules which are much easier to grasp for policy makers and the public.” This fictitious newspaper item  ;D  is of course absurd and will never become reality, because ocean heat content is unsuited as a climate policy target.
Here are three main reasons why.
1. Ocean heat content is extremely unresponsive to policy.

2. Ocean heat content has no direct relation to any impacts.
3. Ocean heat content is difficult to measure.
The reason is that you have to measure tiny temperature changes over a huge volume, rather than much larger changes just over a surface.

Ocean heat content estimates have gone through a number of revisions, instrument calibration issues etc. If we were systematically off by just 0.05 °C throughout the oceans due to some instrument drift, the error would larger than the entire ocean heat uptake since 1970. :o  If the surface measurements were off by 0.05 °C, this would be a negligible correction compared to the 0.7 °C surface warming observed since 1950.

Article at link (for geeks only  ;D):


http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2014/10/ocean-heat-storage-a-particularly-lousy-policy-target/comment-page-1/#comment-613097
Agelbert Comment:  ;D

I fully agree with the author of this article. Not only is the idea of using the ocean temperature as a target flawed from the point of view of a "hiatus" that never actually existed but it smacks of another, "long view" technique the fossil fuel industry can use to claim they can continue to burn massive amounts of fossil fuels without "undue" deleterious effects on our climate and biosphere.

I have two questions for climate scientists. The first one is about ocean temperatures with particular regard to heat exchange at the surface. It is a fact that the surface of two thirds of the planet is ocean and that part (on the average) is getting warmer.

Have the models incorporated the effect of salinity on ocean surface vapor pressure changes? It is a fact that fresh water has a higher specific heat than salt water. However, salt water, because of the molecular adhesive forces of the sodium and chloride ions, requires more energy, despite having a lower specific heat, to release (evaporate) H2O and heat into the atmosphere. Then there is the effect of more fresh water coming off of glaciers reducing salinity in some ocean surface areas which, in theory, would increase the heat storage capacity in the surface layers even while the evaporation rate is facilitated.

I ask all this because it seems logical that, if there is empirical evidence that the surface layers of the ocean are warming at a faster rate than the atmosphere, a punctuated equilibrium phenomenon could be building up where, at a certain point, a combination of reduced salinity and increased temperature could cause a large amount of heat exchange from the oceans into the atmosphere, thereby exacerbating atmospheric heating.

And all this is above and beyond he deleterious effects of decreased pH on the thousands of species of marine CaCo3 shelled organisms due to green House gases.

My second question is, considering there are billions of internal combustion engines running 24/7 on the surface of our planet and in constant and intimate contact with the atmosphere, do the models that predict the rate of atmospheric warming from green house gases also include the infrared radiation from all those internal combustion engines?

The green house gas pollution comes from engines that are only 18 to 22% efficient, except for the large turbines run by utilities that can reach up to 60%. My point is that we have nearly 80% of the energy produced from internal combustion engines being converted to heat that immediately enters the atmospheric mix. Is this not considered statistically significant in the light of the massive amount of IR heat per square meter that we have arriving on the planet from the sun?

If an estimate of that heat load and a scientific study to measure and quantify it has not been done, it should be done. We have alternatives. If it could be proven scientifically that the IR contribution by the internal combustion engines is deleterious to the biosphere, it would boost the transition to non thermal mechanical energy applications like solar powered electric vehicles or at least batteries charged exclusively by solar power for said vehicles.

About 157,000 vehicles are manufactured each day on this planet. Why should we allow our vehicles to get only 20% mechanical energy and release 80% heat into the atmosphere when an electric motor is at least 70% efficient?

We need scientists to speak loudly and clearly that fossil fuels are deleterious to the biosphere. The status quo is not healthy or sustainable. You know that. Can you help to end the fossil fuel age? It's high time we stopped digging our own graves on behalf of profit over planet.
Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life. Pr. 13:12

AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #128 on: October 23, 2014, 09:16:14 pm »


This graphic novelist tells the true story of climate change

By Sara Bernard

Excellent article with more graphics at link:   


http://grist.org/people/this-graphic-novelist-tells-the-true-story-of-climate-change/
Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life. Pr. 13:12

AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #129 on: October 23, 2014, 09:28:50 pm »



If it weren't for those meddling kids ...
  ;)

These teens are taking their climate lawsuit all the way to the Supreme Court

By Sam Bliss

22 Oct 2014 8:00 AM     

Those feisty, litigious climate-hawk kids just won’t go away. Back in 2011, we wrote about a group of witty whippersnappers that filed a lawsuit against the federal government. The premise: The government must take action to protect the atmosphere for future generations. 



Full laudable article on this worthy but quixotic effort here:
http://grist.org/climate-energy/these-teens-are-taking-their-climate-lawsuit-all-the-way-to-the-supreme-court/
Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life. Pr. 13:12

AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #130 on: October 24, 2014, 06:21:02 pm »
10/24/2014 11:50 AM            
South Miami Wants to Secede from Florida Over Climate Change 

SustainableBusiness.com News

I've said it jokingly: it's time for Blue and Red states to form their own countries and see which ideology performs better.

Perhaps South Miami will be our pilot, since they just voted to secede from Florida! Already under water from climate change, they want action, but that's not possible in a state run by Republicans.

If Governor Rick Scott wins his tight re-election campaign, Florida's leadership - including Senator Marco Rubio - will continue denying that climate change even exists. On the other hand, Scott's Democratic challenger for governor, Charlie Crist, fully acknowledges climate change and the threat it poses to Florida.
Introduced by Vice Mayer Walter Harris, the city council passed a resolution that calls for splitting Florida in two, so that South Florida can take climate change into their own hands.

Pretty amazing that the line is drawn over climate change.


"South Florida's situation is very precarious and in need of immediate attention.... The creation of the 51st state, South Florida, is a necessity for the very survival of the entire southern region of the current state of Florida,"  says the resolution.

Much of South Florida is just five feet above sea level and at high tide, it seeps up from the porous bedrock, bringing sea water dangerously close to fresh water supplies - and forcing people to walk in water up to their knees. Nuclear reactors there are 42 years old and 2.5 million pounds of nuclear waste is buried on-site.

A line would be drawn north of Orlando,  ;D giving the state of South Florida 24 counties, 67% of its population and 70% of the current state's revenue.
The resolution is a statement - it's not at likely to go through because it would have to approved by Florida's state legislature and then by Congress.
South Florida is doing what it can on its own, creating the Southeast Florida Regional Climate Compact and Regional Climate Action Plan.

Title of the Resolution:
Resolution of the Mayor and City Commission of the City of South Miami, Florida, advocating the legal separation of Florida into two separate states, creating the 51st state in the Union and naming it "South Florida". 
Read about what Miami is dealing with:
Website: www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jul/11/miami-drowning-climate-change-deniers-sea-levels-rising
http://www.sustainablebusiness.com/index.cfm/go/news.display/id/25972

Agelbert NOTE: South Florida GETS IT!. Good for them!  8)


Quote
Robert F. Kennedy Jr: In the next decade there will be an epic battle for survival for humanity against the forces of ignorance and greed. It’s going to be Armageddon, represented by the oil industry on one side, versus the renewable industry on the other. And people are going to have to choose sides – including politically. They will have to choose sides because oil and coal, they will not be able to survive – they are not going to be able to burn their proven reserves. If they do, then we are all dead. And they are quite willing to burn it. We’re all going to be part of that battle. We are going to watch governments being buffeted by the whims of money and greed on one side, and idealism and hope on the other.

 http://cleantechnica.com/2013/02/06/interview-with-robert-f-kennedy-jr-on-environmental-activism-democratization-of-energy-more/#JSW31ABzPkmZ6PTh.99




ONLY Renewable Energy AND its prudent use can get us from the Baked in left to the Biosphere Harmony right. I know what I want. How about YOU?
Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life. Pr. 13:12

AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #131 on: October 29, 2014, 06:46:11 pm »
The Monthly Newsletter of the WOODS HOLE RESEARCH CENTER
A Vision After Venice

Dr.  Richard A. Houghton, Acting President
 
My reward for going to Venice to receive the ICCG award for the most influential think tank on climate change was not the motor launch ride through the canals of Venice at 8 o'clock in the morning or bringing home the graceful glass sculpture that came, surprisingly, with the award, but the question I was asked by a student at the end of my acceptance speech. The question seemed mild at the time of asking, and it wasn't until two sleepless travel days later that I knew the real answer.

The question/comment was, "Your idea for stabilizing the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere while transitioning from fossil to renewable forms of energy, is based on the assumption that the carbon sinks on land and in the ocean will continue." "Of course," I agreed, "and it's an assumption that I am not very confident about. I would expect those sinks to have declined already, when, in fact, they have only grown in proportion to the emissions of carbon to the atmosphere." 

But the real answer that I not only missed the opportunity to present, but didn't even have in my mind, is, "Of course. The assumption that the sinks will continue may not be valid, but what's the alternative?  ???

What is the alternative to reducing emissions of carbon from fossil fuels? In theory, we could capture the CO2 released from smoke stacks and tail pipes and sequester it in underground, geological formations (Carbon Capture and Storage), but geologists are far from united that such storage is feasible or long-term. The process is energetically expensive, and the CO2 might leak back out to the atmosphere. There are other geo-engineering schemes, as well, but the risks and our ignorance of the effects make them seem like science fiction, or worse, like flights of fancy that keep us from addressing the real problem: how to live sustainably within our means.

The other alternative to moving to a low-carbon economy is to let climatic disruption play out its course. That's the course we're on - continuing as usual. We're headed for a 4oC warming by the end of the century, and look at the storms, droughts, and floods we've had with a warming of less than 1oC.


No. The alternatives to moving to a low-carbon economy are not a burned-up planet or a planet with an ingenious fix for keeping our fossil fuel interests intact. There is no alternative. And if past rates of carbon uptake by land and oceans don't continue into the future, we're fried anyway.

The idea of planting trees instead of cutting them down, which is, of course, the idea of managing ecosystems to take CO2 out of the atmosphere, may seem hokey and not very high-tech, but it is something we know how to do. It's part of the solution. It's the part that's essential for keeping the concentration of CO2 from continuing to increase while we're getting out of the fossil fuel business.

We can only pack so much carbon onto land in trees and soils before it's essentially full. Doing so while developing renewable technologies and infrastructure for replacing fossil with renewable energy is part of the solution for ending further climatic disruption. It may be hokey, but it's also cheap and something at which we've had centuries of practice. There are difficulties and risks (perhaps the subject of another e-newsletter), but the alternatives are worse. We have little to lose by restoring the Earth with trees and productive soils and much to gain.

Thank you, Venice and the International Center for Climate Governance, for recognizing the Woods Hole Research Center and for helping frame in my mind the importance of carbon management on land.

http://iccgov.org/newsletter/2014/events/international-lectures/invitation_lecture_2014-10-02-en.html
Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life. Pr. 13:12

AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #132 on: November 01, 2014, 05:56:40 pm »
Watch Bill Nye Shred Climate Denying Congresswoman  ;D

Bill Nye the Science Guy has no patience with climate deniers like Congresswoman Marsha Blackburn (R-TN)  , whom he faced off with on a recent segment of CBS’s Meet The Press. Blackburn blithely dismissed his contention that climate change is real, saying “Neither he nor I are a climate scientist … what we have to do is look at the information we get from climate scientists.”       
Anastasia Pantsios | October 30, 2014 2:24 pm
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dkR3TI6xyzU&feature=player_embedded

“She did something which is very common in the climate denier community or whatever you want to call it, which is to talk about credentials,” noted Nye. “You don’t need to be a full-time climate scientist to understand it. As far as my credentials, I’m a mechanical engineer. I took a lot of physics. I get it. I can understand what’s going on. We’re putting carbon dioxide in the air at a prodigious rate and the world is getting warmer.”

“The world is getting warmer because of human activity—that’s a fact,” he continued. “If you have somebody who really strongly believes the Earth was flat, you wouldn’t have to have that person on a television show with the people who believe the earth is round. It’s not one person vs the other person. It’s 97 people vs. three people.”

He suggests that perhaps Blackburn    is getting her information from sources other than climate scientists. 

“As far as Ms. Blackburn, it sounded like she’s been coached on denial bullet points or talking points,” he said. “I very much enjoy talking those people on but meanwhile it breaks my heart because we’ve got work to do. The fossil fuel industry has really gotten in their ears, and it’s really troublesome. We’re the world’s most technical advanced country—certainly in the top 10. To have a generation of science students brought up without awareness of climate change is just a formula for disaster.” 

http://ecowatch.com/2014/10/30/bill-nye-shred-climate-denier/



The Fossil Fuelers   DID THE Climate Trashing CRIME,   but since they have ALWAYS BEEN liars    and conscience free crooks ,    they are trying to AVOID   DOING THE TIME or     PAYING THE FINE!     Don't let them get away with it! Pass it on!




Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life. Pr. 13:12

AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #133 on: November 02, 2014, 07:00:30 pm »
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T66tLRR9drY&feature=player_embedded
Dear Earthlings, Remember me this way. I did the best I could for you. Too bad you can't stop doing what you do.   
Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life. Pr. 13:12

AGelbert

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Re: Global Warming is WITH US
« Reply #134 on: November 03, 2014, 04:07:08 pm »

Donald Voigt from Penn State looks at an ice core in January 2012 during the WAIS Divide project.
Credit: Photo courtesy of Gifford Wong, Dartmouth


Three abrupt pulses of carbon dioxide during last deglaciation, study shows

October 29, 2014

Source: Oregon State University

Quote
Summary:

The rise of atmospheric carbon dioxide that contributed to the end of the last ice age more than 10,000 years ago did not occur gradually, but was characterized by three 'pulses' in which carbon dioxide rose abruptly.



A new study shows that the rise of atmospheric carbon dioxide that contributed to the end of the last ice age more than 10,000 years ago did not occur gradually, but was characterized by three "pulses" in which C02 rose abruptly.

Scientists are not sure what caused these abrupt increases, during which C02 levels rose about 10-15 parts per million -- or about 5 percent per episode -- over a period of 1-2 centuries. It likely was a combination of factors, they say, including ocean circulation, changing wind patterns, and terrestrial processes.

The finding is important, however, because it casts new light on the mechanisms that take Earth in and out of ice age regimes. Results of the study, which was funded by the National Science Foundation, appear this week in the journal Nature.

"We used to think that naturally occurring changes in carbon dioxide took place relatively slowly over the 10,000 years it took to move out of the last ice age," said Shaun Marcott, lead author on the article who conducted his study as a post-doctoral researcher at Oregon State University. "This abrupt, centennial-scale variability of CO2 appears to be a fundamental part of the global carbon cycle."

Some previous research has hinted at the possibility that spikes in atmospheric carbon dioxide may have accelerated the last deglaciation, but that hypothesis had not been resolved, the researchers say. The key to the new finding is the analysis of an ice core from the West Antarctic that provided the scientists with an unprecedented glimpse into the past.

Scientists studying past climate have been hampered by the limitations of previous ice cores. Cores from Greenland, for example, provide unique records of rapid climate events going back 120,000 years -- but high concentrations of impurities don't allow researchers to accurately determine atmospheric carbon dioxide records. Antarctic ice cores have fewer impurities, but generally have had lower "temporal resolution," providing less detailed information about atmospheric CO2.

However, a new core from West Antarctica, drilled to a depth of 3,405 meters in 2011 and spanning the last 68,000 years, has "extraordinary detail," said Oregon State paleoclimatologist Edward Brook, a co-author on the Nature study and an internationally recognized ice core expert. Because the area where the core was taken gets high annual snowfall, he said, the new ice core provides one of the most detailed records of atmospheric CO2.

"It is a remarkable ice core and it clearly shows distinct pulses of carbon dioxide increase that can be very reliably dated," Brook said. "These are some of the fastest natural changes in CO2 we have observed, and were probably big enough on their own to impact Earth's climate.

"The abrupt events did not end the ice age by themselves," Brook added. "That might be jumping the gun a bit. But it is fair to say that the natural carbon cycle can change a lot faster than was previously thought -- and we don't know all of the mechanisms that caused that rapid change."

The researchers say that the increase in atmospheric CO2 from the peak of the last ice age to complete deglaciation was about 80 parts per million, taking place over 10,000 years. Thus, the finding that 30-45 ppm of the increase happened in just a few centuries was significant.

The overall rise of atmospheric carbon dioxide during the last deglaciation was thought to have been triggered by the release of CO2 from the deep ocean -- especially the Southern Ocean. However, the researchers say that no obvious ocean mechanism is known that would trigger rises of 10-15 ppm over a time span as short as one to two centuries.

"The oceans are simply not thought to respond that fast," Brook said. "Either the cause of these pulses is at least part terrestrial, or there is some mechanism in the ocean system we don't yet know about."

One reason the researchers are reluctant to pin the end of the last ice age solely on CO2 increases is that other processes were taking place, according to Marcott, who recently joined the faculty of the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

"At the same time CO2 was increasing, the rate of methane in the atmosphere was also increasing at the same or a slightly higher rate," Marcott said. "We also know that during at least two of these pulses, the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation changed as well. Changes in the ocean circulation would have affected CO2 -- and indirectly methane, by impacting global rainfall patterns."

"Earth is a big coupled system," he added, "and there are many pieces to the puzzle. The discovery of these strong, rapid pulses of CO2 is an important piece."

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/10/141029145617.htm
Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life. Pr. 13:12

 

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